Dissomphalus gabrus Mugrabi & Azevedo

MUGRABI, DANIELE F. & AZEVEDO, CELSO O., 2013, Revision of Thai Dissomphalus Ashmead, 1893 (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae), with description of twenty four new species, Zootaxa 3662 (1), pp. 1-73 : 32-33

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3662.1.1

publication LSID




persistent identifier


treatment provided by


scientific name

Dissomphalus gabrus Mugrabi & Azevedo

sp. nov.

Dissomphalus gabrus Mugrabi & Azevedo , sp. nov.

( Figs 37–40, 107, 168–170)

Description. MALE. Body length 1.67 mm. LFW 1.33 mm. Maximum wing width 0.57 mm. Color. Head black; mesosoma and metasoma dark castaneous.

Head. Mandible with three apical teeth. Clypeus with median lobe subtrapezoidal; median tooth angulate or nearly so; median carina complete apically or nearly so, straight in profile or nearly so. Ratio of first four antennal segments about 8:5:3:3. Frons weakly coriaceous, punctures small. LH 1.04 × WH, WF 0.61 × WH, WF 0.85 × HE, OOL 1.37 × WOT, DAO 0.37 × WOT, posterior ocelli distant from vertex crest 0.34 × DAO, frontal angle of ocellar triangle right, VOL 0.45 × HE. Vertex crest straight. Occipital carina not visible in dorsal view.

Mesosoma. Pronotal disc weakly coriaceous, anterior margin ecarinate. Notauli deep, complete, evenly wide, converging posterad. Propodeal disc 0.82 × as long as wide; basal triangle polished, posterolateral area strongly coriaceous; median carina posteriorly incomplete; lateral margins straight, parallel; posterior carina well-defined, convex. Lateral of propodeum mostly polished. Propodeal declivity mostly polished.

Metasoma. Tergal process with very shallow, longitudinally elliptical and lateral pair of depressions; depressions 0.5 × as long as tergite II, diverging posterad, distant each other 2.25 × maximum transverse diameter, with setae long and posterad on lateral area; very small pair of tubercles placed on center of depression, conical in longitudinal section, low, entirely laterad, with small pit on top with one seta very short and laterad ( Figs 37–40). Hypopygium with median stalk 0.8 × as long as hypopygeal plate; median stalk wide; corner of anterior margin angular; lateral stalk of hypopygium 0.09 × as long as median stalk; posterior margin weakly concave with median convexity; corner rounded (Fig. 107).

Genitalia ( Figs 168–170). Genital ring produced, each half convex in dorsal view. Basiparamere with dorsal surface much wider apicad, slightly narrower than ventral surface. Paramere with basal area as wide as basiparamere apex; apex angulate; apical margin strongly concave in ventral view, angled mesad; inner surface of apical region with distinct seta. Basivolsella glabrous; with one long spiniform process, medially articulated, with rounded apex. Aedeagus 1.73 × as long as wide; dorsal body of aedeagus wider medially, narrowing progressively apicad, lateral margin strongly convex medially, converging apicad, wholly slightly curved dorsad, apex with one pair of outer lobe; base of dorsal body of aedeagus strongly sclerotized, triangular, with median region angulate; ventral ramus of aedeagus surpassing half length of dorsal body, reaching base of apical lobe of dorsal body, lateral margin sinuous, much wider medially and base as narrow as apex. Apodeme extending beyond genital ring.

FEMALE unknown.

