Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) granulatum Leuckart 1828, Leuckart, 1828

Açik, S., Murina, G. V., Çinar, M. E. & Ergen, Z., 2005, Sipunculans from the coast of northern Cyprus (eastern Mediterranean Sea), Zootaxa 1077, pp. 1-23: 13-15

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.170329

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9B3A7D5D-3D1B-450C-B8C8-7CB465AC008D

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D46F87BE-8A64-FFEE-8B5D-F978760DFDD5

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) granulatum Leuckart 1828
status

 

Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) granulatum Leuckart 1828  

( Figure 4 View FIGURE 4 B)

Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) granulatum: Stephen & Edmonds 1972: 306   –309, figs 34 a –d; Saiz Salinas 1986: 55 –62, figs 20–22; Cutler & Cutler 1990: 709 –710, fig. 6 f; Saiz Salinas 1993 b: 118 –122, figs 61 –63, 88; Cutler 1994: 177 –178, figs 43 a, 46 a, 49 f; Pancucci­Papadopoulou et al. 1999: 72–73, fig. 25.

Phascolosoma granulatum: Wesenberg­Lund 1957: 194   –197, figs 1, 2; Murina & Zavodnik 1985 / 1986: 32–35, fig. 5; Saiz Salinas 1988 b: 11 –12, fig. 2 a.

Material examined: ESFM – SIP / 98 – 36, K 8, Limanbasi Cape, 20 July 1998, 0–5 m, on rocks, 3 specimens.

Remarks: Body wall thick, not transparent, with irregular dark bands on introvert. Trunk cylindrical, 17.5–18.4 mm long, 3–4.9 mm wide. Introvert 16.7–18.4 mm long, 2.2–3.1 mm wide. Introvert nearly as long as trunk length. Longitudinal muscle numbering 24–26 on posterior part of trunk, 18–22 on anterior part of trunk. Papillae on trunk granular, dome­shaped; 240–290 µm long on anterior part of trunk. Hooks arranged in over 50 rings, some of them incomplete; with a narrow clear streak with an indistinct granular triangle; indistinct or no secondary tooth ( Figure 4 View FIGURE 4 B); 30–75 µm high, 43–70 µm wide at base. A strong spindle muscle arising near anus; attached to posterior part of trunk.

Rectum well­developed; with a pair of wing muscles. Contractile vessel simple. Two black eye spots present. Anus and nephridiopores placed at same level. Intestine spiral with 8–9 coils. Nephridia 9.7–9.8 mm height, 0.5–1 mm wide; occupying 2–4 muscle bands. Trunk 1.8–1.9 times nephridia length. Retractors originating from 36 % of the distance to the end of trunk.

Distribution: North Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea ( Cutler 1994). Depth range: 0­ 2050 m ( Saiz Salinas 1988 b).

ESFM

Museum of Faculty of Fisheries, Ege University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Sipuncula

Class

Phascolosomatidea

Order

Phascolosomatiformes

Family

Phascolosomatidae

Genus

Phascolosoma

Loc

Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) granulatum Leuckart 1828

Açik, S., Murina, G. V., Çinar, M. E. & Ergen, Z. 2005
2005
Loc

Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) granulatum:

Cutler 1994: 177
Saiz 1993: 118
Cutler 1990: 709
Saiz 1986: 55
Stephen 1972: 306
1972
Loc

Phascolosoma granulatum: Wesenberg­Lund 1957 : 194

Saiz 1988: 11
Wesenberg-Lund 1957: 194
1957