Gonatocerus (Lymaenon) novickyi Soyka, 1946, Soyka, 1946

Triapitsyn, Serguei V., 2013, Review of Gonatocerus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) in the Palaearctic region, with notes on extralimital distributions, Zootaxa 3644 (1), pp. 1-178: 104-106

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3644.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:DF42B735-9A47-48D5-B382-F6A980563914

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5099101

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/DC2687A4-E55B-FFCD-68CC-0CD21E115B3A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Gonatocerus (Lymaenon) novickyi Soyka, 1946
status

 

Gonatocerus (Lymaenon) novickyi Soyka, 1946  

( Figs 172–175 View FIGURES 172 – 175 )

Gonatocerus novickyi Soyka 1946: 38   . Type locality: “Ziklake” near Sankt Andrä am Zicksee and Neusiedler See, Burgenland, Austria [that most likely is Zicksee near Sankt Andrä am Zicksee because Zicklacke is near Illmitz and Neusiedler See].

Lymaenon fossarum Hincks 1952: 64   –66. Holotype female [ MMUE] (not examined). Type locality: Walker Butts Bank Dyke, Spurn, East Riding of Yorkshire Co., England, UK. Synonymized under G. novickyi   by Matthews 1986: 227.

Gonatocerus fossarum (Hincks)   : Graham 1982: 224 (comments on possible conspecificity with G. oxypygus Foerster   and G. novickyi   ).

Gonatocerus novickyi Soyka   : Hellén 1974: 12 (diagnosis, distribution); Matthews 1986: 227 –228 (synonymy, diagnosis); Pricop 2010 c: 78 –80 (record from Romania, distribution, diagnosis, illustrations).

Gonatocerus novicki   [sic] Soyka: Pricop 2010 c: 79 (misspelled).

Type material examined. Presumed ( Matthews 1986) holotype female [ NHMW] on slide ( Fig. 172 View FIGURES 172 – 175 ) labeled: 1. “ Gonatocerus   Ƥ novickyi Soyka   Type ”; 2. [red] “ Type ”; 3. [Soyka’s slide number] “ 806 ”; 4. “St. Andrä, Ziklake Neusiedlersee 11 Aug. 1942 lg. Novicky coll Soyka In Canadab. 1942 ”. The specimen is complete, uncleared, and mounted laterally.

Soyka (1946) described this species from a single female collected by S. Novicky on 11.viii. 1942, but I found 3 females in NHMW and also 1 female in EMEC, all with the same label data. Although two of the specimens in NHMW are identically labeled as “ Type ” on red labels, only one (on slide # 806) is also labeled so in W. Soyka’s handwriting on the white label, so Matthews (1986), who examined just this specimen sent to him on loan, called it the holotype although it is impossible to decide which of these two specimens was the true holotype. Unfortunately, ICZN does not have a provision for such situation (Doug Yanega, personal communication). The other specimens have no type status although it is almost equally possible that the female on Soyka’s slide # 805 was the actual holotype.

Material examined. AUSTRIA. BURGENLAND, Zicksee, 11.viii. 1942, S. Novicky: [2 Ƥ, NHMW] (one of them, on slide # 805, was labeled by Soyka as “ Type ”); [1 Ƥ, EMEC] (labeled by Soyka as “co-type”). DENMARK. HOVEDSTADEN, Amager Island, 26.vii. 1940, J.P. Kryger [1 Ƥ, ZMUC]. Locality unclear (“Orences Str.[and]”), 24.vii. 1946, O. Bakkendorf [1 Ƥ, ZMUC]. KYRGYZSTAN. NARYN, Alabuga River, 25 km W of Baetov, 41 ° 17 ’ 47 ’’N 74 ° 39 ’ 20 ’’E, 1700 m, 29.viii. 1998, C.H. Dietrich [1 Ƥ, UCRC].

Distribution. PALAEARCTIC: Austria, Denmark *, Finland ( Hellén 1974), Kyrgyzstan *, Romania ( Pricop 2010 c), Russia ( Hellén 1974), and UK ( England). Incorrectly listed from Germany by Pricop (2010 c).

