Cerotainia sola, Scarbrough & Perez-Gelabert, 2006

Scarbrough, Aubrey G. & Perez-Gelabert, Daniel E., 2006, A review of the asilid (Diptera) fauna from Hispaniola with six genera new to the island, fifteen new species, and checklist, Zootaxa 1381, pp. 1-91: 39-42

publication ID

1175­5334

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B1C4BACE-8DA8-4051-9CFC-E6AB2C7BE9BB

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E5198780-4F62-FF9C-6328-D73DFE08AA0B

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Cerotainia sola
status

sp. nov.

Cerotainia sola   sp. nov.

( Table 1, Figs. 33–36, 120)

Male. Black, scutum and abdomen dorsally with minute punctations and short, decumbent setae. Measurements, body 4.3–5.8 mm; wing 3.3–5.0 mm. Head. Mostly yellowish-gray tomentose, yellowish setose. Face with narrow margin of eye yellow, mystax whitish or yellowish setose, 3–6 long setae blackish. Palpus and proboscis yellowish setose. Antenna mostly black setose, scape with one contrastingly long, sometimes yellow, seta ventrally; scape 10 times longer than pedicel; flagellum longer than combined length of pedicel and scape; apical 1/3 of flagellum with small spur-like process dorsally and elongate, oval, white sensory area on inner surface. Frons yellowish-gray tomentose. Vertex yellowishgray tomentose anteriorly, bare or sparsely brownish tomentose posteriorly and on to occiput dorsally, surface shiny black in dorsal view. Occiput mostly gray tomentose, shiny area dorsally bordered ventrally with yellow or brownish tomentum; white setose; stout yellowish or brownish-yellow bristles dorsally.

Thorax. Black, with bluish reflections dorsally; length greater than wide. Pronotum yellow tomentose. Scutum with short decumbent setae, anterior broadly, lateral and posterior margins narrowly yellow setose, medially setae blackish in lateral view, brownish or yellowish in dorsal view; lateral bristles yellow or brownish-yellow. Scutellum yellowish setose; mediotergite and anatergite brownish tomentose; anatergite bristles short, stout, and black or brownish-yellow. Pleura yellowish-gray or gray tomentose, vesititure usually yellowish, sometimes whitish; anepisternum atomentose with long yellow setae. Halter creamy yellow or white.

Wing: Brownish, costal cell darkest, anal lobe hyaline basally; entirely brownish microtrichose; iridescent. Vein R 4 abruptly curved anteriorly before apex; R 5 almost straight. Cell m 1 narrowly convergent at wing margin. Cell m 3 usually without M 3 vein apically, if present short, spur-like, never reaching wing margin.

Legs. Black, tibiae and tarsi rarely uniformly brown, with whitish or yellowish setae and yellow bristles.

Abdomen: About twice as long as thorax, narrow, 5 times as long as segment 2. Ground color black with blue reflections; yellow setose, short setae dorsally mixed with black, setae much longer laterally, those on tergites 1–2 laterally whitish. Narrow margins of tergites 2–4 whitish tomentose laterally; apical corner of tergite 5 narrowly and wide margin of 6 dull yellowish. Sternites dull grayish tomentose.

Terminalia ( Figs. 33–36): Aedeagus yellow or brownish-yellow, apex short, trifid.

Female. Measurements, body 5.4–6.0 mm, wing 4.2–4.6 mm.

Types. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Pedernales prov. 25 km N / of Cabo Rojo / 18 o 06.769'N, 71 o 37.245'W / 679 meters 19 June 2005 / N.E.Woodley (holotype ♂, USNM) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes, Hato Mayor [province], Parque Los / Haitises , 3 km W Cueva / de Arena, 19-04N, 69-29W) [19 o 04'N, 69 o 29'W]. ~ 20 m. 7–9 July 1992 / R.Davidson, J.Rawlins / S.Thompson, C.Young / Mesic lowland forest (1 ♂, CMNH) GoogleMaps   ; RD-148 Up 100 m from El Sitio / del Agua , cloud forest N Los Bolos, / Sierra de Neiba , Independencia prov. / 18 o 39.339'N, 71 o 39.279'W, 1,520 m, / 9.vii.2003, D.Perez, R.Bastardo, B.Hierro. (day/night) (2 ♂, USNM) GoogleMaps   ; La Altagracia prov., P.N. del / Este, Boca de Yuma / 18 o 21.508'N, 68 o 36.956'W / 3–20 meters, 20 July 2004 / N.E.Woodley (1 ♂, USNM) GoogleMaps   ; La Altagracia prov., P.N. del / Este, Boca de Yuma / 18 o 21.508'N, 68 o 36.956'W / 3–20 meters, 6 July 2006 / N.E.Woodley (1 ♂, USNM) GoogleMaps   ; same data as holotype (1 ♂, 1 ♀, USNM) GoogleMaps   ; Pedernales [province], Las Abejas / 38 km NNW Cabo Rojo, / 18-09N, 71-38W [18 o 09'N, 71 o 38'W]. ~ 1250 m. 15 July 1987 / John E.Rawlins and / Robert L.Davidson (2 ♂, CMNH) GoogleMaps   ; Pedernales [province], 26 km / N Cabo Rojo, / (18-06N, 71-38W) [18 o 06'N, 71 o 38'W] ~ 13–20 July 1990 / L.Masner, J.Rawlins / C.Young. Wet deciduous / forest: intercept trap (1 ♂, 3 ♀, CMNH) GoogleMaps   ; same data except 19–25 July 1990 (2 ♀, CMNH) GoogleMaps   ; RD- 264 km 25 rd. Cabo Rojo / - Aceitillar , Pedernales prov., / 678 m, 10.vii.2004, D. Perez (2 ♂, 2 ♀, MHND)   ; RD-262 La Charca, km 30 / road Cabo Rojo – Aceitillar , / Pedernales prov., 9.vii.2004, / D.Perez (d) (4 ♂, 8 ♀, USNM)   ; RD-266 Las Abejas, P N / Sierra de Bahoruco, Peder- / nales prov., 1,310 m, 18 o 09.011'N, 71 o 37.342'W, / 11.vii.2004, D.Perez (d/n) (2 ♂, 1 ♀, USNM) GoogleMaps   . PUERTO RICO: Rio Abajo / State Forest / 18 o 18'N, 66 o 45'W / 22 June 2002 / N.E.Woodley (1 ♂, 1 ♀, USNM) GoogleMaps   .

Distribution. Captured at low to high (20–1250) elevations during June and July from

Hato Mayor, Independencia, La Altagracia, and Pedernales provinces in the Dominican  

Republic and Puerto Rico. Etymology. Latin sola   referring to it being the only known species of the genus in Hispaniola and Puerto Rico.

Remarks. Cerotainia sola   is similar to C. laticeps Bromley (1929)   but differs in the yellowish tomentum of the head, blackish setae on the face and the scutum, yellowish setae of the head, thorax, and legs, black legs, brownish wings, narrow abdomen and terminalia ( Figs. 33–36). In C. laticeps   the frons is silvery tomentose, the setae of the scutum is entirely brassy, the tibiae are brown with narrow apices black, the hyaline wing, and broad abdomen.

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

CMNH

The Cleveland Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Asilidae

Genus

Cerotainia