Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops

Açik, S., Murina, G. V., Çinar, M. E. & Ergen, Z., 2005, Sipunculans from the coast of northern Cyprus (eastern Mediterranean Sea), Zootaxa 1077, pp. 1-23: 15

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.170329

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9B3A7D5D-3D1B-450C-B8C8-7CB465AC008D

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D46F87BE-8A66-FFEE-8B5D-FD1A762EF8D2

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops
status

 

Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops   (Selenka & de Man, 1883)

( Figure 3 View FIGURE 3 C, 4 C)

Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops: Murina & Zavodnik 1985   / 1986: 35–36, fig. 7; Saiz Salinas 1986: 62 –63, fig. 23; Cutler & Cutler 1990: 717 –719, fig. 7 f; Cutler 1994: 183 –184, figs 43 c, 46 b, 50 f.

Phascolosoma scolops: Pancucci­Papadopoulou et al. 1999: 76   –77, fig. 27.

Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops scolops: Stephen & Edmonds 1972: 321   –323, figs 39 c –f.

Material examined: ESFM – SIP / 98 – 41, K 3, Karpas Cape, 18 July 1998, 10 m, on Posidonia oceanica   , 1 specimen; ESFM – SIP / 98 – 39, K 4, Gazi Magosa Bay, 18 July 1998, 4 m, on P. oceanica   , 4 specimens; ESFM – SIP / 98 – 37, K 5, Karpas Cape, 19 July 1998, 0–2 m, on rocks, 1 specimen; ESFM – SIP / 98 – 38, K 8, Limanbasi Cape, 20 July 1998, 3 m, on Cystoseira   crinita   , 2 specimens; ESFM – SIP / 98 – 40, K 8, Limanbasi Cape, 20 July 1998, 0–5 m, on rocks, 4 specimens; ESFM – SIP / 98 – 42, K 10, Malazgirt, 21 July 1998, 2 m, on rocks, 4 specimens.

Remarks: Trunk 5.5–9.7 mm long, 2.4–4.3 mm wide. Introvert with regular pigmented bands ( Figure 3 View FIGURE 3 C); carrying 15–16 blue tentacles; 2.3–14.5 mm long. Introvert shorter (small individual) or longer (large individual) than trunk length. Hooks on introvert 28–68 µm long, 25–65 µm thick at base; arranged in less than 25 rings (17–24). Hook with a visible triangle and a clear streak ( Figure 4 View FIGURE 4 C). Two characteristic dark lines crossing clear area of each hook. Hooks unidentate, sometimes with a small secondary tooth. Longitudinal muscle numbering 22–24 on posterior part of trunk, 19–21 on anterior part of trunk. Two dark eye spots present. Intestinal spiral with 12–13 coils. Spindle muscle welldeveloped, attached to posterior end of trunk. Contractile vessel simple. Nephridia 3.1–5.3 mm height, 0.2–0.9 mm wide. Trunk 1.8 times nephridia length. Papillae distributed over entire trunk; mid­trunk papillae small, those on both ends of trunk large. Dome­shaped to mammiform, reddish brown preanal papillae 90–150 µm long.

Distribution: Indo­West Pacific area, Red Sea, eastern Atlantic ( Cutler 1994) and Mediterranean Sea (Pancucci­Papadopoulou et al. 1999). Depth range: 0–5220 m ( Cutler 1977; Saiz Salinas 1993 a).

ESFM

Museum of Faculty of Fisheries, Ege University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Sipuncula

Class

Phascolosomatidea

Order

Phascolosomatiformes

Family

Phascolosomatidae

Genus

Phascolosoma

Loc

Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops

Açik, S., Murina, G. V., Çinar, M. E. & Ergen, Z. 2005
2005
Loc

Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops:

Cutler 1994: 183
Cutler 1990: 717
Saiz 1986: 62
1986
Loc

Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops scolops:

Stephen 1972: 321
1972