Macropygium reticulare (Fabricius, 1803)

Silva, Layse Mitsue Harada Da & Campos, Luiz Alexandre, 2021, Revision of Macropygium Spinola, 1837 (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae: Ochlerini) with the revalidation of three species and the description of one new species, Zootaxa 4958 (1), pp. 605-627: 612-617

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4958.1.36

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1616997B-867D-45CD-8470-515C39815F89

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4716460

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D40F87E7-6F0B-FFD3-FF2C-DB1FFB7AB2B1

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Macropygium reticulare (Fabricius, 1803)
status

 

Macropygium reticulare (Fabricius, 1803)  

( Figs 1A–B View FIGURE 1 ; 4A–D View FIGURE 4 ; 5A–C; M–O View FIGURE 5 ; 6A View FIGURE 6 ; 7A View FIGURE 7 ; 12 View FIGURE 12 ; Table 1)

Cimex reticularis Fabricius, 1803: 170   .

Macropygium atrum Spinola, 1837: 288   .

Macropygium reticulare: Dallas, 1851: 150–159   ; Stål, 1872: 4. P. 12; Distant, 1880: 49; Berg, 1884: 181; Lethierry & Severin, 1893: 90; Kirkaldy, 1909: 184; Rolston, 1992: 5, 24–25, figs 47–79; Campos & Grazia, 2006: 147, 151, 160, 162, figs 1, 4, 6, 22, 47, 55, 61; Garbelotto et al., 2013: 454, figs 1, 9; Roell & Campos, 2018: 1139, figs 6–7.

Type specimens: Cimex reticularis Fabricius, 1803   (type female not located, should be in the NHM); Macropygium atrum Spinola, 1837   (type female in the Museo Regionale de Scienze Naturali, Turin, Italy, was examined by Grazia & Campos 2010; the access to the collection in Turin is currently unavailable).

Distribution: Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina ( Fig. 12 View FIGURE 12 ).

