Silene striata Ehrenb. ex Rohrb., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 25: 83. 1867.

Eggens, Frida, Jafari, Farzaneh, Thollesson, Mikael, Crameri, Simon, Zarre, Shahin & Oxelman, Bengt, 2020, Phylogeny and species delimitation in Silene sect. Arenosae (Caryophyllaceae): a new section, PhytoKeys 159, pp. 1-34 : 1

publication ID

persistent identifier

treatment provided by

PhytoKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Silene striata Ehrenb. ex Rohrb., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 25: 83. 1867.


7. Silene striata Ehrenb. ex Rohrb., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 25: 83. 1867.


[Syria], In der Ebene von Baalbek in Syrien, C.G. Ehrenberg (no specimen traced); (neotype, designated here: [Syria] Antiliban, entre la Sahara et Dimas (Al-Dimas), 9 June 1868, C. Gaillardot 1643 as S. kotschyi G-BOIS! [G00544635]).


10.0-20.0 cm tall, erect. Stem with sessile glands in central and upper parts; with 3-5 distinct internodes. Cauline leaves linear 20.0 × 2.0 mm. Calyx 12.0-13.0 mm long, campanulate at anthesis and clavate in fruit, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; teeth unequal; shorter ones 1.0-1.5 mm, lanceolate, acuminate; longer ones 2.0-3.5 mm, lanceolate, acuminate; marginal hairs long (longer than 0.5 mm), dense. Inflorescence non-divaricate, branch axile (much) less than 90°. Petal claws 6.0-6.5 mm long, ciliate; limbs 6.0 mm long, bifid to less than half, upper-surface pink, lobes oblong, petal limbs cleft to middle or more, divergent; coronal scales 2.0 mm long, ovate, apex entire. Anthophore ca 5.5 mm long, puberulent. Anthers exserted; filaments glabrous. Styles exserted. First pedicel 1-2 cm in flower, 2-3 cm in fruit, erect or spreading, apex antrorse. Capsule 6.0-8.0 mm, oblong, fragile, opaque. Seeds unknown.


Syria, Lebanon (Fig. 7 View Figure 7 ).


This species is distinguished by its small size, rather short calyx (12-13 mm) and calyx teeth (2-3.5 mm), oblong or slightly obovate petal lobes and ciliate petal claws, and strongly exserted anthers and styles.

The sequences from the three different markers analyzed here are incongruently positioned in the phylogenies. In the ITS tree, this species is found in a clade including S. georgievskyi and S. chaetodonta , as sister to the latter but with moderate support (PP = 0.80, Fig. 3 View Figure 3 ). It is unresolved in a relatively large clade in the RPB2 tree, although shares a 261 bp insertion with the S. chaetodonta accessions ( S. georgievskyi sequence is missing for this marker). In the rps16 tree, S. striata is sister to the S. leyseroides clade (PP = 0.90, Fig. 4 View Figure 4 ). Morphology, geographical distribution and other molecular characteristics (e.g. the long insertion shared by S. striata and S. chaetodonta ) suggest that S. striata is more closely related to S. chaetodonta than S. leyseroides .