Pyropteron affinis ( Staudinger, 1856 )

Bartsch, Daniel, Pühringer, Franz, Milla, Liz, Lingenhöle, Arthur & Kallies, Axel, 2021, A molecular phylogeny and revision of the genus Pyropteron Newman, 1832 (Lepidoptera, Sesiidae) reveals unexpected diversity and frequent hostplant switch as a driver of speciation, Zootaxa 4972 (1), pp. 1-75: 54

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4972.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E78473FE-5662-409A-90C2-7C4912DC57E8

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4914596

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/EB498780-E804-FFEF-5BA4-FF09BCE3FF0A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pyropteron affinis ( Staudinger, 1856 )
status

 

Pyropteron affinis ( Staudinger, 1856)  

( Figs 35 View FIGURES 31–38 , 171–173 View FIGURES 171–179 , 180–182 View FIGURES 180–186 , 187, 188 View FIGURES 187–190 )

Sesia affinis Staudinger, 1856   : Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung, 17 (3/12): 278. Lectotype ♀: Italy, Südtirol , Bozen (MFNB).

This small species is widespread but local in the southern part of Europe. It is similar to several other species of grey-colored Pyropteron   and can also be confused with some species of Chamaesphecia   . In northern Africa it is replaced by the closely related and similar P. erodiiphaga   and P. atlantis   .

Barcodes. Pyropteron affinis   shows substantial heterogeneity in barcode sequences with up to 2.6% differences across all specimens. There is, however, no clear geographical pattern. Thus, at present there is little support for hidden, taxonomically relevant diversity. It is sister to P. erodiiphaga   , and both species, together with P. atlantis   , form a well-supported clade that is sister to the most speciose clade in Pyropteron   , the P. muscaeformis   species group.

Biology and habitat. This species occurs in warm places on sandy, stony or rocky ground. The larvae live in the upper parts of the woody roots of Helianthemum species   ( Cistaceae   ). Their presence is indicated by yellow to brownish-red excrement extruded from the bore and often adhering to the root or lowest branches of the plant close to the ground. Pupation takes place without cocoon in the gallery of the larva. Development takes one year.

Distribution. This species is known from the Iberian Peninsula through central and southern Europe, eastwards to Turkey and the Caucasus region; it is missing from the Mediterranean islands except for Sicily ( Bella et al. 2017, Laštůvka & Laštůvka 1995, 2001, Špatenka et al. 1999). Based on Gorbunov (pers. communication), this species is absent from Crimea.

