Glyptapanteles andybennetti Arias-Penna, sp. nov., 1904
Arias-Penna, Diana Carolina, Whitfield, James B., Janzen, Daniel H., Winifred Hallwachs,, Dyer, Lee A., Smith, M. Alex, Hebert, Paul D. N. & Fernandez-Triana, Jose L., 2019, A species-level taxonomic review and host associations of Glyptapanteles (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Microgastrinae) with an emphasis on 136 new reared species from Costa Rica and Ecuador, ZooKeys 890, pp. 1-685 : 1
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|Glyptapanteles andybennetti Arias-Penna, sp. nov.|
Body length 2.83 mm, antenna length 2.78 mm, fore wing length 2.73 mm.
Holotype: COSTA RICA • 1♀; 05-SRNP-32118, DHJPAR0004225; Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Guanacaste, Sector Pitilla, Loaiciga ; rain forest; 445 m; 11.01983, -85.41342; 15.vi.2005; Manuel Rios leg.; caterpillar collected on second instar; single beige-white cocoons formed on 07.vii.2005 and adhered to the larval cuticle; adult parasitoids emerged on 14.vii.2005; ( CNC) GoogleMaps . Paratypes. • 71 (4♀, 5♂) (42♀, 20♂); 05-SRNP-32118, DHJPAR0004225; same data as for holotype; ( CNC) GoogleMaps .
Reared material. COSTA RICA: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste, Guanacaste, Sector Santa Rosa, Bosque Humedo: • 17 (3♀, 0 ♂) (14♀, 0 ♂); 95-SRNP-11077, DHJPAR0000090; dry forest; 290 m; 10.85145, -85.60801; 14.xi.1995 GoogleMaps ; gusaneros leg.; caterpillar collected in fifth instar; each separate white elongate oval cocoons adhered tightly to larval cuticle; adult parasitoids emerged on 04.xii.1995.
Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Guanacaste, Sector El Hacha, Finca Araya: • 138 (6♀, 5♂) (122♀, 5♂); 02-SRNP-4475, DHJPAR0000030; dry forest; 295 m; 11.01541, -85.51125; 22.i.2002 GoogleMaps ; gusaneros leg.; caterpillar collected in fifth instar; cadaver of caterpillar covered with tightly packed separate white cocoons; cocoons at right angles adhered to the larval cuticle; adult parasitoids emerged on 07.ii.2002.
Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector Rincón Rain Forest, Sendero Anonas : • 56 (3♀, 3♂) (44♀, 6♂); 03-SRNP-10052, DHJPAR0001474; 405 m; 10.90528, -85.27882; 10.i.2003; José Perez leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fifth instar; elongate small white cocoons, adhered individually but in groups on back of caterpillar; adult parasitoids emerged on 28.i.2003.
COSTA RICA: Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Guanacaste, Sector Santa Rosa, Bosque Humedo : • 1 (1♀, 0 ♂) (0 ♀, 0 ♂); 98-SRNP-16105, DHJPAR0013357; dry forest; 290 m; 10.85145, -85.60801; 05.i.1998; Malaise trap; DH Janzen & W Hallwachs leg. GoogleMaps
Dorsal outer depression on hind coxa absent ( Figs 14D View Figure 14 , 15E View Figure 15 ), fore telotarsus longer than fourth tarsomere, antenna shorter than body, distal antennal flagellomere shorter than penultimate, vertex in dorsal view narrow ( Figs 14C View Figure 14 , 15C View Figure 15 ), scutellar punctation distinct throughout ( Figs 14F View Figure 14 , 15G View Figure 15 ), shape of proximal half of propodeum weakly curved in dorsal view, longitudinal median carina on face present ( Figs 14B View Figure 14 , 15B View Figure 15 ), lateral grooves delimiting the median area on T2 distally losing definition ( Fig. 15I View Figure 15 ), propodeum without median longitudinal carina ( Figs 14F View Figure 14 , 15G View Figure 15 ), anteroventral contour of mesopleuron convex ( Figs 14A, F View Figure 14 , 15A, J View Figure 15 ), edges of median area on T2 polished and followed by a deep groove ( Figs 14H View Figure 14 , 15I View Figure 15 ), and fore wing with r vein curved, outer side of junction of r and 2RS veins forming a distinct stub ( Figs 14K View Figure 14 , 15L View Figure 15 ).
( Fig. 14A View Figure 14 ). General body coloration dark-brown, except scape, pedicel, labrum, mandibles, and tegulae dark yellow; glossa, maxillary and labial palps pale yellow/ivory; low face, labrum, propleuron, pronotum, epicnemial ridge, ventral edge of mesopleuron, and metasternum with brown-reddish tints. Eyes and ocelli silver. Fore and middle legs yellow, claws brown; hind legs yellow except coxae light yellow-brown, apex of femora brown, 3/4 distal of tibiae and all tarsomeres yellow-brown. Petiole on T1 brown and sublateral areas yellow; T2 with median and narrow adjacent areas brown, and lateral ends yellow; T3-5 brown over most of the middle surface and with a narrow strip brown only proximally, but laterally with yellow-brown area; T6 and beyond completely brown. In lateral view, T1-2 completely yellow, T3 and beyond yellow, but dorsally with a small brown area. Each sternite completely yellow.
