Charops angelicae Santos & Onody

Santos, Alvaro Doria Dos, Onody, Helena Carolina & Brandão, Carlos Roberto Ferreira, 2019, Taxonomic contributions to the genus Charops Holmgren, 1859 (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), with description of seven new species from Brazil, Zootaxa 4619 (1), pp. 45-76: 49-52

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4619.1.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:44177B4C-17ED-4EA6-B32C-2DA5D9F35B32

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D008C449-FFB5-FF9E-FF7E-FE48FECEFD0D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Charops angelicae Santos & Onody
status

sp. nov.

Charops angelicae Santos & Onody   sp. nov.

( Figs. 3 View FIGURE 3 A–H, 11B, 12)

Material examined: Holotype: ♀ ( MZSP 62099 View Materials ), BRASIL: São Paulo, Luís Antônio, Est. [Estação] Ecológica de Jatai, Mata Ciliar , Arm. [Armadilha] luminosa, 21º36’47”S 47º49’04”W, 18.iv.2009. R. I. R. Lara & Equipe col. GoogleMaps  

Paratypes: 1 ♀ ( INPA), Bahia, Jequié, Distrito da irrigação da Fazenda Vila Velha (DIRFAV), 09.viii.2005   , Malaise , Santos J. T   .; 1 ♀ ( INPA)   , 2 ♀ ( DCBU 140332, 140336), Espírito Santo, Linhares, FLONA [Floresta Nacional] dos Goytacazes , 19º26’24.1”S 40º5’13.6”W, Armadilha Malaise 5, (21m), 27.x.2009, V. L. R. M. Benassi col. GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( UFES 121455), Vila Valério, Sítio Benincá , 18º58’S 40º27’W, 14–28.ix.2011 GoogleMaps   , Malaise, C. O. Azevedo & eq. col.; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 330683 View Materials ), Minas Gerais, Sete Lagoas Malaise 10–17.xi.1999, I. Cruz col.   ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 330685 View Materials ), same data except 12–26.xi.1999   ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 207489 View Materials ), same data except EMBRAPA Milho e Sorgo , 19º28’18”S 44º10’40”W, Armadilha Malaise 3, 742m, 03–14.iii.2011, I. Cruz col. GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( MZSP 62090 View Materials ), Mato Grosso do Sul, Bodoquena, Fazenda Califórnia Topo , 20º41’55.9”S 56º52’49.4”W, 22.xi–06.xii.2011 GoogleMaps   , Malaise 06, Lamas , Nihei & eq. col   .; 1 ♂ ( DCBU 84096 View Materials ), Campo Grande, Fazenda Escola UCDB [Universidade Católica Dom Bosco], pasto, 20º24’9.6”S 54º36’47.32”W, Armadilha Malaise 02, 01–30.vi.2010, J. B. B. Oliveira col. GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( MPEG 03048868 View Materials ), Pará, Vitória do Xingú, Trilha n35, Arm. [Armadilha] Malaise 4, 3°20’26.08”S 51°56’47.82”W, 13–17.xi.2007 GoogleMaps   , Silveira O. T; Dias J. O.; 1 ♀ ( MZSP 62089 View Materials ), Paraná, Colombo Canguiri , 910 m, 25º22’44.65”S 49º07’53.30”W, vi.2014 GoogleMaps   , Malaise, M. Savaris & S. Lampert cols.; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 122406), Rio de Janeiro, Casemiro de Abreu, Reserva Biológica União , 22º24’31”S 42º01’54”W, Varredura ponto 5, (55m), 13.xii.2010, R. F. Monteiro col. GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 213288 View Materials ), Teresópolis, Parque Nacional da Serra dos Órgãos , 22°29’37”S 43°00’07”W, Armadilha Mal- aise 01 (419m), 03.xi.2009, R. F. Monteiro col. GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( CESC 78139), Rio Grande do Sul, Candelaria, Malaise 7, 17.vi.2015   ; 1 ♀ ( CESC 653611), Santa Cruz do Sul, Cinturão Verde, Malaise , 14.xi.2004, Dorley, C. col.   , 5 ♀, 2 ♂ ( MZSP 620100–62106 View Materials ), São Paulo, same data as holotype GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂ ( LRRP 10225), same data except 07.xi.2007 GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, 2 ♂ ( LRRP 10226, MZSP 62107 View Materials , 62108 View Materials ), same data except 19.xii.2007 GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀, 1 ♂ ( MZSP 62109–62110 View Materials ), same data except 30.i.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 5 ♀, 3 ♂ ( UFES) same data except 27.ii.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀, 1 ♂ ( LRRP 10227–10229), same data except 12.iii.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂ ( MZSP 62112 View Materials , 62113 View Materials ), same data except 26.iii.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 6 ♀, 1♂, 1?# ( LRRP 10230–10235, MZSP 62116 View Materials , 62117 View Materials ), same data except 7.v.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 3 ♀ ( LRRP 10236–10238), same data except 9.vi.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( MZSP 62118 View Materials ), same data except 18.vi.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀ ( LRRP 10239, 10240), same data except 30.vii.