Pseudobranchiomma schizogenica Tovar-Hernandez and Dean, 2014, Tovar-Hernandez and Dean, 2014

Yanez-Rivera, Beatriz, Tovar-Hernandez, Maria Ana, Galvan-Villa, Cristian Moises & Rios-Jara, Eduardo, 2020, Tubicolous polychaete worms (Annelida) from Bahia de Chamela Islands Sanctuary, Mexico, with the description of a new bamboo worm, Biodiversity Data Journal 8, pp. 57572-57572: 57572

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e57572

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:CE3CFA74-ABAA-48A4-9EB2-2776C731837F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/EAA4594F-73B6-5264-A0CD-01B90C6CEFEF

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Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Pseudobranchiomma schizogenica Tovar-Hernandez and Dean, 2014
status

 

Pseudobranchiomma schizogenica Tovar-Hernandez and Dean, 2014  

Pseudobranchiomma schizogenica   in Tovar-Hernández and Dean 2014: 936-944, figs. 1-5.- Keppel et al. 2019: 67-68, fig. 6.- Tovar-Hernández et al. 2019: 5, fig. 2C.

Materials

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: LEMA-PO168; recordedBy: Beatriz Yáñez-Rivera; individualCount: 3; sex: Hermaphrodite; lifeStage: Adult; reproductiveCondition: Ripe; Taxon: phylum: Annelida; class: Polychaeta; order: Sabellida; family: Sabellidae; genus: Pseudobranchiomma; Location: higherGeographyID: Pacific Ocean; higherGeography: Tropical Eastern Pacific; continent: America; islandGroup: Islas de Chamela; island: Isla Pajarera; country: México; countryCode: MX; stateProvince: Jalisco; municipality: La Huerta; maximumDepthInMeters: 9; verbatimLatitude: 19°33 ’22’’ N; verbatimLongitude: 105°06 ’50’’ W; Identification: identifiedBy: María Ana Tovar-Hernández; Event: samplingProtocol: Scuba dive; eventDate: June 27, 2013; year: 2013; month: 6; day: 27; habitat: On rock; fieldNumber: Site 21; Record Level: language: Spanish; institutionID: Universidad de Guadalajara; collectionID: Colección Biológica del Laboratorio de Ecosistemas Marinos y Acuicultura; institutionCode: UDG; collectionCode: LEMA GoogleMaps  

Description

Gregarious fan worms. Soft, thin and flexible tubes composed of fine sand. Body length 12-18 mm, 1 mm width. Radiolar crown 9-12 mm long with 8 pairs of radioles. Thorax with eight chaetigers and abdomen with 59-62 chaetigers. Base of branchial crown purple (Fig. 13 View Figure 13 A). Radioles with paired eyes along the entire length (Fig. 13 View Figure 13 A-A1). Radioles with paired flanges (Fig. 13 View Figure 13 A, C). Body with purple maculae (Fig. 13 View Figure 13 A) and interramal eyespots along the body, located between nopodium and neuropodium (Fig. 13 View Figure 13 A-B).

Taxon discussion

At first view, Pseudobranchiomma   can be confused with Branchiomma   because both are commonly gregarious, their bodies are full of purple maculae and both have interramal eyes and radioles with paired eyes. However, Branchiomma   has long stylodes as tongue or straps-like filaments along radioles, easily seen under a stereoscope. In the Southern Gulf of California, it has been reported associated with man-made substrates in densities reaching 487 ind/m2, associated often with the invasive sabellid Branchiomma bairdi   ( Tovar-Hernández and Dean 2014). Both species have been reported as introduced in Australia ( Capa and Murray 2015, Capa and Murray 2016) and both species have been also registered in Galapagos by Keppel et al. (2019): B. bairdi   as introduced, whereas P. schizogenica   inside their natural distribution area. As its reproduction is mainly by architomy (fission, asexual reproduction), it is common to find small specimens or clones in a chain below the parental worm ( Tovar-Hernández and Dean 2014).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Annelida

Class

Polychaeta

Order

Sabellida

Family

Sabellidae

Genus

Pseudobranchiomma

Loc

Pseudobranchiomma schizogenica Tovar-Hernandez and Dean, 2014

Yanez-Rivera, Beatriz, Tovar-Hernandez, Maria Ana, Galvan-Villa, Cristian Moises & Rios-Jara, Eduardo 2020
2020
Loc

Pseudobranchiomma schizogenica

Tovar-Hernandez and Dean 2014
2014