Chaetonotus (Primochaetus) heteracanthus Remane, 1927, Remane, 1927

Kånneby, Tobias, 2013, New species and records of freshwater Chaetonotus (Gastrotricha: Chaetonotidae) from Sweden, Zootaxa 3701 (5), pp. 551-588: 578-579

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Chaetonotus (Primochaetus) heteracanthus Remane, 1927


Chaetonotus (Primochaetus) heteracanthus Remane, 1927  

( Fig. 19 View FIGURE 19 )

Localities: Skaftö, Bohuslän (N 58 º 14 ’ 39 ’’; E 11 º 27 ’ 16 ’’), July 24, 2009. Material: 2 specimens.

TL, 190–192 µm; FL, 30–32 µm; AL, 21–22 µm; PhL, 39–40 µm; MD, 8 µm; CW, ~ 17 µm; TNC, 12–13; DC, 6–7; DR, 20–22; VLC, 6; HS, 3– 5 x 4–5 µm; NS, 5 x 5 µm; DS, 10– 12 x 10–11 µm; HSp, 7–9 µm; NSp, 9–11 µm; DSp, 20–30 µm; VC, 18–19; VR, ~ 55–60.

Head five-lobed with two pairs of cephalic sensory ciliary tufts. Epi- and hypopleurae well developed. Hypostomium developed as a weak gently curved plate. Two pairs of dorsal sensory bristles, posterior pair inserted at U 82. Furca tong-shaped with adhesive tubes constituting 2 / 3 of the total furca length. Dorsal surface of head- and neck region covered by smaller crescent-shaped to rounded scales. Most of dorsal trunk surface covered by large rounded to slightly heart-shaped scales with curved simple spines. Spines abruptly end approximately 2 / 3 – 3 / 4 down the trunk region. Scales posterior to this boundary are of different shape: the anteriormost are similar to the spined scales but only possess a keel, which does not reach the anterior end of the scale. Further down towards the caudal incision scales get smaller and more elongated and the keel can extend from the posterior to the anterior part of the scale. Scales of the one or two posteriormost rows with spines, which can be observed dorsally between the furcal appendages. Additionally, two pairs of parafurcal spines present.

Scales of the ventrolateral area are similar to those of the dorsal surface. Ventral interciliary area covered by numerous elliptical partly keeled scales. The scales in the posteriormost row of the interciliary area have fine short spines that can be seen ventrally between the furcal appendages.

Mouth subterminal. Pharynx short and relatively wide. PhIJ at U 24–25. Intestine straight with anus at U 83–84.

The Swedish specimens were in parthenogenetic phase and conformed to literature data.

Previously reported from Germany (Remane, 1927), Great Britain (Martin, 1981), Poland (e.g. Kisielewski, 1974), Romania (Rudescu 1967) and Brazil (Kisielewski 1991).