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 4 ♀, 2 ♂ ( LRRP 10241–10244, MZSP 62119 View Materials , 62120 View Materials ), same data except 13.viii.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂ ( MZSP 62114 View Materials , 62115 View Materials ), same data except 17.ix.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀ ( DCBU 330667 View Materials , 330668 View Materials ), same data except 14.x.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀, 2 ♂ ( DCBU 330669–330672 View Materials ), same data except 12.xi.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 1 m # ( LRRP 330673), same data except 27.xi.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 3 ♂ ( LRRP 330674–330676), same data except 23.xii.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂ ( LRRP 330677), same data except 13.i.2009 GoogleMaps   ; 4 ♀, 5 ♂ ( UFES, MNRJ 000.009– 000.014), same data except 28.i.2009 GoogleMaps   ; 4 ♂ ( LRRP 10245–10247, MNRJ 000.015), same data except 28.ii.2009 GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀, 1 ♂ ( MNRJ 000.016–000.018), same data except 15.iv.2009 GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀ ( MNRJ 000.026, 000.027), same data except 27.v.2009 GoogleMaps   ; 1 f # ( MNRJ 000.028), same data except 19.viii.2009 GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀, 1 ♂ ( MNRJ 000.019–000.021), same data ex- cept 02.ix.2009 GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂ ( MNRJ 000.022), same data except 16.ix.2009 GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀, 1?# ( MNRJ 000.023–000.025), same data except 30.ix.2009 GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂ ( MNRJ 000.030), same data except 24.x.2009 GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♂ ( LRRP 10248, 10249), same data except 11.xi.2009 GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( MZSP 62121 View Materials ), same data except 25.xi.2009 GoogleMaps   ; 2 f # ( DCBU 191362 View Materials , 191336 View Materials ), same data except 21°35’46”S, 47°48’19,3”W, Armadilha Malaise, 23.x.2016, A. S. Soares col. GoogleMaps   ; 1 f # ( DCBU 199824 View Materials ), same data except 30.ix.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 59277 View Materials ), Iguape, ESEC [Estação Ecológica] Juréia, Itatins   GoogleMaps , 24º31’7.8”S 47º12.5’7”W, Armadilha Malaise 05, 19.i.2010, N. W. Perioto e eq cols.   ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 81207 View Materials ), Limeira, Fazenda Laranja Lima, 22º33’53”S 47º24’06”W, Armadilha Malaise, 21.vii.2003, K. R. N. Cirelli col. GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀ ( DCBU 81207 View Materials ), Pontal, Usina Bela Vista, 20º54’48”S 48º08’0.3”W, Armadilha Malaise, (502m), 01.x.2010, I. F. Melo. col. GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 172228 View Materials ), Ribeirão Grande, Parque Estadual de Intervales , S 24º 16’ 23.6” W 48º 25’ 21.8”, Armadilha Malaise 5, 23.vii.2010, N. W. Perioto e eq. cols   .; 3 ♀ ( DCBU 82627 View Materials , 82639 View Materials , 76207 View Materials ), same data except 22.iii.2010 GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 63952 View Materials ), Rio Claro, Floresta Estadual de Rio Claro , 22º24’47.7”S 47º30’58.9”W, Armadilha Malaise 04, 30.xi.2009, A. S. Soares col. GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 65655 View Materials ), São Carlos, Faz. [Fazenda] Macaúbas , Mata , 21º50’W 47º52’S, Armadilha Malaise, 10.i.2007, E. M. Shimbori col. GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 330684 View Materials ), São Carlos, same data except Fazenda Canchim, EMBRAPA Mata sede, 21°57’56” 47°50’37”W, Malaise 1, (830m), 24.ix.1995, L. A. Joaquim col. GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 228112 View Materials ), Te- odoro Sampaio, Parque Estadual Morro do Diabo , 22°36’S 52°18’W, Armadilha Malaise, 16.ix.2010 GoogleMaps   , N. W. Perioto e equipe col.; 4 ♀ ( DCBU 227359 View Materials , 227356 View Materials , 228119 View Materials , 201349 View Materials ), same data except 16.x.2010 GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 212080 View Materials , 216797 View Materials ), same data except 16.xi.2010 GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 115676 View Materials ), same data except 16.xii.2009 GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis. Relatively small sized, width of supraclypeal area 1.11–1.18× its height; antenna with 32–33 flagellomeres; epomia absent; mesopleuron with strong transverse wrinkles; juxtacoxal carina complete with perpendicular carinae absent or vestigial; median longitudinal carina of propodeum complete; scape and pedicel anteriorly yellow; mid femur with edges pale-yellow and pale to dark orange mark.

