Protaphis kvavadzei Barjadze and Özdemir, Barjadze and Ozdemir, 2014

Barjadze, Shalva, Özdemir, Işil & Blackman, Roger, 2014, Two new species of Aphidini Latreille, 1802 (Hemiptera: Aphididae) from Turkey, Zootaxa 3873 (2), pp. 187-194: 188-191

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3873.2.6

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:5A4D73E5-4061-419F-B91F-609B4B45AD82

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5618446

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/CB19380B-FF91-FFF9-53F8-49CB26AFEB11

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Protaphis kvavadzei Barjadze and Özdemir
status

sp. n.

Protaphis kvavadzei Barjadze and Özdemir   sp. n.

( Figures 1–13 View FIGURES 1 – 13 , Table 1 View TABLE 1 )

Material examined. Holotype: apterous viviparous female, slide N BM 1984 - 340 t 13, specimen No. 4 (specimen in the centre of coverslip), Central Turkey, Ankara Province, Balâ district, Beynam village, N 39 0 41 /, E 32 0 54 /, 1206 m a.s.l., 18.VIII. 1977; on Eryngium campestre   , leg. D. Hille Ris Lambers; Paratypes: 6 apterous and 2 alate females on two slides, the same data as for holotype. Type specimens are deposited at the Natural History Museum in London ( BMNH). A search for more specimens in 2014 in the type locality was unsuccessful.

Etymology. The specific name is given in honor of Dr. Eristo Kvavadze, who was supervisor of the first author.

Description. Apterous viviparous females (7 specimens / 1 sample)

Color in living specimens: unknown. Color on slide: ANT I and VI brown; ANT II and V dusky; ANT III pale or with dusky apices; ANT IV pale or dusky, head brown; II segment of rostrum pale, while III–IV segments are brown; coxae and trochanters brown; basal halves of femora pale, apical halves brown; tibiae pale except brown apices; tarsi brown (fig. 12); SIPH and cauda brown; subgenital and anal plates brown; ABD TERG VII–VIII without pigmented bands; presiphuncular and postsiphuncular sclerites absent; ABD TERG I–V with brown intersegmental muscles sclerites; sometimes on some tergites in front of SIPH small marginal sclerites present; on some tergites of ABD TERG II–VII small spinal sclerites are developed (fig. 1 a).

Morphological characters: body oval (fig. 1 a); BW 0.56–0.67 × BL. ANT 6 -segmented (fig. 2). PT 0.76–0.97 × ANT VI b. ANT III and IV with 0–6 and 0–3 sec. rhin. respectively, distributed on apical parts of segments (figs. 4, 6). Antennal tubercles undeveloped and median tubercle absent. Number of hairs on each ANT segment: ANT I 4–6, ANT II 4–6, ANT III 2–5, ANT IV 2–3, ANT V 2–3, ANT VI b 2–3, PT 0 (additional). The front of the head is convex, with a distinct pattern of reticulation (fig. 1 b). Rostrum reaches to the hind coxae. URS pointed with concave sides (fig. 11), its length 1.34–1.70 × ANT VI b and 1.12–1.30 × HT II. Posterior hair on hind trochanter 0.17–0.28 × diameter of trochantro-femoral suture. FTC: 3: 3: 2. Dorsum of body finely reticulated, dorsum of abdomen with reticulation pattern comprising small cells with irregular edges (fig. 10). ABD TERG I and VII with small to medium-sized mammariform or finger-like MTu (17–36 µm of diameter). ABD TERG II–VI without MTu. Diameter of MTu on ABD TERG I 0.81–1.71 × ANT III BD and 0.59–1.53 × diameter of MTu on ABD TERG VII. Diameter of MTu on ABD TERG VII 0.85–1.89 × ANT III BD and 0.27–0.69 × basal width of SIPH. SIPH truncate conical with sides distinctly concave towards the base, and several distinct rows of finely spinulose imbrications before small flange (fig. 10), 0.40–0.52 × cauda. ABD TERG VIII with 6–9 hairs. Subgenital plate, oval, sclerotic, with spinulose imbrications and bearing 4–10 hairs on the anterior disc and 11–16 hairs on the posterior margin (fig. 9). Cauda triangular, rounded at apex and constricted and sclerotised at base, bearing long and curved 15–18 hairs and numerous strong dark spinules (fig. 13). Morphometric data are given in Table 1 View TABLE 1 .

...... continued on the next page Alate viviparous females (2 specimens / 1 sample)

Color in living specimens: unknown. Color on slide: Head and all antennal segments, thorax, rostrum, coxae, trochanters, SIPH, subgenital and anal plates and cauda brown, femurs brown except basal parts; tibiae pale except brown apices; tarsi brown; ABD TERG I–V with brown intersegmental muscles sclerites; ABD TERG VI with single small spinal sclerite; ABD TERG II–IV with small marginal sclerites; presiphuncular and postsiphuncular sclerites absent; ABD TERG VII–VIII without dark bands (figs. 3, 7).

Body oval (fig. 7). ANT 6 -segmented. PT 0.85–0.91 × ANT VI b. ANT III with 12–19 sec. rhin., varying in size and scattered on outer side along the whole length of segment (fig. 5), ANT IV with 2–3 sec. rhin. (fig. 8), ANT V with 0 sec. rhin. Number of hairs on each ANT segment: ANT I 4, ANT II 4, ANT III 4–6, ANT IV 3, ANT V 2–3, ANT VI b 2–3, PT 0 (additional). URS pointed, with 2 accessory hairs, its length 1.32–1.43 × ANT VI b and 1.08–1.11 × HT II. Posterior hair on hind trochanter 0.18–0.28 × diameter of trochantro-femoral suture. FTC: 3: 3: 2. ABD TERG II–VI without marginal tubercles. SIPH and subgenital plate as in apterous females. SIPH 0.43–0.45 × cauda. ABD TERG VIII with 6–7 hairs. Subgenital plate with 7–8 hairs on the anterior disc and 14 hairs on the posterior margin. Cauda bluntly conical, somewhat constricted at base, with 16 hairs. Morphometric data are given in Table 1 View TABLE 1 .

