Pyropteron pipiziformis ( Lederer, 1855 ), Bartsch & Pühringer & Milla & Lingenhöle & Kallies, 2021

Bartsch, Daniel, Pühringer, Franz, Milla, Liz, Lingenhöle, Arthur & Kallies, Axel, 2021, A molecular phylogeny and revision of the genus Pyropteron Newman, 1832 (Lepidoptera, Sesiidae) reveals unexpected diversity and frequent hostplant switch as a driver of speciation, Zootaxa 4972 (1), pp. 1-75: 48-50

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4972.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E78473FE-5662-409A-90C2-7C4912DC57E8

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4914588

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/EB498780-E81E-FFE8-5BA4-F9E1BA08FC16

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pyropteron pipiziformis ( Lederer, 1855 )
status

comb. nov.

Pyropteron pipiziformis ( Lederer, 1855)   comb. nov.

( Figs 150–152 View FIGURES 150–164 , 165 View FIGURES 165–170 )

Sesia pipiziformis Lederer, 1855   : Verhandlungen des zoologisch-botanischen Vereins in Wien, Abhandlungen 5: 195, pl. 2 Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 . Holotype: ♂, Lebanon, Beirut (MFNB).

Up to now, this species was classified as a member of the genus Synanthedon   . However, DNA barcode analysis as well as examination of the male genitalia clearly shows the affiliation of this species to Pyropteron   . This was discovered by one of us (Pühringer) and presented at a Sesiidae   symposium some ten years ago, but never published (except temporarily in the ‘Checklist’ (http://www.sesiidae.net/Checklst.htm), as mentioned by Špatenka & Pavlicko 2011). We here transfer this species formally.

Diagnosis. This species is very similar to the following, P. jordanicum   sp. nov., and both are characterized by the orange-red pericephalic scales and abdominal tergite four, the narrow lateral stripe of the abdomen and by the white markings of the legs, which contrasts with its otherwise glossy steel-blue, black colour. The male genitalia are similar to those of P. jordanicum   sp. nov.; see there for differentiation. They are also similar to those of P. leucomelaena   ; however, P. pipiziformis   cannot be confused with this species. The female is unknown to us. Špatenka et al. (1999) state “Not distinctly different from male”.

Barcodes. This and the following species form a well-supported clade within the genus; however, its precise position remains unclear. In all analyses, it groups with P. triannuliformis   and the species of the P. umbrifera   group, albeit with low support. Based on morphology, a close relationship with these species is unlikely, and more work is required to establish its position within the genus.

Biology and habitat. The hostplant is unknown. Styrax officinalis Linnaeus   ( Styracaceae   ) and Cistus sp.   ( Cistaceae   ) were proposed as possible hostplants by ( Špatenka et al. 1999, Špatenka & Pavlicko 2011); however, this appears unlikely based on the hostplant preferences of other species in the genus.

Distribution. This species is known from Lebanon and Syria as well as from the Turkish provinces of Mersin, Adana and Hatay ( Špatenka et al. 1999, Freina & Lingenhöle 2000, Špatenka & Pavlicko 2011).

Note. The single specimen in coll. Lederer (MFNB) is the holotype: “[...] bei Beirut, das einzelne Stück an Weizenähren am Hundsflusse [Nahr al-Kalb] gefangen“ ( Lederer 1855). It was erroneously labelled as the lectotype by Naumann (unpublished) and designated as such by Špatenka & Laštůvka (1989).

Specimens examined. Holotype ♂: Lebanon, Beirut, V.1853, leg. F. Zach; with labels: “ Beirut ”; “ Coll. Led. ”; “Origin.”; “Genitaluntersuchung / C. Naumann praep. / Praep. Nr. 630”; “ Lectotypus ♂ / Sesia pipiziformis   / Lederer, 1855. / teste C. Naumann / des. 1969” ( MFNB). GoogleMaps   12♂ ( Fig. 152 View FIGURES 150–164 ), Turkey, Kirit, 500m, 28.V.1992, leg. Riefenstahl ( SMNS); GoogleMaps   2♂, same data ( AL gen. prep. 114, 115) ( CAL); GoogleMaps   3♂ ( Figs 150–151 View FIGURES 150–164 ), N Syria, Ballozeh , 300m, 35°9,49’N 36°5,425’E, 19.VIII.2008, leg. Špatenka (Bartsch gen. prep. 2019-28) ( Fig. 165 View FIGURES 165–170 ) ( CDB). GoogleMaps  

MFNB

Museo Friulano di Storia Naturale

SMNS

Staatliches Museum fuer Naturkund Stuttgart

AL

Université d'Alger

CAL

Botanical Survey of India

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Sesiidae

Genus

Pyropteron

Loc

Pyropteron pipiziformis ( Lederer, 1855 )

Bartsch, Daniel, Pühringer, Franz, Milla, Liz, Lingenhöle, Arthur & Kallies, Axel 2021
2021
Loc

Sesia pipiziformis

Lederer 1855
1855
Loc

Pyropteron

Newman 1832
1832
Loc

Sesiidae

Boisduval 1828
1828
Loc

Synanthedon

Hubner 1809
1809