Poecilimon (Poecilimon) canakkale Kaya, Chobanov et Çıplak, 2015

Chobanov, Dragan P., Kaya, Sarp & Çiplak, Battal, 2015, Contribution to the taxonomy of Poecilimon bosphoricus species group (Orthoptera: Phaneropteridae): two new species from its core range, Zootaxa 3964 (1), pp. 63-76 : 70-74

publication ID

https://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3964.1.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F4EAA42E-400A-41F7-8EAF-1E56B2132384

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5618530

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/C14B87F6-8F2B-FFF8-FF55-1CC7B4CDFE92

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Poecilimon (Poecilimon) canakkale Kaya, Chobanov et Çıplak
status

sp. n.

Poecilimon (Poecilimon) canakkale Kaya, Chobanov et Çıplak , sp. n.

http://lsid.speciesfile.org/urn:lsid: Orthoptera .speciesfile.org:TaxonName: 470141 Figs 5 View FIGURES 1 – 7 , 12 View FIGURES 8 – 13 , 18 View FIGURES 16 – 19 , 25–27 View FIGURES 24 – 27 , 28 View FIGURE 28

Material. Holotype male, Turkey (Asia), Biga Peninsula, Çanakkale prov., Çan–Biga, 40.0872 ° N, 27.1511 ° E, 68 m alt., 25.06. 2012, S. Kaya & B. Çıplak leg., AUZM. Paratypes: 27 ♂♂, 31 ♀♀, same locality & 9 km E of Biga, 40.261 ° N, 27.359 ° E, 47 m alt., 25.06. 2012, S. Kaya & B. Çıplak leg., AUZM; E of Çanakkale , 40.1396 ° N, 26.5046 ° E, 39 m alt., 25.06. 2012, S. Kaya & B. Çıplak leg., AUZM. Additional localities: 2 ♂♂, Turkey (Asia), Biga Peninsula, Çanakkale prov., 30 km W of Çan, 40.0285 ° N, 26.7864 ° E, 39 m alt., 4.06. 2014, D. Chobanov leg., CC; near Muratlar vill., 39.9413 ° N, 26.8072 ° E, 340 m alt., 5.07. 2011, song recordings by S. Kaya & B. Çıplak.

Description and a diagnosis. Morphology ( Figs 5 View FIGURES 1 – 7 , 12 View FIGURES 8 – 13 ) typical for the P. bosphoricus species group with the body shape, size and colouration resembling mostly those of the species in Subgroup 2 ( P. warchalowskae , P. turcicus and P. athos Tilmans, F. Willemse et L. Willemse, 1989 ; the last was given within Subgroup 1 in Kaya et al. 2012, but see Discussion section below). Morphology and colouration as in P. warchalowskae , except for the following differences. Male pronotum ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 1 – 7 A, B) shorter, usually less than 5 mm in length (in P. warchalowskae over 5 mm), exposing larger part of tegmina. Male stridulatory row is very similar to those of P. athos , P. warchalowskae and P. turcicus , bearing 89–107 teeth. Male cerci ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 1 – 7 C, D) almost straight to the last fourth, which is incurved forming an almost right angle with the proximal part; the tip is generally narrower with long external row of 3–7 large teeth and short internal row of 2–4 teeth, separated by a similar in size medial tooth; the outer (external) row is straight (convex in P. warchalowskae ) and the inner row is oblique sloping to the tip. In general the apex of male cerci resembles those of P. proximus ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 1 – 7 D) and P. scythicus (see Kaya et al. 2012: Fig. 78) but the overall habitus and song of those species are distinct (compare this paper and Kaya et al. 2012). The cerci of P. canakkale are similar to those of P. athos (see Tilmans et al. 1989: Fig. 4 View FIGURES 1 – 7 ), yet, in the latter the cerci are overall stouter, less curved and with a very wide apex. Male subgenital plate ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 1 – 7 E) with an apical constriction, resembling in shape that of P. turcicus ( Fig. 3 View FIGURES 1 – 7 E), but shorter than in the latter, and that of P. athos (compare with Tilmans et al. 1989: Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1 – 7 ). The lamellae of the ovipositor are very similar to those of P. warchalowskae (compare Figs 11 View FIGURES 8 – 13 A, B and 12 A, B) and P. a t ho s (see Tilmans et al. 1989: Fig. 5 View FIGURES 1 – 7 ), being shorter than in P. warchalowskae and with longer ventro-lateral process in P. athos . Female ovipositor is shorter than in P. warchalowskae (usually shorter than 9 mm, while in P. warchalowskae it is longer than 9.2 mm), but fits the length of the ovipositor of P. athos .