Redescription. FEMALE. Body length 1255–1385 µm. Body mostly brown or dark brown except pronotum, side lobes of mesoscutum posteriorly, and base of gaster light brown; scape and pedicel mostly light brown, flagellum brown; legs light brown to brown.

Antenna ( Fig. 173 View FIGURES 172 – 175 ) with radicle about 0.3 × total length of scape, rest of scape 3.1–3.5 × as long as wide, striate; pedicel longer than F 1; all funicle segments notably longer than wide, F 1 the shortest and F 5 the longest, F 1 –F 4 shorter than F 5 –F 8; mps on F 5 (1 or 2), F 6 (normally 1, sometimes 0 on one antenna), F 7 (2), and F 8 (2 or 3); clava with 10 mps, 3.2–3.5 × as long as wide, shorter than combined length of F 6 –F 8 and a little longer than combined length of F 7 and F 8.

Propodeum with submedian lines wide apart. Fore wing ( Fig. 175 View FIGURES 172 – 175 ) 4.2–4.6 × as long as wide; longest marginal seta 0.38–0.42 × maximum wing width. Fore wing disc slightly infumate, partially setose behind apex of submarginal vein and setose behind and beyond marginal vein. Hind wing 26–29 × as long as wide; disc slightly infumate apically, unevenly setose; longest marginal seta 3.3–3.7 × maximum wing width.

Gaster ( Fig. 174 View FIGURES 172 – 175 ) much longer than mesosoma. Petiole strap-like, about 3 × as wide as long. Ovipositor occupying entire length of gaster, exserted beyond its apex by 0.2–0.22 × own length, 2.6 –3.0× length of mesotibia.

Measurements of the presumed holotype (µm). Body: 1310; head: 160; mesosoma 375; petiole 21; gaster 836; ovipositor 1015. Antenna: scape minus radicle 130; pedicel 61; F 1 39; F 2 48; F 3 52; F 4 61; F 5 74; F 6 65; F 7 68; F 8 61; clava 168. Fore wing 1298: 283; longest marginal seta 109. Hind wing 1027: 39; longest marginal seta 130. Mesotibia 350.

MALE. Unknown.

Diagnosis. Gonatocerus novickyi   is characterized by the female antenna ( Fig. 173 View FIGURES 172 – 175 ) normally with mps on F 5 –F 8, the fore wing 4.2–4.6 × as long as wide with the disc partially setose behind the apex of the submarginal vein ( Fig. 175 View FIGURES 172 – 175 ), and the ovipositor ( Fig. 174 View FIGURES 172 – 175 ) 2.6 –3.0× length of mesotibia. It differs from G. kalika   by having the area between the marginal vein and the cubital row of setae on the fore wing disc evenly setose, without a bare area (with a small bare area in G. kalika   ), and from G. acuminatus   , which has a distinct such bare area, also by the fore wing at least 4.2 × as long as wide (at most 2.9 × as long as wide in G. acuminatus   ).

Hosts. Unknown.

Comments. I agree with the synonymy of Lymaenon fossarum   under G. novickyi   by Matthews (1986) because, among other matching features, in the original description of L. fossarum Hincks (1952)   mentioned and illustrated the characteristic body color of G. novickyi   , and the antennal clava of the female antenna in L. fossarum   is a little longer than the combined length of F 7 and F 8.

MMUE

Museum of Manchester University

NHMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

EMEC

Essig Museum of Entomology

ZMUC

Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen

UCRC

University of California, Riverside

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Mymaridae

Genus

Gonatocerus

Loc

Gonatocerus (Lymaenon) novickyi Soyka, 1946

Triapitsyn, Serguei V. 2013
2013
Loc

Gonatocerus novicki

Pricop 2010: 79
2010
Loc

Gonatocerus fossarum

Graham 1982: 224
1982
Loc

Gonatocerus novickyi

Pricop 2010: 78
Matthews 1986: 227
Hellen 1974: 12
1974
Loc

Lymaenon fossarum

Matthews 1986: 227
Hincks 1952: 64
1952
Loc

Gonatocerus novickyi

Soyka 1946: 38
1946