Head ( Fig. 14B, C View Figure 14 ). Head triangular with pubescence long and dense. Proximal three antennal flagellomeres longer than wide (0.22:0.07, 0.22:007, 0.22:0.07); distal antennal flagellomere shorter than penultimate (0.14:0.06, 0.11:0.06), antenna shorter than body (2.78, 2.83); antennal scrobes-frons shallow. Face finely punctate-lacunose, interspaces wavy, middle with lateral depression and longitudinal median carina present. Frons smooth. Temple wide, punctations barely noticeable and interspaces clearly smooth. Inner margin of eyes straight throughout; in lateral view, eye anteriorly convex and posteriorly straight. POL shorter than OOL (0.08, 0.15). Malar suture present. Median area between lateral ocelli without depression. Vertex laterally rounded and dorsally narrow.
Mesosoma ( Fig. 14F, G, I View Figure 14 ). Mesosoma dorsoventrally convex. Mesoscutum convex with punctation distinct throughout, interspaces smooth, and 1/3 distally with slightly dented lateral margins. Scutellum triangular, apex sloped and fused with BS, in profile flat and on same plane as mesoscutum, scutellar punctation distinct throughout, phragma of the scutellum partially exposed; BS only very partially overlapping the MPM; ATS demilune with complete undulate/reticulate carinae; dorsal ATS groove smooth. Transscutal articulation with small and heterogeneous foveae; area just behind transscutal articulation with a smooth and shiny sloped transverse strip. Metanotum with BM wider than PFM (clearly differentiated); MPM circular without median longitudinal carina; AFM without setiferous lobes and not as well delineated as PFM; PFM thick and smooth; ATM proximally with semircular/undulate carina and distally smooth. Propodeum without median longitudinal carina, proximal half weakly curved and with fine sculpture, and distal half relatively polished, distal edge of propodeum with a flange at each side and without stubs; propodeal spiracle without distal carina; nucha surrounded by very short radiating carinae. Pronotum with a distinct dorsal furrow, dorsally with a well-defined smooth band; central area of pronotum and dorsal furrow smooth, but ventral furrow with short parallel carinae. Propleuron finely sculptured only ventrally and dorsally without a carina. Metasternum flat or nearly so. Contour of mesopleuron convex; precoxal groove smooth, shiny and shallow, but visible; epicnemial ridge convex, teardrop-shaped.
Legs ( Fig. 14A, D View Figure 14 ). Ventral margin of fore telotarsus entire without seta, fore telotarsus proximally narrow and distally wide and longer than fourth tarsomere (0.13, 0.06). Hind coxa finely punctate throughout, and dorsal outer depression absent. Inner spur of hind tibia longer than outer spur (0.22, 0.18); entire surface of hind tibia with dense strong spines clearly differentiated by color and length. Hind telotarsus as longer than fourth tarsomere (0.15, 0.11).
Wings ( Fig. 14K, L View Figure 14 ). Fore wing r vein slightly curved; 2RS vein straight; r and 2RS veins forming a weak, even curve at their junction and outer side of junction forming a slight stub; 2M vein slightly curved/swollen. Distally fore wing [where spectral veins are] with microtrichiae more densely concentrated than the rest of the wing; anal cell 1/3 proximally lacking microtrichiae; subbasal cell with a small smooth area; veins 2CUa and 2CUb completely spectral; vein 2 cu-a absent, vein 2-1A proximally tubular and distally spectral, although sometimes difficult to see; tubular vein 1 cu-a straight, incomplete/broken, not reaching the edge of 1-1A vein. Hind wing with vannal lobe very narrow subdistally and subproximally straightened; and setae evenly scattered in the margin.
Metasoma ( Fig. 14E, H, J View Figure 14 ). Metasoma laterally compressed. Petiole on T1 completely smooth and polished, with faint, satin-like sheen, petiole evenly narrowing distally with apex truncate (length 0.40, maximum width 0.17, minimum width 0.10) and pubescence absent. Lateral grooves delimiting the median area on T2 distally losing definition (length median area 0.08, length T2 0.16), edges of median area polished, median area broader than long (length 0.08, maximum width 0.15, minimum width 0.10); T2 with a distinctive row of pubescence only at the distal margin. T3 longer than T2 (0.25, 0.16), T3 with a distinctive row of pubescence only at the distal margin. Pubescence on hypopygium dense.
Cocoons ( Fig. 4L View Figure 4 ). White/beige oval cocoons with silk fibers evenly smooth. Tightly packed separate elongate oval cocoons adhered tightly to larval cuticle.
The coloration on metasoma is different in some specimens (e.g., 95-SRNP-11077): in lateral view, all terga and all sterna are yellow-brown; in dorsal view T3 and beyond are completely brown.
( Fig. 15 A–M View Figure 15 ). Similar in coloration to female but darkened. However, in lateral view, T1-2 completely yellow; T3 and beyond yellow/yellow-brown and dorsally brown. S1-3 yellow, but beyond all sterna medial brown.
Named after the noted ichneumonid wasp specialist Andrew M.R. Bennett, of the Canadian National Collection ( CNC) of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Parasitized caterpillars were collected in Costa Rica, ACG, Sector El Hacha (Finca Araya), Sector Pitilla (Loaiciga), Sector Rincón Rain Forest (Sendero Anonás), and Sector Santa Rosa (Bosque Humedo), during November 1995, January 2002, 2003, and June 2005 at 290 m, 295 m, 405 m, and 445 m in dry forest and rain forest.
Adult parasitoid was collected in Costa Rica, ACG, Sector Santa Rosa (Bosque Humedo), during January 1998 at 290 m in dry forest.
The lifestyle of this parasitoid species is gregarious.
Unzela japix (Cramer) ( Sphingidae : Macroglossinae, hawkmoths) feeding on Davilla kunthii , D. nitida , Doliocarpus multiflorus , and Tetracera volubilis ( Dilleniaceae). Caterpillars were collected in second and fifth instars (dead).
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