Gonatocerus

Triapitsyn, Serguei V., 2013, Review of Gonatocerus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) in the Palaearctic region, with notes on extralimital distributions, Zootaxa 3644 (1), pp. 1-178: 39

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3644.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:DF42B735-9A47-48D5-B382-F6A980563914

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5099031

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/DC2687A4-E51A-FF82-68CC-0DD11F775FF9

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Gonatocerus
status

 

Subgenus Gonatocerus   ( Lymaenon Walker, 1846   )

Lymaenon Walker 1846: 49   –50. Type species: Lymaenon acuminatus Walker   , by subsequent designation by Gahan & Fagan 1923: 82.

Rachistus Foerster 1847: 203   . Type species: Ooctonus litoralis Haliday   , by subsequent designation by Gahan & Fagan 1923: 128.

Rhachistus Dalla Torre 1898: 429   . Unjustified emendation of Rachistus Foerster.  

Oophilus Enock 1909: 458   . Type species: Oophilus longicauda Enock   , by monotypy.

Agonatocerus Girault 1913 a: 276   . Type species: Agonatocerus humboldti Girault   , by original designation.

Gonatoceroides Girault 1913 b: 255   (as subgenus of Gonatocerus   ). Type species: Gonatocerus (Gonatoceroides) australicus Girault   [as australica], by original designation.

Lymaenon Walker   ( litoralis   species group): Debauche 1948: 80, 82; Debauche 1949: 27.

Lymaenon Walker   (unnamed group 4): Debauche 1948: 82.

Decarthrius Debauche 1949: 21   –22. Type species: Decarthrius straeleni Debauche   , by original designation.

Gonatocerus Nees   (contortivena species group): Debauche 1949: 26.

Gonatocerus Nees   ( acuminatus   species group [= Oophilus Enock   ]): Debauche 1949: 26, 33.

Oophilus Enock   : Kryger 1950: 79 –81.

Gonatocerus   ( Gonatocerus Nees   ): De Santis 1967: 103 –105 (in part).

Gonatocerus   ( Lymaenon Walker   ): Herting 1972: 14; Triapitsyn et al. 2010: 41–42 (reinstated as a valid subgenus, synonymy, diagnosis, key to species in the Neotropical region).

Gonatocerus Nees   ( litoralis   species group): Matthews 1986: 216 (key), 222–223; Huber 1988: 30 –32; Yoshimoto 1990: 37 – 38; Zeya & Hayat 1995: 91 –94 (diagnosis, key to Indian species); Donev 2005: 380 (key to species in the Balkan Peninsula); Pricop 2010 c: 78 (diagnosis, illustrations).

Gonatocerus Nees   ( straeleni   species group, without a formal synonymy of Decarthrius   [then a synonym of Gahanopsis Ogloblin   ] under Gonatocerus   ): Huber 1988: 24; Yoshimoto 1990: 37.

Lymaeaon [sic] Walker: Guo et al. 2011: 54 (misspelled).

Diagnosis. Pronotum divided into 2 lobes widely separated by lightly sclerotized median area, except narrowly separated in a few Afrotropical species and median area sometimes strongly sclerotized in some Australasian species; female funicle usually 8 -segmented, rarely 7 -segmented (mostly in some Afrotropical species); dorsellum strap-like, with posterior margin more or less straight and parallel with anterior margin; propodeum with submedian lines instead of a median carina or submedian carinae (except in some Afrotropical species) and the area between them flat and often bearing minute spicules (as in Fig. 197 View FIGURES 195 – 198 ); fore wing with cubital row (at least) of setae extending to base of marginal vein (except in G. (Lymaenon) karakum   from Italy and Turkmenistan ( Fig. 101 View FIGURES 99 – 102 ) and some Afrotropical and Australasian species).

Distribution. Cosmopolitan.

Hosts. Reliable host records of G. ( Lymaenon   ) are from eggs of Cicadellidae   and Membracidae   .

Comments. It has been a challenge to compile a key to separate females of the Palaearctic species of G. ( Lymaenon   ) because of variability of some traditionally used diagnostic features; good slide mounts of wellcleared specimens are thus particularly needed in this subgenus to be able to see and assess the characters used in the key, descriptions, and redescriptions.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Mymaridae

Loc

Gonatocerus

Triapitsyn, Serguei V. 2013
2013
Loc

Gonatocerus

Yoshimoto 1990: 37
Huber 1988: 24
1988
Loc

Gonatocerus

Pricop 2010: 78
Donev 2005: 380
Zeya 1995: 91
Yoshimoto 1990: 37
Huber 1988: 30
Matthews 1986: 216
1986
Loc

Gonatocerus

Herting 1972: 14
1972
Loc

Gonatocerus

De 1967: 103
1967
Loc

Oophilus

Kryger 1950: 79
1950
Loc

Decarthrius

Debauche 1949: 21
1949
Loc

Gonatocerus

Debauche 1949: 26
1949
Loc

Gonatocerus

Debauche 1949: 26
1949
Loc

Lymaenon

Debauche 1949: 27
Debauche 1948: 80
1948
Loc

Lymaenon

Debauche 1948: 82
1948
Loc

Agonatocerus

Girault 1913: 276
1913
Loc

Gonatoceroides

Girault 1913: 255
1913
Loc

Oophilus

Enock 1909: 458
1909
Loc

Rhachistus

Dalla 1898: 429
1898
Loc

Rachistus

Gahan 1923: 128
Foerster 1847: 203
1847
Loc

Lymaenon

Gahan 1923: 82
Walker 1846: 49
1846