Measurements. See Table 1 View TABLE 1 .

Bioacoustics ( Table 2 View TABLE 2 ). Male calling song can be classified as typical for Subgroup 2 (see Kaya et al. 2012). It is more variable than the song of P. turciae , P. turcicus and P. warchalowskae with significant inter-individual variation in the number and period of the impulses of both parts of the syllable (see Table 2 View TABLE 2 ) and thus different individuals show syllable pattern similar to one of these species. The average values of the number of impulses in the first syllable part is most similar to those of P. turciae but the number of impulses in the second part is usually much higher and thus at similar temperature in P. canakkale the second part is longer. In some specimens the first part of the syllable may be reduced or even absent. Main song frequencies lie between 20 / 22 and 32 kHz with peaks observed at 28–30 kHz (thus being higher than in P. warchalowskae ).

Cercal teeth number Stridulatory

Species Sex Pronotum Hindfemur Ovipositor Outer row Mid tooth Inner row teeth 21.1 ‾ 46.6 2.9 ‾ 5.4

195 ‾ 397 169 ‾ 360 21 ‾ 57 6 ‾ 12 6 ‾ 14

24 ‾ lοw 34.8 ± 5.8; 3.6 ± 0.69;

turciae— A∶ Iznik I⁄II 332 ± 38; 337 296 ± 41; 298 35 ± 8; 35 9 ± 1; 8 11 ± 2; 11

25 °C << 0.25 35.7 3.5

n= 38 n= 38 n= 38 n= 38 n= 38 n= 38 n= 38

15.5 ‾ 25.4 2.5 ‾ 3.8

307 ‾ 451 264 ‾ 411 21 ‾ 50 14 ‾ 21 8 ‾ 16

warchalowskae— E∶ 24 ‾ lοw 21.0± 2.9; 3.1 ± 0.3;

II 397 ± 36; 404 357 ± 37; 359 40 ± 6; 40 17 ± 2; 17 14 ± 2; 14

Sarkοy 25 °C <0.5 21.8 3.1

n= 40 n= 40 n= 40 n= 40 n= 40 n= 40 n= 40

11.6 ‾64.0 2.3 ‾ 6.4

122 ‾ 390 (0) 57 ‾ 350 35 ‾ 82 1 ‾ 20 2 ‾ 29

canakkale -A∶ Can‾ 24 ‾ lοw 36.1 ± 12.6; 3.2 ± 0.9;

II 274 ± 53; 292 217 ± 60; 229 57 ± 12; 60 7 ± 4; 6 20 ± 7; 23

Biga 25 °C <0.5 34.5 2.8

n= 79 n= 79 n= 79 n= 79 n= 79 n= 79 n= 79 Legend (terms arranged by their οrder in the table)∶ E -Eurοpean side οf the Bοsphοrus; A -Asian side οf the Bοsphοrus; Type -sοng type accοrding tο Kaya et al. (2012); Air C— air temperature during recοrding (°C); SRR -syllables repetitiοn rate (s - 1); SL -length οf syllables (ms); Part 1 -length οf the first part οf the syllable (if recοgnizable)); Part 2 -length οf the secοnd part οf the syllable (if recοgnizable) (ms); IN 1 -number οf impulses in the first syllable part; IN 2 -number οf impulses in the secοnd syllable; IP 1 -average per syllable impulse periοd οf the first syllable part (ms); IP 2 -average per syllable impulse periοd οf the impulses οf the secοnd syllable part (ms); n - number. Measurements, when apprοpriate, given in the fοllοwing οrder∶ Minimal value-Maximal value, (Average ± Standard deviatiοn; Median), Number.

