Parastasia indica Ohaus, 1898

Zhao, Ming-Zhi, 2019, Notes on the genus Parastasia Westwood (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae) from China, with description of a new species, Zootaxa 4613 (2), pp. 240-250: 244-245

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4613.2.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E00FE5A0-2392-4DE3-BBFD-994A563521B5

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E104879D-FF99-FFB5-FF1B-1825FDC177F9

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Parastasia indica Ohaus, 1898
status

 

Parastasia indica Ohaus, 1898  

( Figs. 19, 20, 23–26 View FIGURES 18–26 , 42–46 View FIGURES 40–46 )

Parastasia indica Ohaus, 1898: 9   [description]; Ohaus 1900: 256 [description of the female, figures of parameres]; Arrow 1917: 43 [redescription, key]; Ohaus 1918: 36 [catalogued, in P. westwoodi   species-group]; Ohaus, 1934: 104 [catalogued]; Paulian, 1958: 84 [redescription, key]; Machatschke, 1972: 43 [catalogued]; Kuijten 1992: 91 [redescription and key, figured]; Zorn 2006: 277 [catalogued]; Zorn & Bezděk 2016: 357 [catalogued].

Parastasia fruhstorferi Ohaus, 1902: 57   [description]; Ohaus 1905: 97 [junior synonym of P. indica   , color variation]; Ohaus, 1934: 104 [catalogued, in synonymy]; Kuijten 1992: 91 [in synonymy]; Zorn 2006: 277 [catalogued, in synonymy]; Zorn & Bezděk 2016: 357 [catalogued, in synonymy].

Material examined (27♂♂, 8♀♀). 9♂♂, 4♀♀ ( CZMZ), CHINA: Guangdong, Guangzhou City, Tianluhu For- est Park , 2017. III.4, larvae collected by Ming-Zhi Zhao   & al., emerged in 2017.IV; 3♂♂, 2♀♀ ( CZMZ), CHINA: Guangdong, Guangzhou City, Conghua, Liuxihe Forest Park , 2019.I, larvae collected by Xiao-Han Ye & Bao-Xiang Zhan   , emerged in 2019.III; 1♂ ( CZMZ), CHINA: Guangdong, Guangzhou City, Tianluhu Forest Park, 2018.V, light trap, Pin-Chao Lin leg.   ; 4♂♂ ( CZMZ), CHINA: Guangdong, Guangzhou City, Mount Huolushan , 2010. V.1   ; 1♂ ( SCAU), ‘ CHINA: Guangdong, Huizhou City, Longmeng County, Yonghan Town , Mount Nankunshan , Danfengzhai Village , 585m, 113°51′39″E, 23°39′30″N, 2016. V.30, net capture, Wen-Seng He leg. GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ ( SCAU), CHINA: Guangdong, Yingde City, Shimengtai Nature Reserve , 2017. VI.7, Na Li leg.   ; 1♂ ( SCAU), CHINA: Guangdong, Shaoguan City, Wujiang Dist., Jiangwan Town , Liangwu Village , 167m, 113°14′11″E, 24°38′22″N, 2016. V.28, light trap, Jian-Ling Guo leg. GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ ( CZMZ), CHINA: Fujian, Sanming City , 2009.VII, Zhen Shi & Yang He leg.   ; 1♂, 1♀ ( CZZ), CHINA: Fujian, Longyan City, Huanglianyu , 800–1000m, 2018. II.12, larvae collected by Zheng Zhang   , emerged in 2018.V (examined through photos by Zheng Zhang); 1♂ ( CCCC), CHINA: Guangxi, Hechi City, Huanjiang County, Mount Jiuwanshan , 1180m, 2015. V.30, light trap, Yan-Quan Lu leg.   ; 2♂♂ ( CZMZ), CHINA: Guangxi, Nanning City, Wuming County, Mount Damingshan , 2013. VI, Yan-Quan Lu leg.   ; 1♂ ( CZMZ), CHINA: Yunnan, Xishuangbanna , 2012.I, larva collected by George Geshev.   ; 1♂ ( CTZY), LAOS: Vientiane, Vang Vieng City , 2014. IX.18 (examined through photos by Zhao-Yang Tang)   ; 1♂ ( ZFMK), NE-LAOS: Hua Phan prov.; Ban Saleui, Phou Pan ( Mt. )- 20°12′ N, 104°01′ E 11.iv. –15.v.2012, 1300–1900m leg. C. Holzschuh—ZFMK Ankauf 2012 (examined accoding to photos by Carsten Zorn) GoogleMaps   .

Remarks. Three male specimens respectively from Yunnan ( Fig. 20 View FIGURES 18–26 ) and Laos are the black form, which is identical to the original description of P. indica   . While the examined specimens from Guangdong ( Fig. 19 View FIGURES 18–26 ) and Fujian both exhibit a strong sexual dichroism. All males from these two provinces match the description of P. fruh- storferi (Ohaus 1902), which had later been considered as a reddish form of P. indica ( Ohaus 1905)   ; while females from the same provinces are the black form. The male individuals from Guangxi belong to the reddish form as well. In addition to the two color forms mentioned above, intermediate color forms were also recorded from Vietnam ( Kuijten 1992). Besides, parameres of the specimens from Yunnan ( Figs. 25, 26 View FIGURES 18–26 ) and Hua Phan are longer than specimens from Guangdong ( Figs. 23, 24 View FIGURES 18–26 ) and Guangxi, with apex acuter. The regularities of the color forms and genital characters from different localities in this species seem to be complex. Examinations of additional specimens from adjacent counties are required to make a summary concerning their taxonomic significances.

Natural history. Adults can be attracted by mercury light. Larvae were found in large pieces of decayed wood. The pupa is cradled in the inflated last larval skin ( Fig. 43 View FIGURES 40–46 ).

Distribution. China (new record): Guangxi, Guangdong, Fujian, Yunnan; Laos (new record): Vientiane, Hua Phan; India; Bhutan; Thailand; Vietnam.

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

CCCC

Carthage College

ZFMK

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Rutelidae

Genus

Parastasia

Loc

Parastasia indica Ohaus, 1898

Zhao, Ming-Zhi 2019
2019
Loc

Parastasia fruhstorferi

Zorn, C. & Bezdek, A. 2016: 357
Zorn, C. 2006: 277
Kuijten, P. 1992: 91
Ohaus, F. 1934: 104
Ohaus, F. 1905: 97
1905
Loc

Parastasia indica

Zorn, C. & Bezdek, A. 2016: 357
Zorn, C. 2006: 277
Kuijten, P. 1992: 91
Machatschke, J. W. 1972: 43
Paulian, R. 1958: 84
Ohaus, F. 1934: 104
Arrow, G. J. 1917: 43
Ohaus, F. 1900: 256
1900