Palhinhaea cernua

Matos, Fernando B., Bohn, Amabily & Labiak, Paulo H., 2020, The ferns and lycophytes of Reserva Natural Guaricica, Antonina, Paraná, Brazil, Check List 16 (1), pp. 183-206: 191-193

publication ID 10.15560/16.1.183

persistent identifier

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scientific name

Palhinhaea cernua


Palhinhaea cernua   (L.) Franco & Vasc.

Figures 3A, 4A

Examined material. BRAZIL • 2 specimens; Trilha da Guaricica ; 25°19′13″S, 048°42′04″W; alt. 30 m; 15 Jan. 2005; F.B. Matos 185 leg.; MBM333021, UPCB10699 GoogleMaps   2 specimens; Fazenda Rincão ; 25°18′53″S, 048°41′46″W; alt. 20 m; 1 Mar. 2005; F.B. Matos & U. Ferreira 464 leg.; MBM333022, UPCB10700 GoogleMaps   3 specimens; Faisqueira ; 25°22′14″S, 048°39′56″W; alt. 15 m; 7 Oct. 2005; F.B. Matos & P.B. Schwartsburd 857 leg.; CEPEC118605, RB726314 View Materials , UPCB10781 GoogleMaps   1 specimen; Fazenda da SPVS; 25°18′S, 048°41′W; alt. 40 m; 20 Oct. 2003; P.H. Labiak & R. Goldenberg 3015 leg.; UPCB10786 GoogleMaps   .

Identification. Characterized by anisotomously branched

stems, the branches differentiated into horizontal sto- lon-like stems and vertical tree-like stems. The tree-like stems are usually erect and crowded with small (ca 3 mm) linear leaves, with spreading lateral branches ending in sessile, pendent, cylindrical strobili. Sporangia globose, anisovalvate, solitary in the axil of sporophylls. Plants homosporous. It is the only species of the genus in the RPPN.

Distribution and habitat. Pantropical. Terrestrial on roadbanks and other disturbed places.