Probolomyrmex cegua, Oliveira & Feitosa, 2019

Oliveira, Aline M. & Feitosa, Rodrigo M., 2019, Taxonomic revision of the genus Probolomyrmex Mayr, 1901 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Proceratiinae) for the Neotropical Region, Zootaxa 4614 (1), pp. 61-94: 75-77

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Probolomyrmex cegua

New species

Probolomyrmex cegua   New species

( Figs. 14 View FIGURE 14 , 15 View FIGURE 15 )

Holotype: NICARAGUA: Jinotega: RN Datanlí El Diablo, 13.09543, -85.85804, 1310m, 20.v.2011, LLAMA, #Wm-D- 04-2-03, (worker) [ CASC, unique specimen identifier CASENT0629220]. GoogleMaps  

Paratype: same data as holotype, except: 13.10974, -85.86772, 1440m, 18.v.2011, LLAMA, #Wa-D- 04-1-35 (1 worker) [ DZUP, unique specimen identifer CASENT0629183] GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis: Petiole unarmed; postero-ventral lobe short and evenly rounded; subpetiolar process weakly developed. Prora present; dorsal protuberance on posterior region of first gastral tergite absent.

Worker measurements: (n=2) HL 0.67–0.69; HW 0.41–0.43; SL 0.41–0.43; WL 81–83; PL 0.35–0.37; PW 0.33–0.34; PH 0.28–0.29; TL 1.92–2.93; CI 61–62; SI 61–62; PI 77.5–78.9.

Worker description: Frontoclypeal shelflike projection micropunctate. Mandibles foveated, interval between the foveae covered by micropunctures; external surface of mandibular basal margin smooth ( Fig. 14B View FIGURE 14 – esm). Tip of apical segment of antennae bearing different sized pits ( Fig. 14C View FIGURE 14 – Ap). Mesopleuron, metapleuron and lateral faces of propodeum alveolate and foveated; alveoli denser just above metapleural gland orifice; opening of metapleural gland narrow, with a smooth anterior region, surrounded rows of hairs ( Fig. 14D View FIGURE 14 ). Petiolar node and postero-ventral lobe of petiole with incomplete foveae and micropunctures; subpetiolar process and latero-ventral region of petiole alveolate ( Fig. 14E View FIGURE 14 ). Posterior region of second gastral segment with foveae.

Space between mesosomal foveae covered by dense pubescence. Pygidium with dense pubescence.

Head 1.6 times longer than wide ( Fig. 15B View FIGURE 15 ). Hypostomal margin curved ( Fig. 14B View FIGURE 14 – he). Antennal scapes extend to head midlength, distance from scape apex to of head more than two times pedicel length (SI 61–62). Propodeum emarginated posteriorly on each side by a narrow carina, with teeth at their apexes. Petiole 1.3 times longer than high (PI 77.5–78.9), without projections of any kind; posterior face short, straight, and smooth; postero-ventral lobe short, evenly rounded; subpetiolar process weakly developed ( Fig 14E View FIGURE 14 ). First gastral segment with prora; dorsal protuberance on posterior region of tergite absent ( Figs. 14A View FIGURE 14 , 15A View FIGURE 15 ).

Etymology: The name refers to a folkloric figure from Nicaragua, known as La Cegua. She is a woman that walks through the woods and back roads, attracting drunk and unfaithful men and asking them for a ride. She poses as a beautiful lady so, men give her a ride, but when they turn around, instead of beholding the enchanting companion, they see a monster with the skull of a horse and fiery red eyes. The words she speaks to these men are so horrific that the victim goes insane instantaneously and never recovers ( Janzen, 2012). The name is applied here as a noun in apposition.

Distribution ( Fig. 28 View FIGURE 28 ): Nicaragua (Jinotega).

Comments: Probolomyrmex cegua   is similar to P. lamellatus   sp. n., but has propodeal angles, absent in P. lamellatus   sp. n., and the postero-ventral lobe of the petiole is rounded.

Specimens come from Reserva Natural Datanlí El Diablo, which is a patchy matrix of private coffee farms and primary and secondary cloud forests. The holotype was obtained from a sifted leaf-litter sample collected in a primary cloud forest, with many large oak trees and abundant tree ferns. The paratype was also found in a leaf litter sample from a montane wet forest, near coffee and agricultural clearings. Both localities are above 1300 meters of altitude.


Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure