Phyllopezus pollicaris ( Spix, 1825 ), Spix, 1825

Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A., 2015, Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. II. Gekkonidae, Phyllodactylidae, Sphaerodactylidae, Zootaxa 3981 (1), pp. 1-55: 6

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Phyllopezus pollicaris ( Spix, 1825 )


Phyllopezus pollicaris ( Spix, 1825)  

Type-locality. Sylvis interioris Bahiae campestribus, according Vanzolini (1968) state of Bahia, Brazil.

Pertinent taxonomic references. Spix (1825), Schlegel (1858), Peters (1877), Boulenger (1885), Koslowsky (1895), Peracca (1895), Griffin (1917), Müller & Brongersma (1933), Schlegel (1933), Vanzolini (1953 c, 1968), Gans (1960), Hellmich (1960), Rodrigues (1986), Pellegrino et al. (1997), Gamble et al. (2008 a, 2012), Recoder et al. (2012), Werneck et al. (2012).

Distribution and habitat. Phyllopezus pollicaris   is widespread in the central and eastern portion of the South American open vegetation biomes (Caatinga, in eastern and northeastern Cerrado), and in the Pantanal, with point localities in the Amazonia, Chaco, and Atlantic Forest ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 ). It occurs in Brazil, Argentina ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 ), and Vanzolini (1968) reported it from Paraguay and Bolivia. In Brazil it is known from the states of Pará, Tocantins, Maranhão, Piauí, Ceará Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Goiás, Mato Grosso, and Mato Grosso do Sul. In Amazonia it occurs in some areas of open vegetation in southeastern Pará state, Brazil. Phyllopezus pollicaris   is terrestrial/scansorial and nocturnal, inhabits coastal dry forests with sandy soil ( Couto-Ferreira et al. 2011), seasonally dry forest (Vanzolini et al. 1980; Vitt 1995; Rodrigues 1996; 2003; Arzabe et al. 2005; Borges-Nojosa & dos Santos 2005), savannas with rocky outcrops ( Colli et al. 2002; Recoder et al. 2011), mesophytic vegetation associated with saline soil ( Souza et al. 2010), and perianthropic areas ( Feio & Caramaschi 2002; Motte et al. 2009), where it is usually found on rocky outcrops, and also on tree and palm trunks, fallen trunks, cacti, and on fences and walls in perianthropic situations ( Rodrigues, 1986; 2003; Nascimento et al. 1988; Cei, 1993; Vitt, 1995; Colli et al. 2002; Werneck et al. 2009; Recoder et al. 2012).