Leptopilina maia Lue & Buffington

Lue, Chia-Hua, Driskell, Amy C., Leips, Jeff & Buffington, Matthew L., 2016, Review of the genus Leptopilina (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Figitidae, Eucoilinae) from the Eastern United States, including three newly described species, Journal of Hymenoptera Research 53, pp. 35-76: 58-59

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/jhr.53.10369

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:C5434965-84B2-445C-9F11-DE63DD74F6DA

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/B205D950-8295-4267-88E1-9793D2134B21

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:B205D950-8295-4267-88E1-9793D2134B21

treatment provided by

Journal of Hymenoptera Research by Pensoft

scientific name

Leptopilina maia Lue & Buffington
status

sp. n.

Leptopilina maia Lue & Buffington   sp. n.

Diagnosis.

Leptopilina maia   (Figs 44-45 View Figure 44–45 ) is the second most common species in our collections and shares similar morphological characters with both Leptopilina clavipes   and Leptopilina leipsi   . In Leptopilina maia   , the M vein is represented by a relatively clear trace vein that can be seen on the wing (arrow, Fig. 27 View Figures 23–27 ). In Leptopilina clavipes   and Leptopilina leipsi   this trace vein is absent (Figs 24 View Figures 23–27 , 26 View Figures 23–27 ). Leptopilina maia   (Fig. 31 View Figures 28–33 ) also has a deep impression on posterior margin of the metapleuron like Leptopilina clavipes   (Fig. 23 View Figures 23–27 ) but the edge of posterior metapleuron is clear and the impression not connected to the propodeum.

Description.

Coloration with head, mesosoma, metasoma black to dark brown, legs light brown. Malar sulcus present, with adjacent groove. Apical segment of maxillary palp 1-1.5 times as long as preceding segment. Terminal flagellomere with one basiconic sensillum. Basiconic sensillae present on F1, F2, and F5-F11. Placoidal sensilla present on F5-11. Number of ridges on pronotal plate in lateral view 2. Sculpture on mesoscutum absent, with sparse long hairs. Dorsal surface of scutellum foveate-areolet. Circumscutellar carina present, complete, delimiting dorsal and ventral halves of scutellum. Latero-ventral margin of scutellum posterior to axillula entirely smooth. Dorsal part of scutellum entirely areolate. Scutellar plate, in dorsal view, small or medium sized, exposing small part of scutellum. Posterior impression of metepimeron present but not well defined. Anterior impression of metepisternum, immediately beneath anterior end of metapleural carina, present, small and narrow. Wing vein M present but not well defined. Inter propodeal carinae space setose, too dense to see underlying surface. Horizontal carina running anteriorly from lateral propodeal carina not visible, setae too dense. Surface of petiole longitudinally costate, ventral keel absent. Setal band (hairy ring) at base of tergum 3 present, interrupted dorsally, ventrally, dense hair.

Distribution in Eastern North America.

Maine, New Hampshire, Illinois, Arkansas, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, and Florida. [http://hol.osu.edu/map-full.html?id=417662]

Etymology.

Leptopilina maia   is named in honor of the mother of the first author. The name maia means ‘mother’ in Greek form. Here we also use maia is to show our appreciation for Mother Nature and also the women who nurtured us growing up. Moreover, parasitoids, in general, are good mothers that have amazing strategies to find suitable hosts for their offspring. This name is a noun in apposition.

Material examined.