Specimens examined. 2♀, Spain, Granada, Sierra Nevada, Pico del Veleta—Mojón del Trigo , 2600 m, 4. VII   .2000, leg. FP (BOX-2219 H04); 1♂, ibid., 8. VII   .2000, leg. FP (DNAtax 02591, gen. prep. FP 01/06); 1♂, ibid., 9. VII   .2000, leg. FP (DNAtax 02590, gen. prep. FP 01/15); 2♂, Spain, Granada, Baza , 900 m, e.l. 16.–17. V   .1999, leg. RB (BOX-2219 H07, DNAtax 02611, gen. prep. FP 02/15); 2♂, Spain, Granada, zw. Benamaurel u. Cullar Baza , 770 m, 30.IV.1999, leg. FP (DNAtax 03-04, photo 38/3/29-31)   ; 4♂, Spain, Granada, W Castillejar , 770–810 m, 26.IV.1999, leg. FP (DNAtax 03-02, photo 37/6/3-27)   ; 4♂, ibid., 30.IV.1999, leg. FP ( CFP)   ; 2♂, 1♀, Spain, Sierra Baza , e.l. ex Helianthemum sp.   , adults 19. and 30. V   .1999, leg. RB (1♂, Bartsch gen. prep. 2013-02) ( Fig. 181 View FIGURES 180–186 ); Spain, Pyrenees, Esterri d’Aneu, e.l. ex Helianthemum sp.   , adults 1. and 30. V   .1992, leg. DB; 3♂, France, Provence , Esterel, Agay, 26. VI   .1991, leg. DB; 1♂, France, Provence, Noyers, 10. VII   .1991, leg. DB; 6♂, Switzerland, Wallis, Gampel, 7. VII   .1992, leg. DB; 1♂, Switzerland, Wallis, Bratsch , e.l. ex Helianthemum sp.   , adult 22. V   .1996, leg. DB; 1♂, Switzerland, Wallis, Leukerfeld , e.l. ex Helianthemum sp.   , adult 27. V   .1996, leg. DB (CDB). 1♂, 4♀, Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Grissheim , e.l. ex H. nummularium   , larvae 28.IV.1991 adults 20. and 22. VI   .1991, 4♂ ( Figs 171–172 View FIGURES 171–179 ) (1♂ Bartsch gen. prep. 2020-09) ( Fig. 180 View FIGURES 180–186 ), 2♀ ( Fig. 173 View FIGURES 171–179 ), ibid., e.l. ex H. nummularium   , larvae 28. XII   .1991, adults III.1992, leg. DB; 1♀, Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Grissheim , e.l. ex H. nummularium   , larva 9. V   ., adult 22.V.1993, leg. DB; 4♂, 4♀, Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Donau, Gutenstein , e.l. ex H. nummularium   , adults 13.IV.–30. V   .1992, leg. DB (1♀, Bartsch gen. prep. 2019-60) ( Fig. 187 View FIGURES 187–190 ); 1♂, 2♀, Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Hartheim, e.l. ex H. nummularium   , larva 12. V   ., adults 4., 6. and 14.VI.1992, leg. DB; 4♂, 1♀, Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kaiserstuhl , Oberbergen, e.l. ex H. nummularium   , larva 20. III   ., adults 29.– 30.V. and 5. VI   .1992, leg. DB (CDB). 1♂, Switzerland, Wallis, Sion , Nax, 700m, 5. VII   .1992, leg. DB ( Bartsch gen. prep. 2007-57) ( SMNS)   ; 1♀, “ Central Europe ” without further data, ex coll. Etzel (Bartsch gen. prep. 2019-58) ( Fig. 188 View FIGURES 187–190 ) ( SMNS)   ; 1♂, Italy, Sicily, Le Madonie, Piano de Bataglia , 1600m, 20. VII   .1996, leg. Bruer (SMNS Lep.-prep. 3701) ( Fig. 182 View FIGURES 180–186 ); 4♂, Italy, Calabria, Sila NP, 10 km ESE Acri , 1080–1120 m, 6. VI   .2009, leg. FP; 3♂, Italy, South Tyrol, Latsch — Sonnenberg, 900 m, 7. VII   .1999, leg. FP (DNAtax 03-05, gen. prep. FP 02/11); 2♂, Italy, Veneto, VR, Monte nr. Sant’ Ambrogio, 3. VI   .1998, leg. FP (photo 33/6/25-34/1/8, 34/1/23-33); 12♂, ibid., 20. VI   .1998, leg. FP (BOX-2219 H06); 7♂, ibid., 10. VII   .1999, leg. FP (gen. preps. FP 02/13, 02/14); 2♂, Austria, Tyrol, Fragenstein nr. Zirl, 700–720 m, 2. VII   .1997, leg. FP (photo 30/3/14-44); 2♀, Austria, Niederösterreich, Gumpoldskirchen N Baden, 12. VI   .1940, leg. R. Pinker   ; 2♀, ibid., 20. VI   .1940, leg. R. Pinker   ; 1♀, ibid., V   .1946, leg. R. Pinker   ; 1♂, Austria, Niederösterreich, Hundsheimer Berg nr. Hainburg, 11. VI   .1989, leg. K. Mazzucco; 1♀, Austria, Niederösterreich, Hundsheimer Kogel nr. Hainburg, 15. VII   .1987, leg. K. Mazzucco; 1♀, Austria, Niederösterreich, Bruck a. d. Leitha — Spitalberg, 15. V   .1915; 2♂, Austria, Niederösterreich, Leithagebirge, leg. Predota   ; 1♂, Austria, Burgenland, Purbach am Neusiedlersee , 5. VII   .1990, leg. L. Ledwinka (gen. prep. FP 02/12); 3♂, Greece, Ioannina, Timfi Mts , Vradeto, 1300 m, 26. VI   .2002, leg. FP (gen. prep. FP 02/33); 3♂, Greece, Aitoloakarnania , Agios Vlasios NE Agrinio, 780 m, 17. VI   .2002, leg. FP (DNAtax 03-06); 4♂, Greece, Peloponnese, Achaia, Kalogria W Kato Achaia, 100–130 m, 10. VI.1997, leg. FP (photo 29/2/5-3/5);   3♂, ibid., 14. VI.1997, leg. FP (gen. prep. FP 98/63);   8♂, ibid., 15. VI.1997, leg. FP (BOX-2219 H05) (CFP).  

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

SMNS

Staatliches Museum fuer Naturkund Stuttgart

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Sesiidae

Genus

Pyropteron

Loc

Pyropteron affinis ( Staudinger, 1856 )

Bartsch, Daniel, Pühringer, Franz, Milla, Liz, Lingenhöle, Arthur & Kallies, Axel 2021
2021
Loc

P. erodiiphaga

Bartsch & Pühringer & Milla & Lingenhöle & Kallies 2021
2021
Loc

Chamaesphecia

Spuler 1910
1910
Loc

Sesia affinis

Staudinger 1856
1856
Loc

Pyropteron

Newman 1832
1832