Biology. Presumably this species lives on basal parts of the plant and is attended by ants, but no information has been recorded, and a search of the type locality for more specimens in July 2014 was unsuccessful. The life cycle is unknown.

Distribution. Only known from the type locality in Beynam village, Balâ district, Ankara Province, Central Turkey.

TABLE 1. Measurements and ratios of Protaphis kvavadzei sp. n. and Aphis matricariae sp. n. (Measurements are given in mm).

  Protaphis kvavadzei   Aphis matricariae  
  apterous females alate females apterous females alate females
Measurements:    
BL 1.471–1.914 1.413–1.528 1.249–1.593 1.679–1.682
ANT 0.461–0.561 0.581–0.600 0.821–0.930 1.365–1.391
ANT I 0.029–0.038 0.032–0.035 0.041–0.048 0.048–0.051
ANT II 0.042–0.049 0.043–0.045 0.044–0.051 0.055–0.072
ANT III BD 0.018–0.025 0.018–0.023 0.021–0.024 0.023–0.028
ANT III 0.127–0.179 0.206–0.215 0.220–0.245 0.326–0.343
Longest hair on ANT III 0.007–0.010 0.008–0.010 0.014–0.016 0.015–0.017
ANT IV 0.053–0.065 0.056–0.069 0.126–0.156 0.250–0.251
ANT V 0.060–0.067 0.060–0.070 0.127–0.138 0.220–0.228
ANT VI b 0.080–0.101 0.088–0.097 0.097–0.107 0.141–0.150
Longest hair on ANT VI b 0.008–0.011 0.008–0.009 0.011–0.014 0.013–0.016
PT 0.066–0.088 0.078–0.082 0.160–0.203 0.291–0.330
Length of longest frontal hairs 0.010–0.013 0.010–0.012 0.025–0.036 0.033–0.039
HW 0.334–0.404 0.373–0.385 0.376–0.412 0.393–0.407
URS 0.132–0.136 0.126–0.128 0.087–0.098 0.091–0.101
Width of URS 0.056–0.077 0.057 0.057–0.062 0.064–0.072
Length of posterior hair on    
the hind trochanter 0.008–0.011 0.007–0.010 0.035–0.055 0.030–0.040
HFEM 0.257–0.307 0.293–0.300 0.376–0.404 0.485–0.528
HTIB 0.421–0.529 0.549–0.563 0.673–0.698 0.931–1.022
HT II 0.105–0.121 0.114–0.118 0.101–0.116 0.129–0.134
Longest hair on ABD TERG III 0.009–0.011 0.009 0.019–0.023 0.023
SIPH 0.041–0.054 0.045–0.049 0.120–0.148 0.186–0.199
Basal width of SIPH 0.048–0.066 0.047–0.051 0.060–0.071 0.050–0.062
Longest hair on ABD TERG VIII 0.015–0.022 0.018 0.021–0.026 0.032–0.036
Length of cauda 0.102–0.111 0.105–0.109 0.174–0.193 0.166–0.175
Basal width of cauda 0.105–0.120 0.100 0.093–0.151 0.106–0.111
Ratios:    
ANT/BL 0.26–0.38 0.38–0.42 0.57–0.73 0.81–0.83
PT/ANT VI b 0.76–0.97 0.85–0.91 1.65–2.04 1.94–2.34
PT/ANT III 0.45–0.54 0.36–0.39 0.73–0.83 0.85–1.01
PT/HW 0.18–0.24 0.20–0.22 0.41–0.52 0.71–0.84
ANT VI b/ANT III 0.51–0.69 0.41–0.46 0.41–0.44 0.43–0.44
ANT VI b/HW 0.21–0.27 0.23–0.26 0.25–0.26 0.36–0.37
ANT V/ANT VI b 0.64–0.82 0.65–0.77 1.29–1.36 1.52–1.56
ANT V/ANT III 0.35–0.49 0.28–0.34 0.55–0.58 0.66–0.67
ANT IV/ANT III 0.31–0.47 0.26–0.33 0.55–0.66 0.73–0.77
ANT III/BL 0.07–0.12 0.14–0.15 0.15–0.19 0.19–0.20
ANT III/SIPH 2.82–3.95 4.20–4.78 1.53–1.92 1.67–1.82
Longest hair on ANT III/    
ANT III BD 0.35–0.50 0.35–0.56 0.61–0.71 0.61–0.65
Cephalic frontal hairs/    
ANT III BD 0.44–0.72 0.52–0.67 1.09–1.50 1.39–1.43
URS/its basal width 1.71–2.41 2.21 1.47–1.63 1.26–1.58
URS/ANT VI b 1.34–1.70 1.32–1.43 0.90–0.97 0.61–0.72
URS/HW 0.33–0.40 0.33–0.34 0.22–0.25 0.22–0.26
URS/HT II 1.12–1.30 1.08–1.11 0.84–0.87 0.71–0.75
URS/SIPH 2.50–3.32 2.61–2.80 0.63–0.78 0.49–0.51
HFEM/BL 0.15–0.20 0.19–0.21 0.25–0.30 0.29–0.31
HFEM/HW 0.68–0.83 0.77–0.79 0.98–1.04 1.19–1.34
HTIB/BL 0.24–0.33 0.36–0.39 0.44–0.55 0.55–0.61
HT II/HW 0.28–0.32 0.30–0.32 0.26–0.28 0.32–0.34