Holotype. Leptopilina maia   female: United States. MD, Baltimore Co., 39.668081°N 76.578860°W, White Hall Site, 19.VI.2012, yellow pan trap, C.-H. Lue, USNMENT01022751 (deposit in USNM) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes (6 females): United States. MD, Baltimore Co., 39.668081°N 76.578860°W, White Hall Site, 19.VI.2012, yellow pan trap, C.-H. Lue, USNMENT01022333 (deposited in USNM); 2.VII-5.VII.2013, yellow pan trap, C.-H. Lue, 00917775, 00917832 (deposited in USNM); NH, Merrimack Co. , 43.481918°N 71.647970°W, Franklin Site, 29.VII-2.VIII.2013, bait trap, C.-H. Lue, USNMENT00917642, 00917670, 00917698 (deposited in USNM) GoogleMaps   . Other material. United States. AR, Montgomery Co., Ouachita National Forest, 3.VI-4.VI.2003, yellow pan trap, R. Kula & M. Yoder (1 female, USNMENT01197540 ( NMNH)). CT, Tolland Co. , Storrs , IV-1970, F. A. Streams (1 female, USNMENT01197538 ( NMNH)). FL, Duval Co. , Jacksonville , no date (1 female, USNMENT01119105 ( USNM)). FL, Leon Co. , 30.580557°N 84.277435°W, Tallahassee Site, 29.V.2012, yellow pan trap, C.-H. Lue (1 female, USNMENT01022376 ( USNM)). Falls Church City, 1.VI.1925 (1 female, USNMENT01119118 ( USNM)). Falls Church City, 28.V.1927 (1 female, USNMENT01119122 ( NMNH)). IL, Cook Co. , Evanston, 13.VIII.1914 (1 female, USNMENT01119176 ( USNM)). IL, Cook Co. , Evanston, 17.IX.1914 (2 females, USNMENT01119133, 01119140 ( USNM)). IL, Cook Co. , on weed / by river, Evanston, 2.VIII.1914 (1 female, USNMENT01119198 ( USNM)). IL, Lake Co. , woods, Ravinia, 9.IV.1914 (1 female, USNMENT01119196 ( USNM)). IL, McHenry Co. , Algonquin, 13.V.1896, B. Ashmead (1 female, USNMENT01119206 ( USNM)). MD, Baltimore Co. , 39.668081°N 76.578860°W, White Hall Site, 17.VI.2012, bait trap, C.-H. Lue (1 female, USNMENT00917860 ( USNM)). MD, Baltimore Co. , 39.668081°N 76.578860°W, White Hall Site, 17.VI.2012, yellow pan trap, C.-H. Lue (4 females, USNMENT01022211, 01022213, 01022423, 01022427 ( USNM)). MD, Baltimore Co. , 39.668081°N 76.578860°W, White Hall Site, 19.VI.2012, bait trap, C.-H. Lue (1 female, USNMENT00917539 ( USNM)). MD, Baltimore Co. , 39.668081°N 76.578860°W, White Hall Site, 19.VI.2012, yellow pan trap, C.-H. Lue (12 females, USNMENT01022138, 01022232, 01022345, 01022363, 01022431, 01022717, 01022796, 01022805, 01022834, 01022856 ( USNM)). MD, Baltimore Co. , 39.668081°N 76.578860°W, White Hall Site, 2.VII-5.VII.2013, yellow pan trap, C.-H. Lue (7 females, USNMENT00917728, 00917769, 00917808, 01022370, 01022391 ( USNM)). MD, Baltimore Co. , 39.668081°N 76.578860°W, White Hall Site, 20.VI.2012, yellow pan trap, C.-H. Lue (2 females, USNMENT01022164, 01022241 ( USNM)). MD, Baltimore Co. , 39.668081°N 76.578860°W, White Hall Site, 22.VI.2012, yellow pan trap, C.-H. Lue (2 females, USNMENT01022525, 01022865 ( USNM)). MD, Baltimore Co. , 39.668081°N 76.578860°W, White Hall Site, 3.VII.2013, bait trap, C.-H. Lue (1 female, USNMENT00917663 ( USNM)). MD, Calvert Co. , Warrior’s Rest Sanctuary, "Cuscuta Island", 38°31.952'N, 76°32.604'W, American Chestnut Land Trust, 12.VIII.2006, sweeping, R. Kula & M. Gates (2 females, USNMENT01197426 ( NMNH); USNMENT01119284 ( USNM)). MD, Calvert Co. , Warrior’s Rest Sanctuary, "Monster MT", 38°31 ’54.04” N 76°32 ’31.62” W, American Chestnut Land Trust, 8.VI-22.VI.2007, Malaise trap, M. Gates (1 female, USNMENT01119172 ( USNM)). MD, Calvert Co. , Warrior’s Rest Sanctuary, "North Source", 38°31 ’58.97” N 76°32 ’30.99” W, American Chestnut Land Trust, 1.IX-14.IX.2007, canopy trap, M. Gates (1 female, USNMENT01197465 ( NMNH)). MD, Calvert Co. , Warrior’s Rest Sanctuary, “Oak”, 38°32.006'N, 76°32.646'W, American Chestnut Land Trust, 12.VI-25.VI.2008, Malaise trap (2 females, USNMENT01197425, 01197432 ( NMNH)). MD, Montgomery Co. , 4mi SW Ashton, 16.VIII.1986, G. F. Hevel & J. F. Hevel (2 females, USNMENT01197501, 01197542 ( NMNH)). MD, Montgomery Co. , Cabin John, 13.VIII.1914, R. M. Fouts (1 female, USNMENT01197406 ( NMNH)). MD, Montgomery Co. , Cabin John, 26.V.1916, sweeping, R. M. Fouts (2 females, USNMENT01197512 ( NMNH); USNMENT01119260 ( USNM)). MD, Montgomery Co. , Glen Echo, 10.VI.1917, R. M. Fouts (1 female, USNMENT01119114 ( NMNH)). MD, Montgomery Co. , Plummers Island , IX-1922, J. R. Malloch (1 female, USNMENT01197562 ( USNM)). MD, Prince George's Co. , Bowie, 2.VII.1945 (1 female, USNMENT01119185 ( USNM)). MD, Prince George's Co. , Bowie, 4.VII.1945 (1 female, USNMENT01119145 ( USNM)). MD, Prince George's Co. , Bowie, 7.VI.1945 (2 females, USNMENT01119197, 01119209 ( USNM)). MD, Prince George's