Material examined. Holotype, ♂. THAILAND. Nakhon Ratchasima: Khao Yai NP, Pong Nong Ma Khee near Km 35, 14°28.285’N 101°22.570’E, 751 m, Malaise trap, 12–19.vi.2007, Wirat Sukho leg., T2225 GoogleMaps . Paratypes: THAILAND. Malaise trap, Chiang Mai: Doi Phahompok NP, Doi Phaluang , 20°0.966’N 99°9.579’E, 1449 m, 13–20.vii.2007, Prasit Wongchai leg. GoogleMaps , 1 ♂ T2846 . Phitsanulok: Thung Salaeng Luang NP, Moist evergreen, 16°50.641’N 100°52.894’E, 557 m, 18–25.viii.2006, Pongpitak Pranee leg. GoogleMaps , 1 ♂ T569 . Loei: Phu Kradueng NP, Forest protection unit Loei. 5 ( Phakbung ), 16°50.540’N 101°41.663’E, 406 m, 13–19.ii.2007, Wuthicahi kwanjam leg GoogleMaps ., 1 ♂ T1499 . Phetchabun: Khao Kho NP Somchai Chachumnan & Saink Singtong leg., Mix deciduous, 16°39.589’N 101°8.185’E, 168 m GoogleMaps , 2 ♂ 5–12.i.2007, T1392 , 1 ♂ 19–26.i.2007, T1398 ; 1 ♂ office, 16°39.550’N 101°8.134’E, 230 m, 19–26.vii.2006, T171 GoogleMaps ; Mix deciduous near office, 16°39.550’N 101°8.123’E, 230 m GoogleMaps , 1 ♂ 12–19.ii.2007, T1604 , 1 ♂ 26.ii–5.iii.2007, T1610 ; 1 ♂ 16°39.479’N 101°8.105’E, 260 m, 12– 19.ii.2007, T1603 GoogleMaps ; 2 ♂ Mixed deciduous forest, 16°32.546’N 101°2.501’E, 560 m, 26.xii.2006 – 2.i.2007, T1189 GoogleMaps . Chaiyaphum: Tat Tone NP , 1 ♂ Nursery near head water, 15°58.344’N 102°2.169’E, 257 m, 26.viii–5.ix.2006, Tawit Jaruphan & Orawan Budsawong leg., T556 GoogleMaps ; 1 ♂ Streamside at Tat Fah waterfall, 15°56.463’N 102°5.953’E, 242 m, 5–12.iii.2007, T2346 GoogleMaps ; Pa Hin Ngam NP, (Thepana waterfall), Katae Sa-nog & Buakaw Adnafai leg., 1 ♂ Savana , 15°38.948’N 101°25.625’E, 604 m, 19–25.x.2006, T666 GoogleMaps ; 1 ♂ Mixed deciduous forest, 15°38.920’N 101°25.077’E, 614 m, 1–7.x.2006, T656 GoogleMaps ; Dry evergreen forest, 15°38.884’N 101°25.840’E, 605 m GoogleMaps , 1 ♂ 7– 13.x.2006, T661 , 2 ♂ 13–19.x.2006, T664 ; 1 ♂ Dry evergreen forest at waterfall, 15°34.802’N 101°25.990’E, 430 m, 16–22.xi.2006, T1035 GoogleMaps . Kanchanaburi: Khuean Srinagarindra NP, 14°29.972’N 98°53.035’E GoogleMaps , 1 ♂ Chong Kraborg , 210 m, 28.viii-4.ix.2008, Boonnam & Phumarin leg., T3430 , 1 ♂ Huai Mae Kamint / 50 m, / SW of Tourist Nayok: Khao Yai NP, Wirat Sukho leg. , 2 ♂ Cobra zone near Fire protection office, 14°28.524’N 101°22.928’E, 757 m, 5–12.vi.2007, T2221 GoogleMaps ; 2 ♂ evergreen forest near Hnong Pakchee , 14°27.119’N 101°21.482’E, 699 m, 19– 26.v.2007, T2271 GoogleMaps ; entrance of Hnong Pak Chee Trail , 14°27.115’N 101°21.951’E, 733 m GoogleMaps , 1 ♂ 5–12.v.2007, T2264 , 1 ♂ 26.v–2.vi.2007, T2273 , 1 ♂ 12–19.v.2007, T2267 , 1 ♂ 19–26.v.2007, T2270 ; 1 ♂ Khao Keow spirit house, 14°22.960’N 101°23.253’E, 750 m, 12–19.ix.2006, Wirat Sook-kho leg T912 GoogleMaps ; 1 ♂ near Training Center 2, 14°24.515’N 101°22.432’E, 750 m, 5–12.ii.2007, Pong Sandao leg., T2243 GoogleMaps . Prachuab Khiri Khan: 1 ♂, Khao Sam Roi Yot NP, Checkpoint 1/ Ban Hua Tan Thaeo , 12°13.059’N 99°58.384’E, 26.x-2.xi.2008, Yai; Amnad leg., T4127 GoogleMaps .

Variations. Body length between 1.22 and 1.37 mm; LFW between 1.22 and 1.37 mm; maximum wing width between 0.49 and 0.61 mm; frontal carina straight; anterolateral margin of tergite II with pair of four to six setae; propodeal disc weakly to strongly striate; basivolsella with one or two projections, such projections as long as or slightly longer than aedeagal ventral ramus.

Remarks. Dissomphalus gabrus sp. nov. is similar D. julius sp. nov. because of the following characteristics: mandible with three apical teeth; hypopygium 2.43 × as wide as long, apex of medium stalk truncate, posterior corner sub-angulate; basivolsella with articulated projection; aedeagal dorsal body wider medially, lateral margin strongly convex; aedeagal ventral ramus much wider medially. However, D. gabrus sp. nov. differs from D. julius sp. nov. as follows: lateral depressions of tergal process with tubercles; genital ring straight, medium region with inclination angle of about 45º; paramere with basal region as wide as basiparamere apex, undivided ventral surface, paramere apex forming right angle with inner surface; inner surface with setosesetose sub-triangular spine; median region of basivolsella with long projection; aedeagal ventral ramus surpassing middle of dorsal body and reaching base of apical lobe of dorsal body; apodeme extending beyond genital ring.

Distribution. Thailand (Chiang Mai, Phitsanulok, Loei, Chaiyaphum, Nakhon Ratchasima, Kanchanaburi, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Nayok and Prachuab Khiri Khan).