Description. Female ( Fig. 3H View FIGURE 3 ): Fore wing 3.3 to 3.7mm.

Head. Densely punctate and covered with setae; lateral height of head 0.83–1.0× the size of mesopleuron; mandibles short and stout, apex 0.71–1.0× as wide as base, upper tooth broader than the lower tooth; malar space 0.25–0.56× as long as basal width of mandible; inner margin of eyes slightly convergent near clypeus; supraclypeal area rectangular ( Fig. 3A View FIGURE 3 ); width 1.11–1.18× its height lateral ocellus separated from eye by 0.23–0.35× its own diameter; interocellar distance 1.16–1.36× diameter of lateral ocelli; interocellar area with sparse small setae; antenna with 32–33 flagellomeres; width of first flagellomere 4.6–5.8× its height; height of second flagellomere 0.48–0.54× height of first flagellomere; last flagellomere cone shaped and rounded apex; occipital area slightly imbricate.

Mesosoma   . Pronotum dorsolaterally imbricate, laterally and ventrolaterally polished with transverse wrinkles; epomia absent; mesoscutum finely punctate; scutellum and post scutellum densely covered with setae; mesopleuron dorsolaterally foveolate with strong transverse wrinkles and covered with sparse setae ( Fig. 3B View FIGURE 3 ); speculum denudate with transverse wrinkles; epicnemial carina present reaching only basal part of mesopleuron; mesopleuron ventrolaterally foveolate without wrinkles and sparse setae; sternaulus absent; posterior transverse carina of mesosternum straight not produced near the coxal area; metapleuron punctate and with its posterior part densely covered with setae; juxtacoxal carina complete with perpendicular carinae vestigial; juxtacoxal area imbricate; pleural carina complete; spiracle elliptical with its width 0.36–0.62× the spiracle height; propodeum hairy and foveolate; strong transverse wrinkles between petiolar area and posterior part of areola; vestigial wrinkles between middle part of areola and basal area ( Fig. 3B View FIGURE 3 ); lateral longitudinal carina of propodeum incomplete not reaching propodeum neck; median longitudinal carina of propodeum complete; propodeum neck 0.6–0.8× the size of hind coxa.