Co. , Bowie, 9.VI.1945 (1 female, USNMENT01119144 ( USNM)). ME, Washington Co., behind main lab building, next to mushroom refuse pile, 44.459827°N 67.932756°W, Eagle Hill Institute, 20.VIII-21.VIII.2014, yellow pan trap, M. Buffington (7 females, USNMENT01197516, 01197518, 01197520, 01197523, 01197528, 01197533, 01197544 ( NMNH)). NC, Durham Co. , 36.201 ºN 78.887 ºW ( ± 500m), Hill Demonstration Forest , 19.VIII-2.IX.2008, Malaise trap, A. R. Deans & R. L. Blinn (1 female, USNMENT01197505 ( NMNH)). NC, Haywood Co. , nr. Big Creek Ranger Station , Chestnut Trail, 1725ft, 35°45 ’42” N 83°06 ’20” W, Great Smoky Mountains National Park , 6.VII-9.VII.2004, yellow pan trap, E. G. Riley (1 female, USNMENT01197508 ( NMNH)). NH, Merrimack Co. , 43.481918°N 71.647970°W, Franklin Site, 29.VII-2.VIII.2013, yellow pan trap, C.-H. Lue (2 females, USNMENT00917648, 00917677 ( USNM)). PA, Cumberland Co. , Carlisle, 1.VII.1918, R. M. Fouts (1 female, USNMENT01119199 ( NMNH)). Riley Co. , 06-VII, F. Marlatt (3 females, USNMENT01119171, 01119192, 01119201 ( USNM)). TN, Sevier Co. , Gatlinburg, cove forest, Great Smoky Mountains National Park , 3000ft, 13.VI.1947, sweeping, R. H. Whittaker (1 female, USNMENT01197519 ( NMNH)). TN, Sevier Co. , Gatlinburg, pine-oak forest, Great Smoky Mountains National Park , 1500ft, 26.VI.1947, R. H. Whittaker (1 female, USNMENT01197503 ( NMNH)). TN, Sevier Co. , cove forest, Gatlinburg, 20.VII.1947, R. H. Whittaker (1 female, USNMENT01119111 ( USNM)). VA, Arlington Co. , Arlington, no date (3 females, USNMENT01119136, 01197529, 01197535 ( NMNH)). VA, Arlington Co. , Maywood, 4.VI.1916, W. L. McAtee (1 female, USNMENT01197498 ( NMNH)). VA, Arlington Co. , Rosslyn, 22-VI (1 female, USNMENT01119211 ( USNM)). VA, Fairfax Co. , 38°50'N, 77°12'W, nr. Annandale, 10.VI-16.VI.2006, Malaise trap, D. Smith (3 females, USNMENT01197448, 01197454, 01197481 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , 38°50'N, 77°12'W, nr. Annandale, 13.VI-19.VI.2007, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197476 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , 38°50'N, 77°12'W, nr. Annandale, 3.VI-9.VI.2007, Malaise trap, D. Smith (3 females, USNMENT01197456, 01197480, 01197483 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , 38°50'N, 77°12'W, nr. Annandale, 8.V-21.V.2006, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197482 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , 38°58'N, 77°09.6'W GoogleMaps   , Turkey Run West, 31.V-13.VI.2007, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197452 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co., 38°59.4'N, 77°15.2'W, Great Falls Park, 3.VII-17.VII.2008, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197408 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , Vienna, no date, J. C. Bridwell (1 female, USNMENT01197506 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , trap #2, 38°59.4'N, 77°15.26'W, Great Falls , 30.VI-13.VII.2006, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197457 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 10.V-16.V.2009, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197484 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 10.VIII-16.VIII.2008, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01119234 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 12.VII-18.VII.2009, Malaise trap, D. Smith (2 females, USNMENT01197488, 01197493 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 13.VII-19.VII.2008, Malaise trap, D. Smith (2 females, USNMENT01197462, 01197471 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 13.VIII-19.VIII.2008, Malaise trap, D. Smith (6 females, USNMENT01081261, 01119253, 01119256, 01119258, 01119267, 01119276 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 14.IX-20.IX.2008, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197423 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 15.V-21.V.2011, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197494 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 16.VI-29.VI.2011, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197419 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 17.VII-23.VII.2011, Malaise trap, D. Smith (3 females, USNMENT01197431, 01197436, 01197467 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 2.VIII-8.VIII.2009, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197470 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 20.VII-26.VII.2008, Malaise trap, D. Smith (4 females, USNMENT01119223, 01119246, 01119280, 01119283 