Material examined: ARGENTINA, 1♀, 1994 ( DAR); Chacoguemes   , 9♀ e 2♂, 1995 ( DAR); Misiones, Puertoiguazu   , 5♀ e 4♂, 1991 ( DAR), [-25.597, -54.578] GoogleMaps   . BOLIVIA, 1♀, 1969   ; 2♀, 1♂, 1959 ( FSCA); Chapare   , 1♀ e 1♂, 1950 ( USNM), [-17.34, -65.865]; Cocha bamba, Villa Tunari   , 4♀, 1♂, 1992 ( JEE); Villa Tunari   , 1♀, 1♂, 1992 ( JEE); Carrasco   , 7♀, 1♂, 2002 ( JEE), [-17.333, -65.333]; La paz, Yungas GoogleMaps   1♀, 1955 ( FSCA), [-16.183, - 67.733]; El cairo GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 2003 ( JEE), [-13.133, -65.2]; Ichilo   , 4♀, 2000 ( JEE), [-17.485, -63.516]; Hotel flora e fauna GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 2000 ( FSCA), [-17.458, -63.659]; Hotel flora e fauna GoogleMaps   , 7♀, 4♂, 2001 ( FSCA), [-17.458, -63.659]; Hotel rio selva GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1♂, 2001, [-17.55 -63.2]; Quindío, Buena Vista   , 1♀, 4♂ ( JEE), [-17.458, -63.659]; Buena Vista GoogleMaps   , 36♀, 15♂, 2004 ( FSCA), [-17.458, -63.659]; Buena Vista GoogleMaps   , 12♀, 4♂, 2001 ( FSCA), [-17.458, -63.659] GoogleMaps   ; 12♀, 4♂, 2001 ( FSCA), [-17.458, -63.659] Buena vista GoogleMaps   , 2♀, 2000 ( JEE), [-17.458, -63.659]; La paz GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1♂, 1992 ( USNM), [-16.5 -68.15]; Santa cruz, Saavedra   , 26♀, 7♀ #, 1959 ( FSCA), [-17.225, -63.214] GoogleMaps   ; 4♀, 1♂, 1960 ( FSCA), [-17.225, - 63.214]; Tropical Transition Forest GoogleMaps   , 17♀, 12♂, 2001 ( JEE), [-17.485, -63.516] GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 2002 ( JEE), [-17.485, -63.516]; Potrerillos del guendá GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1♂, 2005 ( JEE), [-17.6675 -63.451]; Tropical Transition Forest GoogleMaps   , 3♀ #, 1♂, 2006 ( JEE), [- 17.485, -63.516]; Buena Vista GoogleMaps   , 1♂, 2007 ( JEE), [-17.458, -63.659] Uyapi GoogleMaps   , 4♀, 4♂, 1993 ( JEE)   . BRASIL: Amazonas, Bejamim Constant   , 3♀, 2♂, 1960 ( MZSP), [-4.376, -70.030] GoogleMaps   ; 2♀, 3♀, 1962 ( MZSP), [-4.376, -70.030] GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 1963 ( MZSP), [-4.376, -70.030]; Itacoatiara GoogleMaps   , 11♀, 4♂, 2003, [-3.142, -58.443]   ; 1♂, 1952 ( MCN), [-3.142, -58.443]; Manaus GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1♂, 1941, ( MNRJ), [-3.044, -60.107]; Manaus GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1962 ( MZSP), [-3.044, -60.107] GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, 1976, [- 3.044, -60.107]   ; 1♀, 1978, [-3.044, -60.107];   2♀, 1♂, 1986, [-3.044653, -60.1071934]; Muturaca GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1980, [0.583, -56.166]; Purus GoogleMaps   , 2♀, 1979, [-3.68333, -61.45]; Rio purus   , 1♀, 1967; Rio javari   , 5♀, 1♂, 1979, [-4.55, -71.633]; Rio madeira   , 1♀ ( MCN), [-26.105 -49.797]; Serra dos porcos GoogleMaps   , 3♀, 1♂, 1977, [-6.900, -36.833]; Tapuruquara GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1965 ( MZSP), [-0.378, -64.991]; Urucu coari GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 2005, [-4.883, -65.355]; Bahia, Conquista GoogleMaps   , 2♀, 1969 ( AMNH), [-14.8661, -40.839] GoogleMaps   ; 2♀, 1969 ( AMNH), [-14.866, -40.839]; Encruzilhada GoogleMaps   , 2♀, 2♂, 1972 ( AMNH), [-15.530, - 40.908] GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, 1980, [-15.530, -40.908]; Espírito Santo GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 1900, MNRJ, [-19.056, -40.147]; Maranhão, Bom Jardim GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1♂, 