Ocotea zahamenensis van der Werff

Werff, Henk Van Der, 2013, A revision of the genus Ocotea Aubl. (Lauraceae) in Madagascar and the Comoro Islands, Adansonia (3) 35 (2), pp. 235-279: 273-274

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5252/a2013n2a5

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scientific name

Ocotea zahamenensis van der Werff


35. Ocotea zahamenensis van der Werff   , sp. nov. ( Figs 14 View FIG , 5 View FIG )

Ocoteae perforatae similis   , sed ramulis gemmisque terminalibus pubescentibus, domatiis axillis venarum lateralium restrictis recedit.

TYPUS. — Madagascar, Toamasina, Parc National de Zahamena , Manakambahiny-Est, 17°38’25   S, 48°38’34’’E, 989 m, 27.III.2000   , fl., S. Randrianasolo   , T. Razafindrabeaza   , L. M. Randrianjanaka   & A. Razakanirina 155 (holo-, P [ P00713426]; iso-, MO [2299153])   .

PARATYPES. — Madagascar. Antananarivo. c. 7 km E of Anjozorobe, Lowry & Randrianasolo 4387 ( MO, P [ P01977631])   ; Toamasina. Parc National de Mantady , Rahajasoa et al. 167 ( MO, P [ P01977630], TAN)   ; Toamasina, Moramanga, Commune Ambohibary, 22 km NE de Moramanga, Rakotovao et al. 1287 ( MO, P [ P06837194])   ; Toamasina, PN de Zahamena, Rokotondrajaona 148 ( MO, P [ P01977626])   ; Toamasina, c. 15 km NE of Moramanga, Phelps Dodge project site, Rakotomalaza 1082 ( MO, P [ P01977629])   ; Taomasina, Route Analamy Rakotomalaza et al. 1328 (MO, P).

DISTRIBUTION. — This species is known from the middle and upper eastern slopes from Ranomafana to Zahamena between 900 and 1500 m altitude.

PHENOLOGY. — Flowering: February; fruiting: May to October.


Trees, 9- 15 m. Twigs terete, densely grey or brown appressed pubescent, the indument wearing off

with age; terminal buds densely pubescent. Leaves 5-10 × 2.5-4.3 cm, firmly chartaceous, alternate, elliptic to broadly elliptic, glabrous or with a few scattered, appressed hairs when young, base obtuse to acute, apex acute, lower surface densely and minutely gland-dotted, lateral veins c. 5 on each side, immersed and only faintly visible, reticulation weakly raised on the lower surface, not visible on upper surface, domatia consisting of pits in the axils of the lowermost lateral veins, glabrous, not present on all leaves. Petioles 1-1.5 cm, flat or shallowly canaliculate. Inflorescences 4-7 cm long, laxly branched, paniculate-cymose, sparsely pubescent, mostly in the axils of deciduous bracts. Flowers green or white-yellow, 5-6 mm in diameter, tepals 6, equal, 2 mm long, moderately to densely pubescent outside, pubescent inside, spreading at anthesis; stamens 9, all 4-celled, 1.5 mm long, the filaments pubescent, half as long as the mostly glabrous anthers, staminodia stipitiform, 1 mm long, pubescent, glands present at the base of the inner stamens; pistil 2.5 mm long, glabrous, ovary 1 mm long, stigma discoid, receptacle deeply cupshaped, appressed pubescent inside. Fruit, when young, completely enclosed in the cupule, larger immature fruit 1 × 1 cm, ¾ enclosed in the cupule.


Ocotea zahamenensis   sp. nov. is known from several collections along the upper part of the wet eastern slope of Madagascar. It is characterized by the conspicuous domatia in the axils of the basal lateral veins, the appressed indument on the twigs and terminal buds and its pinnate venation. Somewhat similar species are O. perforata   , which has glabrous twigs and terminal buds and which has pit domatia along the lateral veins, O. foveolata   , which has tripliveined leaves and O. humbertii   and O. tsaratananensis   , both of which have an erect, pilose indument along the young twigs and inflorescences. Ocotea tsaratananensis   also differs in the presence of close, conspicuous bract scars at the beginning of seasonal growth; such conspicuous scars are lacking in O. zahamenensis   sp. nov. All are species of higher altitudes. Provisionally placed here are three collections from Fianarantsoa: one from Parc National de Andingitra (Messmer & Randrambololona NM 877) with somewhat larger leaves; it has a mature fruit, 3 × 2 cm, and a cupule 2 cm wide and 1 cm deep and two sterile collections (Kotozafy et al. 890 and 892) from the National Park Ranomafana near Vohiparara.

Incompletely known species


Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History


Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics


Nationaal Herbarium Nederland, Leiden University branch


Botanische Staatssammlung München


Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris (MNHN) - Vascular Plants


Missouri Botanical Garden


Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh


Parc de Tsimbazaza


University of New England