Orthocis punctatus ( Mellie , 1849), Mellie, 1849

Lopes-Andrade, Cristiano, Webster, Reginald P., Webster, Vincent L., Alderson, Chantelle A., Hughes, Cory C. & Sweeney, Jon D., 2016, The Ciidae (Coleoptera) of New Brunswick, Canada: New records and new synonyms, ZooKeys 573, pp. 339-366: 353-356

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scientific name

Orthocis punctatus ( Mellie , 1849)

new to New Brunswick

Taxon classification Animalia Coleoptera Ciidae

Orthocis punctatus ( Mellie, 1849)   new to New Brunswick Fig. 14

Material examined.

New Brunswick, Carleton Co., Jackson Falls, "Bell Forest", 46.2200°N, 67.7231°W, 9-14.V.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère // Rich Appalachian hardwood forest with some conifers, Lindgren funnel trap (1, AFC); same locality and habitat data but 8-23.V.2012, 14-29.VIII.2012, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Lindgren funnel traps in canopy of in Tilia americana   (1, AFC; 1, RWC). Gloucester Co., Bathurst, Daly Point Nature Preserve, 47.6392°N, 65.6098°W, 15-25.VI..2015, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Mixed forest, black Lindgren funnel trap 1 m high (1, AFC). Kent Co., Kouchibouguac National Park, 46.8072°N, 64.9100°W, 21-27.V.2015, 12-24.VI.2015, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Jackpine forest, Lindgren funnel traps, 1 m high (2, AFC; 1, RWC). Northumberland Co., ca. 1.5 km NW of Sevogle, 47.0939°N, 65.8387°W, 14-28.V.2013, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Populus tremuloides   stand with a few conifers, Lindgren funnel trap 1 m high under Populus tremuloides   (1, AFC); ca. 2.5 km W of Sevogle, 47.0876°N, 65.8613°W, 1-14.V.2013, 11-25.VI.2014, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Old Pinus banksiana   stand, Lindgren funnel traps (2, AFC); Upper Graham Plains, 47.1001°N, 66.8154°W, 28.V-10.VI.2014, 24.VI-9.VII.2014, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Old black spruce forest, Lindgren funnel traps (2, AFC). Queens Co., Cranberry Lake P.N.A., 46.1125°N, 65.6075°W, 12-21.V.2009, 21-27.V.2009, 6-14.VIII.2009, R.P. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, coll. // Old red oak forest, Lindgren funnel traps (1, AFC; 2, RWC); C.F.B. Gagetown, 45.7516°N, 66.1866°W, 9-22.V.2013, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Old mixed forest with Quercus rubra   , Lindgren funnel trap in canopy of Quercus rubra   (1, AFC). Restigouche Co., Dionne Brook P.N.A., 47.9064°N, 68.3441°W, 31. V– 15.VI.2011, 15-27.VI.2011, M. Roy & V. Webster // Old-growth white spruce & balsam fir forest, Lindgren funnel traps (1, CELC; 2, RWC); ca. 3 km SE of Simpsons Field, 47.5277°N, 66.5142°W, 28. V– 15.VI.2015, 25. VI– 10.VII.2015, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Old cedar & spruce forest with Populus balsamifera   & Populus tremuloides   , Lindgren funnel traps (2, AFC). Sunbury Co., Acadia Research Forest, 45.9866°N, 66.3441°W, 13-19.V.2009, 19-25.V.2009, 2-9.VI.2009, 8-13.VII.2009, R.P. Webster & M.-A. Giguère // Red spruce forest with red maple & balsam fir, Lindgren funnel traps (3, AFC; 2 RWC); Gilbert Island, 45.8770°N, 66.2954°W, 25.VII-8.VIII.2012, 13-23.V.2013, C. Alderson, C. Hughes, & V. Webster // Hardwood forest, Lindgren funnel trap in canopy of Tilia americana   (1) and Ulmus americana   (1) (2, AFC); Sunpoke Lake, 45.7656°N, 66.5550°W, 15-27.VIII.2012, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Red oak forest near seasonally flooded marsh, Lindgren funnel trap 1 m high under Quercus rubra   (1, AFC). York Co., 15 km W of Tracy off Rt. 645, 45.6848°N, 66.8821°W, 8-15.VI.2009, 28. VI– 7.VII.2009, R.P. Webster & M.-A. Giguère // Old red pine forest, Lindgren funnel traps (2, RWC); 14 km WSW of Tracy S of Rt. 645, 45.6741°N, 66.8661°W, 26.V-2.VI.2010, R. Webster & C. MacKay, coll. // Old mixed forest with red & white spruce, red & white pine, balsam fir, eastern white cedar, red maple & Populus   sp., Lindgren funnel trap (1, RWC); Fredericton, Odell Park, 45.9539°N, 66.6666°W, 3-15.V.2013, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Hardwood stand, Lindgren funnel trap 1 m high under trees (1, AFC); Charters Settlement, 45.8395°N, 66.7391°W, 9.VII.2008, R.P. Webster // Mixed forest, m. v. light (1, CELC); Douglas, Currie Mountain, 45.9832°N, 66.7564°W, 3-15.V.2013, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Old Pinus strobus   stand, Lindgren funnel trap in canopy of Pinus strobus   (1, AFC); Douglas, Currie Mountain, 45.9844°N, 66.7592°W, 3-15.V.2013, 27. V– 10.VI.2013, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Mixed forest with Quercus rubra   , Lindgren funnel trap in canopy of Quercus rubra   (1), 1 m high under Quercus rubra   (1) (1, AFC, 1, NBM); Keswick Ridge, 45.9962°N, 66.8781°W, 4-19.VI.2014, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Mixed forest, Lindgren funnel trap 1 m high under trees (1, AFC); Eel River P.N.A., 45.8966°N, 67.6345°W, 21. V– 2.VII.2014, 28. VII– 12.VIII.2014, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Old-growth eastern white cedar swamp/fen, Lindgren funnel traps (1, AFC; 1, NBM).

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

AK, NT, BC, AB, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NF ( Bousquet et al. 2013). All but one of the new records of Orthocis punctatus   ( Mellié) from NB were based on specimens captured in Lindgren funnel traps. Orthocis punctatus   is widespread (21 localities) and one of the most common species of Ciidae   in NB. Specimens were captured in hardwood, mixed, and conifer forests.

Taxonomic notes.

There is evidence that Orthocis punctatus   comprises at least two species in North America and that they may be conspecific to European species. This problem was first noted by Lawrence (1971), but he kept all known forms under the same name due to the lack of a comparative study of male genitalia. The matter is beyond the scope of this project, and we prefer to attribute the name Orthocis punctatus   to the species from NB.