2011, [-3.542, -45.609]; Mato Grosso, rio Papagaio GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1966 ( MZSP), [-13.025, -16.675]; Vila vera GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1973 ( AMNH), [-12.305, -55.316]; Dourados GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1974 ( AMNH), [-21.220, -54.805] GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 1976 ( AMNH); Minas Gerais   , 1♀, 1991; Serra caraça   , 2♀, 1961 ( MZSP), [-17.694, -43.783]; Belo Horizonte GoogleMaps   , 1♂, 1963 ( MZSP), [-4.376, -70.030]; Pedra Azul GoogleMaps   , 1♂, 1970 ( AMNH), [-16.005, -41.296]; Marlieria , 6f GoogleMaps   , 2♂, 1978 ( CCT), [-19.711, -42.731] GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, 1982 ( CCT), [-19.871 -43.966]; Sapucai mirim GoogleMaps   , 2♀, 1992, [-22.747, -45.742]; 1♀, 1994 ( USNM); Pará, Bragantina   , 1♀, 1978, [-1.053, -46.765]; Melgaço, Caixuanã GoogleMaps   , 2♀, 2♂, 2003, [-1.792, -51.434]; Moju GoogleMaps   , 14♀, 5m, 1985, [-1.883, -48.768]; GoogleMaps   10f, 9m, 1995, [-1.883, -48.768]; Santarém GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1973 ( AMNH), [-2.442, -54.707] GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 1967 ( MZSP), [-2.442, -54.707]; Serra Norte GoogleMaps   , 1♂, 1985, [-6.108, -50.304]; Tomé Açu GoogleMaps   , 1♂, 1978, [-2.418, -48.151]; Tucurui GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1979, [-3.766, -49.6725]; 1♂, 2005, [-3.766, -49.6725]; Paraná, Ipiranga GoogleMaps   , 1♂, 1962, [-25.023, - 50.584]; Ponta grossa GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1939 ( MCN), [-25.095, -50.1619]; Rio negro GoogleMaps   , 3♀, 1929 ( MCN), [m -26.105, -49.797]; Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1958, [-30.108, -51.317]; Santa Maria GoogleMaps   , 2♀, 1971 ( MCN), [-29.683, -53.806]; Derrubadas GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 2004, [-27.265, -53.860]; Triunfo GoogleMaps   , 1♀ ( MCN), [-29.683, -53.806]; Rio de Janeiro, Itatiaia GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1959, MNRJ, [-22.491, -44.559]; Bom Jardim GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1♂, 2011 ( DAR); Nova Friburgo   , 1♀, 1980 ( MZSP), [-22.281, -42.530]; Rondônia GoogleMaps   , 1♂, 1967 ( MZSP), [-12.765, -64.422]; Fazenda Rancho Grande GoogleMaps   , 3♀, 1944 ( JEE), [-1.520, -52.581] GoogleMaps   ; 2♀, 3♂, 1990 ( JEE), [-1.520, -52.581]; 5f GoogleMaps   , 1♂, 1992 ( JEE), [1.520, -52.581] GoogleMaps   ; 20♀, 8♂, 1993 ( FSCA), [- 1.520, -52.581] GoogleMaps   ; 3♀, 3♂, 1994 ( JEE), [-1.520, -52.581] GoogleMaps   ; 2♀, 1996 ( JEE), [-1.520, -52.581] GoogleMaps   ; 5♀, 7♀, 1997 ( FSCA), [-1.520, -52.581] GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, 1989 ( JEE), [-1.520, -52.581]; Vilhena GoogleMaps   , 1♂, 1973 ( AMNH), [-12.740, -60.145]; Cacaulandia GoogleMaps   , 1♂, 1989 ( JEE), [10.3411 -62.886]; Ariquemes GoogleMaps   , 2♀, 1♂, 1990 ( DAR), [-9.913, -63.040]; Cacaulandia GoogleMaps   , 1♂, 1991, [10.3411, -62.886]; Ariquemes GoogleMaps   , 1♂, 1993, [-9.913, -63.0408]; Santa Catarina, Nova Teutônia GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1957 ( FSCA), [-27.161 -52.416]; São Paulo, Campinas GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1975, [-22.906, -47.061]; Rio Claro GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1943, [-22.410, -47.560]; Serra Negra GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1943 ( MZSP) [-22.550, -46.700] GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, 1945; 1♀, 