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 2009, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197490 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 21.VIII-27.VIII.2011, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197416 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 22.VI-28.VI.2008, Malaise trap, D. Smith (2 females, USNMENT01119245, 01119248 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 24.V-30.V.2009, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197413 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 27.VII-2.VIII.2008, Malaise trap, D. Smith (4 females, USNMENT01197411, 01197421, 01197438, 01197444 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 29.VI-5.VII.2008, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01119298 ( USNM)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 29.VI-5.VIII.2008, Malaise trap, D. Smith (3 females, USNMENT01119231, 01119240, 01119268 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 3.VII-9.VII.2011, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197489 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 3.VIII-9.VIII.2008, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197473 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 6.VII-12.VII.2008, Malaise trap, D. Smith (14 females, USNMENT01022993, 01119227, 01119230, 01119232, 01119237, 01119242, 01119244, 01119249-01119251, 01119277, 01119285, 01119289, 01197486 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 6.VIII-12.VIII.2008, Malaise trap, D. Smith (4 females, USNMENT01119233, 01119239, 01119252, 01119269 ( NMNH)). VA, Fairfax Co. , ~ 0.25mi NE jct. Gallows Road & I-495, 38°50'N, 77°12'W, Holmes Run, 7.VI-13.VI.2009, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197466 ( NMNH)). VA, Giles Co. , Hunters Branch, 37°22 ’21.50” N 80°31 ’31.79” W, Mountain Lake Biological Station , 9.VIII-10.VIII.2009, yellow pan trap, R. Kula (4 females, USNMENT01197414, 01197429, 01197458, 01197460 ( NMNH)). VA, Prince William Co. , Jackson Hollow Recreation Area , 38°52.645'N, 77°41.374'W, Bull Run Mountains , 1.IX-30.IX.2011, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 male, USNMENT01197427 ( NMNH)). VA, Prince William Co. , Jackson Hollow Recreation Area , 38°52.645'N, 77°41.374'W, Bull Run Mountains , 11.VI-24.VI.2011, Malaise trap, D. Smith (2 females, 1 male, USNMENT01197407, 01197433, 01197474 ( NMNH)). VA, Prince William Co. , Jackson Hollow Recreation Area , 38°52.645'N, 77°41.374'W, Bull Run Mountains , 23.V-6.VI.2013, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197418 ( NMNH)). VA, Prince William Co. , Jackson Hollow Recreation Area , 38°52.645'N, 77°41.374'W, Bull Run Mountains , 29.VIII-23.IX.2013, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197420 ( NMNH)). VA, Prince William Co. , Jackson Hollow Recreation Area , stream, 38°52.645'N, 77°41.374'W, Bull Run Mountains , 13.V-27.V.2011, Malaise trap, D. Smith (2 females, USNMENT01197405, 01197415 ( NMNH)). VA, Prince William Co. , Jackson Hollow Recreation Area , stream, 38°52.645'N, 77°41.374'W, Bull Run Mountains , 22.VII-9.VIII.2011, Malaise trap, D. Smith (4 males, USNMENT01197410, 01197446, 01197487, 01197492 ( NMNH)). VA, Prince William Co. , Jackson Hollow Recreation Area , stream, 38°52.645'N, 77°41.374'W, Bull Run Mountains , 25.VI-7.VII.2011, Malaise trap, D. Smith (4 males, USNMENT01197400-01197401, 01197409, 01197417 ( NMNH)). VA, Prince William Co. , Jackson Hollow Recreation Area , stream, 38°52.645'N, 77°41.374'W, Bull Run Mountains , 7.VII-25.VII.2013, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197402 ( NMNH)). VA, Prince William Co. , Jackson Hollow Recreation Area , stream, 38°52.645'N, 77°41.374'W, Bull Run Mountains , 8.VII-21.VII.2011, Malaise trap, D. Smith (3 females, 9 males, USNMENT01197422, 01197435, 01197437, 01197439, 01197443, 01197447, 01197455, 01197463, 01197468-01197469, 01197472, 01197475 ( NMNH)). VA, Rappahannock Co. , 38.73817°N 78.15918°W, The Farm at Sunnyside, 30.VIII-13.IX.2014, SLAM trap, Kula et al. (1 female, USN MENT 01197440 ( NMNH)). WV, Hardy Co. , 38°55'N, 78°49'W, 3mi NE Mathias, 1.VIII-18.VIII.2008, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197500 ( NMNH)). WV, Hardy Co. , 38°55'N, 78°49'W, 3mi NE Mathias, 24.IV-13.V.2008, Malaise trap, D. Smith (1 female, USNMENT01197522 ( NMNH)). Washington, 30-VI (1 female, USNMENT01119123 ( USNM)). Washington, 9.VIII.1917 (1 female, USNMENT01119098 ( USNM)). Washington, no date (1 female, USNMENT01119121 ( NMNH)) GoogleMaps   .