Legs. Fore coxa with a slim lateral carina; height of fore t1 0.69–0.74× height of fore t2–t5, height of mid t1 0.77–0.89× height of mid t2–t5; height of hind t1 0.79–0.88× height of hind t2–t5.

Wings. Hyaline and covered with small setae; fore wing: vein 1cu-a arising after of 1M+Rs; vein 2/Cu 0.81–1× the size of 2cu-a; vein 1/Rs+M curved; bulla of 1/Rs+M placed after its midlength near 2/M; 2/RS 0.69–0.9× as long as 2/M; bulla of 2m-cu placed near 2/M 0.2–0.4× the distance between the bulla and 4/Cu vein; hind wing: vein 1-Rs forming a curve with 1r-m angle; hind wing with 5 hamuli.

Metasoma. Tergites imbricate; first tergite with sparse setae, first sternite glabrous with subpetiolar process inconspicuous; tergite II 0.77–0.87× the length of tergite I; remaining tergites and sternites finely punctate covered with small setae; thyridium tear-shaped ( Fig. 3E View FIGURE 3 ); ovipositor sheath covered with long setae; ovipositor straight ( Fig. 3F View FIGURE 3 ), 1.0– 1.14 mm long; ovipositor notch distant from apex 0.19–0.23× length of ovipositor; ovipositor deep ( Fig. 3G View FIGURE 3 ) notch angle 90º–105º; ovipositor ventral valve with a lobe near apex.

Color. Pubescence silvery. Head: black; palpi pale-yellow; mandibles pale-yellow with brown teeth; ocelli pale brown; antenna dark brown, scape and pedicel bicolored, anteriorly yellow and posteriorly brown. Mesosoma   : black; tegula and fore leg pale-yellow, fore femur sometimes pale orange; mid leg with brown and pale-yellow coxa, trochanter and trochantellus pale-yellow, femur with edges pale-yellow and pale to dark orange in mid part, tibia to t4 pale-yellow, t5 pale brown; hind leg mostly dark brown with light brown trochanter, trochantellus dark yellow, anterior part of femur and tibia pale-yellow, tibial spurs pale-yellow. Metasoma: first segment with anterior part dark brown, mid part pale-yellow and postpetiole brown, slightly darker posteriorly ( Fig. 3D View FIGURE 3 ); tergite II dorsally dark brown and ventrally light brown, distinct black mark posteriorly, thyridium pale-yellow; remaining tergites with similar pattern to first; sternites II and III light brown; remaining sternites pale-yellow with dark brown marks; ovipositor sheaths and cerci black, ovipositor orange brown.

Male ( Fig. 11B View FIGURE 11 ): Similar to female in structure and color, except: width of supraclypeal area 1.02–1.11× its height; lateral ocellus separated from eye by 0.28–0.41× its own diameter; interocellar distance 1.2–1.4× diameter of lateral ocelli; width of first flagellomere 4.3–5.2× its height; height of second flagellomere 0.57–0.59× height of first flagellomere; fore leg with t1 0.70–0.81×, mid leg with t1 0.64–0.78× and fore leg t1 0.79–0.88× length of remaining tarsomeres; metasomal tergites V–VIII entirely black; gonoforceps and cercus also black.

Biology: Attracted to light. Host unknow.

Comments: Very similar to Charops terezae   sp. nov. from which it can be differentiated by the bicolored scape and pedicel, anteriorly yellow and posteriorly brown (vs scape dark brown with a thin pale-yellow line on its apex; pedicel dark brown) and width of supraclypeal area 1.11–1.18× its height (vs width of supraclypeal area 1.20–1.37× its height).

Etymology: This species is named in honor of the Brazilian hymenopterist Dr Angélica Maria Penteado Martins Dias.

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

DCBU

Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos

UFES

Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro