Heteropsylla fusca Crawford, 1914

Halbert, Susan E. & Burckhardt, Daniel, 2020, The psyllids (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) of Florida: newly established and rarely collected taxa and checklist, Insecta Mundi 2020 (788), pp. 1-88: 49

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Heteropsylla fusca Crawford, 1914


Heteropsylla fusca Crawford, 1914  

( Fig. 147 View Figures 139–148 )

Materials examined. USA: Florida: Miami-Dade County: Homestead, Fruit and Spice Park, Haematoxylum campechianum   (five collections, FSCA, slide and dry mounted). A specimen also was intercepted in a garden on a cruise ship docked in Broward County at Port Everglades ( FSCA # E2011-3699) ( FSCA, slide mounted).

Diagnosis. This is the only Florida species in which non-teneral specimens have darkened forewings and thorax. See the key above for additional genitalic features.

Distribution. Neotropics ( Costa Rica, Colombia, many Caribbean islands, Mexico), Pacific islands (Hawaii, Mariana Islands), western USA (California) ( Ouvrard 2020), USA (FL) ( Halbert 2003a).

Host plants. Haematoxylum   L. spp. ( Fabaceae   ). Our collections indicate the Florida host is Haematoxylum campechianum   L. A consistent population can be found on the H . campechianum   tree at the Fruit and Spice Park in Homestead, FL (Miami-Dade County) (FSCA#s E2003-560, 2156, 2542, E2004-2064, E2005-2469).

Comments. It was thought that Heteropsylla fusca   was reported in Florida ( Muddiman et al. 1992) based on a specimen at the United States National Museum (USNM) from “Arrocera, Florida,” collected in April 1957 by “J. Acuna.” However, this location is in Florida, Camaguey Province, Cuba. Julian Acuña, who worked in Cuba, is the collector, and “Arrocera” probably refers to a rice field (Robert E. Woodruff, FSCA, personal communication, 2011). Thus, ours is the first Florida ( USA) record. Evidently, the species is native to the Caribbean but has become established in the Pacific islands and California.


Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology