Benthodytes sanguinolenta Theel , 1882, Theel, 1882

Glover, Adrian G, Wiklund, Helena, Rabone, Muriel, Amon, Diva J, Smith, Craig R, O'Hara, Tim, Mah, Christopher L & Dahlgren, Thomas G, 2016, Abyssal fauna of the UK- 1 polymetallic nodule exploration claim, Clarion-Clipperton Zone, central Pacific Ocean: Echinodermata, Biodiversity Data Journal 4, pp. 7251-7251: 7251

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.4.e7251

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scientific name

Benthodytes sanguinolenta Theel , 1882
status

 

Benthodytes sanguinolenta Theel, 1882  

Materials

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: d0062182-89dc-4deb-b746-688289783b5f; recordNumber: NHM_216; recordedBy: Adrian Glover, Helena Wiklund, Thomas Dahlgren, Maggie Georgieva; individualCount: 1; preparations: tissue and DNA voucher stored in 80% non-denatured ethanol aqueous solution; otherCatalogNumbers: 5023498; associatedSequences: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/KU519546 | KU519513; Taxon: taxonConceptID: Benthodytescf.sanguinolenta; scientificName: Benthodytessanguinolenta; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Echinodermata; class: Holothuroidea; order: Elasipodida; family: Psychropotidae; genus: Benthodytes; scientificNameAuthorship: Théel, 1882; Location: waterBody: Pacific; stateProvince: Clarion Clipperton Zone; locality: UK Seabed Resources Ltd exploration claim UK-1 ; verbatimLocality: UK-1 Stratum A; maximumDepthInMeters: 4063; locationRemarks: RV Melville Cruise MV1313; decimalLatitude: 13.9629; decimalLongitude: -116.5513; geodeticDatum: WGS84; Identification: identifiedBy: Diva Amon, David Pawson, Adrian Glover, Helena Wiklund, Thomas Dahlgren; dateIdentified: 2015-06-01; identificationRemarks: identified by DNA and morphology; identificationQualifier: cf; Event: samplingProtocol: Remotely Operated Vehicle; eventDate: 2013-10-15; eventTime: 23:15; habitat: Abyssal plain; fieldNumber: RV03; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: NHMUK; collectionCode: ZOO; datasetName: ABYSSLINE; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimen GoogleMaps  

Description

Morphologically agrees with either Benthodytes sanguinolenta   or Benthodytes typica   both from Théel 1882 (Fig. 17).

Genetic data for this taxa with new GenBank accession numbers are provided in Table 2

Diagnosis

Forms a unique monophyletic clade distinct from other AB01 specimens and no match (16S) to any GenBank or BOLD databases. Morphologically consistent with Benthodytes sanguinolenta   or B. typica   . The type locality of B. sanguinolenta   is in the Pacific ocean (34°7'S; 73°56'W, 4000m depth) while type locality of B. typica   is Atlantic (35°47'N; 8°23'W, 2000m depth) ( Théel 1882). We assign the tentative name Benthodytes cf. sanguinolent   to this material until we have a better understanding of genetic variation within the species B. sanguinolenta   and B. typica   including data from the type localities.

Ecology

Observed moving on the seabed amongst polymetallic nodules.