1946; São Bento do Sapucai   , 1♀, 1953, [-22.688, -45.730]; Ribeirão preto GoogleMaps   , 2♂, 1954 ( MZSP), [-21.185, -47.809]; Barueri GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1961 ( MZSP), [-4.376, -70.030]; Barueri GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1966 ( MZSP), [-4.376, -70.030]; Nova Europa GoogleMaps   , 1♂, 1964 ( MZSP), [-21.777 -48.5608]; Piracicaba GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1996, [-22.725, -47.648]. COLOMBIA, Narino, Tumaco   , 2♀, 1♂, 2000 ( JEE), [1.806 -78.7647]; Vaupés GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1990 ( USNM)   ; 1♀, 1998 ( USNM)   ; COSTA RICA, Guapiles   , 1♀, 1915, [10.216 -83.783]; EQUADOR, Limon cocha, 1♀, 1977 ( USNM); Los Rios   , 2♀, 1974 ( FSCA), [-1.816, -79.516]; Napo GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1♂, 1998 ( JEE); Napo   , 1♂, 1977 ( USNM); Pastaza   , 2♂, 1971 ( AMNH); Pinchincha, Tinalandia   , 1♀, 2000 ( FSCA); Quininde, Certicoces   , 1♀, 1982, [0.333, -79.483]; Shushufindi GoogleMaps   , 3♀, 1♂, 1982, [-0.1872, -76.646]; GUATEMALA, 1♀, 1923; MEXICO, Cancun , Quintana   , 2♀, 1990, [21.160, -86.847]; Chiapas, 6f, 197 GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, 1990; Michocan, Tuxpan   , 2♀, 1968 ( FSCA), [-17.483, -63.65]; Palitla   , 1♀, 1970 ( JEE); Quintana   , 1♂, 1978 ( JEE), [19.6, -87.916]   ; 4♀, 4♂, 1983 ( JEE), [19.6, -87.916]   ; 1♀, 1984 ( JEE), [19.6, -87.916]; Tabasco, Villa nova   , 1♂, 1963 ( FSCA), [17.990, -92.928]; Vera Cruz, Fortin de las flores GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1964 ( FSCA), [1.087, -96.989] GoogleMaps   ; PANAMA, 1♀, 1931   ; 1♀, 1973; Gamboa, 5f, 1♂, 1980 [9.11666666667, - 79.7]; PARAGUAY, Caazapa   , 1♀, 1990 ( JEE)   ; 2♀, 1♂, 1993 ( JEE); Caapiata , 5f   , 1♂ ( JEE); Concepcion   , 1♀, 2003 ( JEE), [-22.533, -57.233]; Concepcion GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 2004 ( JEE), [-22.533, -57.233]; Formosa GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1953 [-26.183, -58.175]; Itapua, Honehau GoogleMaps   , 12♀, 11♂, 1983 ( DAR), [-27.078, -55.645]; Alto Panama GoogleMaps   , 3♀, 1986 ( FSCA), [-25.416, -54.633]; Asuncion GoogleMaps   , 1♂, 1989 ( JEE); Jardim Botânico   , 4♀, 1990 ( JEE) [-25.243, -57.588]; Itapua GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1991 ( JEE); San Pedro   , 1♀, 1990 ( JEE); San Pedro, Yaveto   , 1♀, 2006 ( JEE)   ; PERU, Cuzco   , 1♀, 1964, [-13.530, -72.009]; Huanuco, Tingo Maria GoogleMaps   , 2♀, 6m, 1987 ( JEE), [6.934, -76.772]; Tingo Maria GoogleMaps   , 4♀, 2♂, 1946 ( AMNH), [-6.934, -76.772]; Tingo Maria GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1954 ( AMNH), [-6.934, -76.772]; Tingo Maria GoogleMaps   , 3♀, 4♂, 1988, ( JEE), [-9.295, -75.995]; Tingo Maria GoogleMaps   , 1♂, 1988, ( JEE), [-9.295, -75.995]; Jenaro Herrera GoogleMaps   , 1♂, 1988 ( DAR), [-4.916 -73.666]; Loreto GoogleMaps   , 4♀, 1♂, 1970 ( AMNH)   ; 2♂, 1972 ( AMNH); Inquitos   , 1♀, 1988, [-3.748, -73.253]; 3♀, 4♂, 1989 ( FSCA); Satipo   , 1♀, 1940 ( USNM); Satipo   , 1♂, 1945 ( AMNH); San Ramon, San Ramon   , 2♀, 1972 ( AMNH), [-11.124, -75.356]; Ucayali GoogleMaps   , 2♀, 1920, ( AMNH); Rio Santiago   , 1♀, 1♂, 1924 ( AMNH)   . VENEZUELA, 1♀, 1932 ( AMNH); Cordero   , 1♂, 1982; 1♀, 1985 ( DAR), [7.856, -72.182]; Merida GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1♂, 1974 ( AMNH). [8.586, -71.158]; Tachira GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 1980 [7.94, -72.12]; Tachira   , 1♀, 1981, Tachira   , 1♀, 1982.

