Plerandra elegantissima (Veitch ex Mast.) Lowry, G.M. Plunkett & Frodin, 2013., Lowry, G. M. Plunkett & Frodin, 2013

Verloove, Filip, 2021, New records in vascular plants alien to Tenerife (Spain, Canary Islands), Biodiversity Data Journal 9, pp. 62878-62878: 62878

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.9.e62878

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/DB8BFBF7-066E-5060-9505-EC11C6C1325C

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Plerandra elegantissima (Veitch ex Mast.) Lowry, G.M. Plunkett & Frodin, 2013.
status

 

Plerandra elegantissima (Veitch ex Mast.) Lowry, G.M. Plunkett & Frodin, 2013.  

Plerandra elegantissima   Brittonia 65: 49. 2013.

Plerandra elegantissima   Syn.: Schefflera elegantissima   (Veitch ex Mast.) Lowry & Frodin, Baileya 23: 9. 1989; Dizygotheca elegantissima   (Veitch ex Mast.) R. Vig. & Guillaumin, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 2: 258. 1912; Aralia elegantissima   Veitch ex Mast., Gard. Chron. 1873: 782. 1873.

Distribution

TENERIFE: Puerto de la Cruz, in front of Hotel Masaru, in planter, a sapling ca. 150 cm tall, self-sown, 14.12.2019, F. Verloove 13727 (BR). https://observation.org/observation/205286440/

Notes

This species was initially described as a species of Aralia   L., then transferred to Schefflera   J.R. Forst. & G. Forst. However, molecular studies ( Lowry II et al. 2013) have demonstrated that Schefflera   , the largest genus of the Araliaceae  family, is grossly polyphyletic. The species, belonging to the Melanesian clade, are preferably accommodated in a separate genus, Plerandra   A. Gray. It counts 32 species that are restricted to Melanesia (Fiji, New Caledonia, New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu). A few species are commonly cultivated as ornamentals, especially P. elegantissima   .

Plerandra elegantissima   is endemic to New Caledonia, but widely cultivated for its decorative juvenile foliage that is palmately divided, formed by 7-12 almost linear leaflets with grossly and irregularly dentate margins. Like other species of Schefflera   s.l., fruits are drupaceous and thus consumed by berry-eating birds. As a result, ornamental species of this genus are easily dispersed; they are particularly frequent as epiphytes on palm trees, also in the Canary Islands, where S. actinophylla   (Endl.) Harms and S. arboricola   (Hayata) Merr. are increasingly recorded (e.g. Verloove and Reyes-Betancort 2011, Verloove 2017, Otto and Verloove 2018). Up to now, P. elegantissima   had only been recorded from La Palma in the Canary Islands ( Otto and Verloove 2016). It was observed to freely reproduce from seed in ornamental gardens and public greens. In Tenerife, it was seen in comparable circumstances in December 2019.

Plerandra elegantissima   is an emerging invasive weed in some parts of the world, for instance, in South Africa (several online references).

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

Apiales

Family

Araliaceae

Genus

Plerandra

Loc

Plerandra elegantissima (Veitch ex Mast.) Lowry, G.M. Plunkett & Frodin, 2013.

Verloove, Filip 2021
2021
Loc

Plerandra elegantissima

Lowry, G. M. Plunkett & Frodin 2013
2013
Loc

Plerandra elegantissima

Lowry, G. M. Plunkett & Frodin 2013
2013
Loc

Schefflera elegantissima

Lowry & Frodin 1989
1989
Loc

Dizygotheca elegantissima

R. Vig. & Guillaumin 1912
1912