Pyramidella mediterranea, , Turritella

Appolloni, Massimo, Smriglio, Carlo, Amati, Bruno, Lugliè, Lorenzo, Nofroni, Italo, Tringali, Lionello P., Mariottini, Paolo & Oliverio, Marco, 2018, Catalogue of the primary types of marine molluscan taxa described by Tommaso Allery Di Maria, Marquis of Monterosato, deposited in the Museo Civico di Zoologia, Roma, Zootaxa 4477 (1), pp. 1-138: 35-36

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Pyramidella mediterranea


mediterranea, Turritella   [ Turritella turbona Monterosato, 1877   ] ( Figures 10E, F View FIGURE 10 )

1890a: 148 [XXXVIIIa: 902]—available name

Type material. MCZR –M –21361 —8 sh “ Turritella mediterranea Monts. Napoli—Palermo   DP. Poc.”// 1 sh “ Turritella mediterranea Monts. Palermo   !”

Other material. MCZR –M –21391 —1 sh “ T. Mediterranea   v. elata M. Catania  

MCZR –M –21402 —4 sh “Turr. medit. var. stricta M. Capri   !”

Type locality. Described from Mediterranean (“nostri mari”).

Remarks. Monterosato (1890a: 148, 149) introduced T. mediterranea   as the correct name for the Recent species erroneously identified by his contemporaries as “ Turritella triplicata Brocchi, 1814   ”, the latter being a Tertiary fossil species. Recorded by MolluscaBase (2018) as a synonym of Turritella communis Risso, 1826   , which is clearly wrong. Although the possibility that it represents a fourth distinct species in the Mediterranean (as held by e.g. Parenzan, 1970) is worthy of further testing (ideally by genetic data), we adopt the conservative position of including T. mediterranea   in the synonymy of T. turbona Monterosato, 1877   [new synonymy].

planulata, Turritella   [ Turritella planulata Monterosato, 1891   ] taxon inquirendum

1891b: 121 [XL: 937]—available name

Type material. Not found

Type locality. Described from Santa Flavia † (Sicily).  

Remarks. A name introduced with a description in a work on the Quaternary fossil shells of Santa Flavia, near Altavilla (Sicily), to distinguish a species similar to T. triplicata Brocchi, 1814   , but thinner and with flatter whorls. Recorded by MolluscaBase (2018) as taxon inquirendum. It may represent a distinct fossil species.