Diagnosis: Antennae five-segmented, first antennomere longer than the second; pygophore: conical projection of ventral rim with apical setae; segment X oval, tapering toward apex.

Male. Genitalia: conical projection of ventral rim of pygophore rounded, not furcate, with apical setae; posterolateral angles acute, medial projection of posterolateral angles tumescent, attaining dorsally the level of the dorsal limit of segment X in lateral view; lateral projection of dorsal rim thin, spine like and lateral to the posterolateral angle; segment X higher than wide in posterior view, and longer than wide in ventral view ( Fig. 4A–D View FIGURE 4 ); head of parameres covered by setae, apical projection long, largest axis of head equals the length of stem ( Fig. 5A–C View FIGURE 5 ); phallus with robust 1+1 lateral projections of vesica, placed near the limits with phallotheca; ductus seminis distalis twisted in the median region ( Fig. 5M–O View FIGURE 5 ).

Female. Genitalia valvifers VIII longer than wide; laterotergites IX uncovered; lateral angles little projected, attaining the level of a line connecting the mesial thrichobotria of urosternite VII; disc evenly convex ( Fig. 6A View FIGURE 6 ). Valvulae IX with large folds covered by conical microsculptures; thickening of vaginal intima and translucent; ring sclerites half the diameter of orificium receptaculi, this almost the same width of vaginal intima ( Fig. 7A View FIGURE 7 ).

Comments. Macropygium reticulare   is one of the two most widespread species of Macropygium   , the other one is M. spinolae   , the two species having largely overlapping distributions ( Figs 12 View FIGURE 12 , 13 View FIGURE 13 ). Both M. reticulare   and M. spinolae   have more robust pygophore when compared to the remainder species of Macropygium   . The pygophore in M. reticulare   have a triangular, long segment X in dorsal view ( Fig. 4B; X View FIGURE 4 ), while in M. spinolae   the segment X is rounded and wide ( Fig. 4F View FIGURE 4 ). The medial projections of the posterolateral angles ( Fig. 4C View FIGURE 4 ; ppla) and the segment X ( Fig. 4C; X View FIGURE 4 ) are equally projected dorsally in M. reticulare   , while in M. spinolae   the medial projections are less projected than segment X ( Fig. 4G View FIGURE 4 ). Female genital plates in M. reticulare   are similar to M. spinolae   and M. bifidum   ( Fig. 6A–C View FIGURE 6 ). Macropygium reticulare   differs from M. spinolae   by the relatively smaller valvifers VIII ( Fig. 6A View FIGURE 6 ); in M. spinolae   the valvifers VIII are longer and wider, partially covering both the base of laterotergites IX and the limits between the latter and laterotergites VIII ( Fig. 6B View FIGURE 6 ). Macropygium reticulare   differs from both M. spinolae   and M. bifidum   by the valvifers VIII attaining or little surpassing posteriorly an imaginary line connecting the spiracles in laterotergtes VIII; in M. spinolae   and M. bifidum   the valvifers VIII surpass posteriorly such an imaginary line by at least twice the spiracle diameter. Little projected valvifers VIII are also seen in M. subsulcatum   ( Fig. 6E View FIGURE 6 ), however in the latter the valvifers VIII are relatively wider and with broadly rounded apical angle.

NHM

University of Nottingham

DAR

Plant Pathology Herbarium

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

MCN

McNeese State University

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

CCT

Colecao de Culturas Tropical

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Pentatomidae

Genus

Macropygium

Loc

Macropygium reticulare (Fabricius, 1803)

Silva, Layse Mitsue Harada Da & Campos, Luiz Alexandre 2021
2021
Loc

Macropygium reticulare:

Dallas 1851: 150 - 159
1851
Loc

Macropygium atrum

Spinola 1837: 288
1837
Loc

Cimex reticularis

Fabricius 1803: 170
1803