Ecpyrrhorrhoe rosisquama Xiang & Zhang, 2022

Xiang, Lanbin, Chen, Kai, Chen, Xiaohua, Duan, Yongjiang & Zhang, Dandan, 2022, A revision of the genus Ecpyrrhorrhoe Huebner, 1825 from China based on morphology and molecular data, with descriptions of five new species (Lepidoptera, Crambidae, Pyraustinae), ZooKeys 1090, pp. 1-44 : 1

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Ecpyrrhorrhoe rosisquama Xiang & Zhang

sp. nov.

Ecpyrrhorrhoe rosisquama Xiang & Zhang sp. nov.

Figs 13 View Figures 13–21 , 29 View Figures 28–33 , 44 View Figures 44–49


This species differs from all other species of the genus by the yellow forewing bearing rosy markings and mottled covering of rosy scales, the rosy markings on tornal area of the hindwing (Fig. 13 View Figures 13–21 ), in the male genitalia (Fig. 29 View Figures 28–33 ) by the longer and more strongly sclerotized arms on the juxta, with two groups of short and pointed spines on the anellus, in the female genitalia (Fig. 44 View Figures 44–49 ) by the smaller and less developed antrum, and the smaller corpus bursae.


(Fig. 13 View Figures 13–21 ). Head. Frons and vertex yellow, frons with lateral white bands. Labial palpus yellow or orange, contrastingly white at base ventrally. Maxillary palpus yellow, pale terminally. Frons, vertex, labial and maxillary palpi sometimes mixed with rosy scales. Thorax. Dorsal side and tegula yellow, mixed with rosy scales; ventral side white. Wings. Forewing length: 10.0-12.0 mm. Forewing with termen weakly oblique; ground color yellow, with mottled covering of rosy scales forming indistinct markings except the totally rosy costa; antemedial line blurred, from 1/5 of costa oblique to 1/3 of 1A, then dentate to 2/5 of posterior margin; orbicular stigma nearly square; reniform stigma comma-shaped, thick and concave; postmedial line blurred, arched from 3/4 of costa to base of CuA2, connected with oval-shaped patch posterolateral of cell, and finally dentated to 2/3 of posterior margin; subterminal band with anterior part broad, inner margin serrated; fringe with basal half dark rosy and distal half pale yellow. Hindwing pale yellow; postmedial and subterminal lines rosy and serrated, but only with posterior part distinct; terminal line sometimes rosy; fringe as in forewing, with apex and tornus pale yellow. Underside: costal and terminal areas grey; reniform stigma and patch posterolateral of cell grey and distinct; postmedial line grey and faint. Abdomen. Yellowish to yellowish brown dorsally, the first two segments whitish, posterior margin of each segment paler. Dirty white ventrally.

Male genitalia

(Fig. 29 View Figures 28–33 ). Uncus with basal 1/4 nearly triangular and naked. Valva slightly curved, of almost even width, apex obtusely rounded; sella thick and setose, thumb-shaped, bearing short spines on distal margin, extending ventrad; sacculus with distal 3/4 inflated into a broad and round protrusion. Juxta with base wide, distal 4/5 bifid into slender, long, and sclerotized arms; anellus with two groups of short and pointed spines (connected with distal arms of juxta in Fig. 29 View Figures 28–33 ). Saccus rounded triangular. Phallus rather stout and straight, with interlaced spicules on vesical and cornuti present as a sclerite with dense and long spines.

Female genitalia

(Fig. 44 View Figures 44–49 ). Anterior apophysis ~ 2 × the length of posterior apophysis. Antrum cup-shaped, weakly sclerotized, slightly wrinkled medially; colliculum moderately long and broad; ductus seminalis inserting to anterior end of colliculum and with a wide sclerite and a nearly semi-circular, strong sclerotized sclerite located opposite colliculum; ductus bursae ~ 3-4 × diameter of corpus bursae, basal half bearing a slim sclerite. Corpus bursae globular; rhombic signum with maximal length <1/2 of diameter of corpus bursae; second (posterior) signum composed of a pair of narrow and pointed sclerites without spines.

Material examined.

Type material. Holotype ♂, China: Yunnan: Baihualing Natural Reserve, Baoshan , 24.30°N, 98.80°E, alt. 1535 m, 20.IV.2015, Chen Kai, Duan Yongjiang leg., genitalia slide No. SYSU0246, molecular voucher No. LEP0020 (SYSBM) GoogleMaps . Paratypes: Guangxi: 1♀, Songshuping, Mt. Jinzhongshan , alt. 940 m, 28.VII.2014, Wei Xueli, Ran Chao leg. ; Yunnan: 5♂ 7♀, Baihualing Natural Reserve, Baoshan , alt. 1520 m, 11, 13.VIII.2007, Zhang Dandan leg. , genitalia slide No. SYSU0209 (♂), SYSU0229 (♂), SYSU0262 (♀) ; 1♀, Baihualing Natural Reserve, Baoshan , 25.30°N, 98.80°E, alt. 1473 m, 7.VIII.2014, Teng Kaijian, Liu Shurong, Rong Hua leg. (NKU) GoogleMaps ; 1♀, Hanlongzhai, Baihualing Natural Reserve, Baoshan , 25.31°N, 98.80°E, alt. 1616 m, 11.V.2021, Jin Mengjie, Guo Muyu, Fu Haiyun leg. GoogleMaps ; 1♂, Taizhong Village, Jingdong , 24.51°N, 100.94°E, alt. 1395 m, 14.IV.2015, Chen Kai, Duan Yongjiang leg. GoogleMaps ; 2♀, Tuanshan Village, Liming, Ninger , alt. 1162 m, 29.IV.2020, Xiang Lanbin leg.


China (Guangxi, Yunnan).


The specific name is derived from the Latin rose - (= rosy) and squama (= scales), referring to rosy scales on wings.