Gonatocerus (Lymaenon) africanus Soyka, 1950, Soyka, 1950

Triapitsyn, Serguei V., 2013, Review of Gonatocerus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) in the Palaearctic region, with notes on extralimital distributions, Zootaxa 3644 (1), pp. 1-178: 44-47

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3644.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:DF42B735-9A47-48D5-B382-F6A980563914

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5099037

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/DC2687A4-E517-FF8A-68CC-0B3A1CA959A4

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Gonatocerus (Lymaenon) africanus Soyka, 1950
status

 

Gonatocerus (Lymaenon) africanus Soyka, 1950  

( Figs 58–64 View FIGURES 58 – 60 View FIGURES 61 – 64 )

Gonatocerus africanus Soyka 1950: 126   . Holotype female [lost from PPDD] (not examined). Type locality: Gedida, Dakhla Oasis, New Valley Governorate, Egypt.

Gonatocerus   sp(p).: Walker et al. 1997: 239, 241 (in part, collections from Turkmenistan, “one or more species” mentioned). Gonatocerus africanus Soyka   : Huber et al. 2009: 271 (list).

Type material examined. G. africanus Soyka   : paratype female [ NHMW] on slide labeled: 1. “Dakhla Gedida, 21.3. 32 in Orange grove”, 2. “Co-Type”, 3. “ Gonatocerus africanus (Soyka)   female”, 4. “ 738 ”.

Material examined. HUNGARY. VAS, W of Köszeg, 47 ° 23 ’09’’N 16 ° 31 ’ 19 ’’E, 355 m, 16–20.vi. 2009, I. Mikó [1 Ƥ, UCRC]. ITALY. LAZIO, Roma Prov.: Castelporziano Presidential Estate, costal dunes in N corner, 41 ° 42.150 ’N 12 ° 21.038 ’E, 5 m, 11–12.vi. 2003, M. Bologna, J. Munro, A. Owen, J.D. Pinto [1 Ƥ, UCRC]. 0.8 km W of Sasso, 42 °02.967’N 12 °02.209’E, 264 m, 9–10.vi. 2003, M. Bologna, J. Munro, A. Owen, J.D. Pinto [3 Ƥ, UCRC]. KYRGYZSTAN. DZHALAL-ABAD, 18 km WSW of Kazaeman, 41 ° 21 ’01’’N 73 ° 48 ’ 37 ’’E, 1550 m, 15.vii. 2000, C.H. Dietrich [1 Ƥ, UCRC]. TALAS, 18 km WSW of Taldy Bulak, 42 ° 26 ’ 31 ’’N 72 ° 49 ’ 12 ’’E, 1930 m, 15.vi. 1999, C.H. Dietrich [1 Ƥ, UCRC]. MONGOLIA. ÖMNÖGOVI, Naran Bulag, 43 ° 27 ’N 100 ° 27 ’E, 1405 m, 17–20.vii. 1994, J. Carpenter [3 Ƥ, UCRC]. SPAIN. ALICANTE, Alicante, 16.vii. 1952, J.K. Holloway (on Amaranthus   sp.) [3 Ƥ, EMEC]. TURKMENISTAN. MARY, Baýramaly District, sovkhoz “Karakumkanal”, 15.vi. 1992, S.V. Triapitsyn (emerged 26.vi. 1992 in University of California, Riverside, quarantine from Salsola   sp. plant material, S&R # 92 - 25 - 6).

Distribution. PALAEARCTIC: Egypt, Italy *, Hungary *, Kyrgyzstan *, Mongolia *, Spain *, and Turkmenistan *.

Redescription. FEMALE (paratype and non-type specimens). Body length about 1120 µm (dry-mounted specimens from Italy). Head mostly brown, with some yellow; scape mostly light brown, pedicel mostly brown, and flagellum dark brown; pronotum yellow to brown, mesoscutum mostly brown to dark brown anteriorly and light brown posteriorly, scutellum and axillae light brown to brown, dorsellum and propodeum brown to dark brown; legs mostly light brown; gaster mostly yellow except light brown to brown apically.

Antenna ( Figs 58, 60 View FIGURES 58 – 60 , 61 View FIGURES 61 – 64 ) with radicle about 0.3 × total length of scape, rest of scape 3.1–3.6 × as long as wide; pedicel longer than F 1; F 1 the shortest funicle segment, F 3 about as long as F 4 or slightly longer, F 5 –F 7 more or less subequal in length, F 8 a little shorter and broader, with an incision at apex; mps on F 4 (usually 0 or, occasionally, 1), F 5 (usually 1 except 2 in the specimens from Mongolia), F 6 (2), F 7 (2) and F 8 (2); clava with 8 mps, 3.5–3.8 × as long as wide, almost as long as combined length of F 6 –F 8.

Mesosoma ( Figs 60 View FIGURES 58 – 60 , 63 View FIGURES 61 – 64 ). Propodeum ( Fig. 62 View FIGURES 61 – 64 ) with submedian lines wide apart. Fore wing ( Figs 59, 60 View FIGURES 58 – 60 , 64 View FIGURES 61 – 64 ) 3.1–3.4 × as long as wide; longest marginal seta 0.2–0.3 × maximum wing width. Fore wing disc almost hyaline, bare behind submarginal vein, setose behind and beyond marginal vein. Hind wing 19–20 × as long as wide; disc almost hyaline, setose; longest marginal seta 2.4–2.6 × maximum wing width.

Metasoma ( Figs 60 View FIGURES 58 – 60 , 63 View FIGURES 61 – 64 ) longer than mesosoma. Petiole about 2 × as wide as long. Ovipositor occupying 0.7–0.8 × length of gaster, not exserted beyond its apex; ovipositor length: mesotibia length ratio 1.1–1.3: 1.

MALE. Unknown.

Diagnosis. Gonatocerus africanus   is characterized by the distinctive yellow-brown body color and the female antenna ( Figs 58 View FIGURES 58 – 60 , 61 View FIGURES 61 – 64 ) with F 3 and F 4 subequal in length and bearing usually 1 mps on F 5 and 2 mps on F 6 –F 8.

Hosts. Unknown.

PPDD

Ministry of Agriculture

NHMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

UCRC

University of California, Riverside

EMEC

Essig Museum of Entomology

MARY

Norton-Brown Herbarium, University of Maryland

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Mymaridae

Genus

Gonatocerus

Loc

Gonatocerus (Lymaenon) africanus Soyka, 1950

Triapitsyn, Serguei V. 2013
2013
Loc

Gonatocerus

Huber 2009: 271
Walker 1997: 239
1997
Loc

Gonatocerus africanus

Soyka 1950: 126
1950