Characters that best diagnοse a cοuple οf taxa frοm each οther οr characterize a single species are bοrdered with a thick black line.

single measurement. Fοr details at 26 °C and cοmparisοns with οther taxa see Kaya et al. (2012).

Distribution ( Fig. 28 View FIGURE 28 ) and ecology. P. canakkale occurs in the northern part of the Biga Peninsula, representing the nothwesternmost part of Anatolia, where it is possibly parapatric with P. sureyanus / diversus and P. turcicus . It inhabits mesophytic and mesoxerophytic grass and shrub associations.

Etymology. The name ' canakkale ' is a direct use of the name of the province Çanakkale (spelled as 'chanakkale' in Turkish) that supposedly covers the range of this new species.

TABLE 1. Morphological measurements of Poecilimon turciae, Poecilimon warchalowskae and Poecilimon sp. n.

. turciae male 4.6–5.9 5.4±0.5 n=10 14.2–16.7 15.7±0.8 n=10 6–11 8±1 n=20 1–3 3 n=20 70–90 79±7 n=10
female 5.3–6.2 5.7±0.3 n=10 16.8–18.3 17.6±0.5 n=10 9.4–10.1 9.7±0.3 n=10
. warchalowskae male 5.0–5.8 5.3±0.3 n=10 14.4–16.4 15.5±0.8 n=10 6–13 9±2 n=20 1 4–8 6±1 n=20 86–104 93±6 n=10
female 5.0–5.5 5.2±02 n=10 15.9–17.5 16.6±0.5 n=10 9.2–10.1 9.6±0.3 n=10
. canakkale male 4.5–5.2 4.9±0.2 n=10 14.0–15.8 15.0±0.5 n=10 3–7 5±1 n=20 1 2–4 3±1 n=20 89–107 98±7 n=10
female 4.2–5.7 4.7±0.5 n=10 14.9–18.2 16.8±1.2 n=10 8.4–9.4 8.8±0.3 n=10

TABLE 2. Sοng measurements οf Poecilimon warchalowskae and Poecilimon sp. n. and their sympatric taxa οf the Poecilimon bosphoricus grοup at twο different temperatures.

Species -location Type Air T°C SRR SL Part 1 Part 2 IN 1 IN 2 IP 1 IP 2
P. sureyanus / anatolicus *-E∶ Elmali I 17°C lοw <<0.25 951 926 25 13 4 71 8
P. warchalowskae— E∶ Sarkοy II 17°C lοw <0.5 508‾884 707±100; 745 n=21 411‾817 633±108; 673 n=21 53‾100 74±14; 74 n=21 11‾24 13‾18 17±4; 17 16±1; 16 n=21 n=21 28.3‾46.9 3.9‾6.2 36.8±5.0; 4.8±0.6; 36.1 4.8 n=21 n=21
P. turcicus -E∶ Mandrakοy II 17°C lοw <0.25 632‾903 782±74; 793 n=18 554‾758 675±56; 6723 n=18 59‾143 107±25; 118 n=18 13‾19 10‾21 16±2; 17 17±1; 18 n=18 n=18 32.6‾53.3 6.1‾8.1 41.5±6.0; 6.7±0.5; 41.0 6.7 n=18 n=18
P. miramae -E∶ Mandrakοy III 17°C high ≥1 103‾134 120±8; 122 n=21 42‾47 45±1; 45 n=21 2.3‾3.1 2.7±0.2; 2.7 n=21