Pyropteron chrysidiformis chrysidiformis (Esper, 1782), chrysidiformis (Esper, 1782

Bartsch, Daniel, Pühringer, Franz, Milla, Liz, Lingenhöle, Arthur & Kallies, Axel, 2021, A molecular phylogeny and revision of the genus Pyropteron Newman, 1832 (Lepidoptera, Sesiidae) reveals unexpected diversity and frequent hostplant switch as a driver of speciation, Zootaxa 4972 (1), pp. 1-75: 20

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4972.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E78473FE-5662-409A-90C2-7C4912DC57E8

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4914550

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/EB498780-E822-FFCD-5BA4-FD65BDFFF892

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pyropteron chrysidiformis chrysidiformis (Esper, 1782)
status

 

Pyropteron chrysidiformis chrysidiformis (Esper, 1782)  

( Figs 2a View FIGURE 2 , 3–5 View FIGURES 3–10 , 47–52 View FIGURES 47–55 , 56–57 View FIGURES 56–59 , 60 View FIGURES 60–62 )

Sphinx chrysidiformis Esper, 1782   : Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen: 210. Holotype: ♂, France, Languedoc (MWNS).

Sesia crabroniformis Fabricius, 1793   : Entomologica systematica emendata et aucta: Secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus, 3 (1): 383 [replacement name for Sphinx haemorrhoidalis Cyrillus 1787   ]. Type material: Italy, Naples (not designated).

Sesia polistiformis Boisduval, 1840   : Genera et Index Methodicus Europaeorum Lepidopterorum (Pars I sistens Papiliones, Sphinges, Bombyces, Noctuas): 41. Type material: Southern France (lost?).

Sesia chalcocnemis Staudinger, 1856   : Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung, 17 (3/12): 323. Holotype: ♂, France, Montpellier (MFNB).

Sesia depuiseti Sand, 1879   : Catalogue raisonné des Lépidoptères du Berry et de l’Auvergne: 20. Holotype: Central France, Ardentes (lost).

Sesia chrysidiformis var. joannisi Le Cerf, 1909   : Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France, (7): 118, 119, Fig. 3 View FIGURES 3–10 . Lectotype: ♀, France, Val-d’Oise, Foret de Carnelle (MNHN).

Sesia chrysidiformis f. obturata Le Cerf, 1909   : Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France, (7): 118, Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 . Lectotype: ♀, France, Basses-Alpes , Digne (MNHN).

Sesia chrysidiformis f. nigripes Le Cerf, 1909   : Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France, (7): 118, Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 . Lectotype: ♀, France, Morbihan , Vannes (MNHN).

Sesia rondoui Siepi, 1909   : La Feuilles des Jeunes Naturalistes , 39 (462): 117. Holotype: ♂, France, Marseille, la Treille, vallon de Passe-Lemps (not examined, MHNM?).

Sesia chrysidiformis var. castiliana Le Cerf, 1922   : Études de Lépidoptérologie Comparée , 19 (2): 29. Lectotype: ♂, Spain, perhaps Castilia (MNHN).

Sesia chrysidiformis f. fervens Bytinski-Salz, [1937]   : Memorie della Societa Entomologica Italiana [“1936”], 15 (2): 198. Holotype: ♀, Italy, Sardinia, Oristano (ZMH).

The nominal subspecies of Pyropteron chrysidiformis   is variable and widespread in western Europe. In contrast to the statement in Zahiri et al (2021), the taxon fervens was proposed as a form of Pyropteron chrysidiformis   and is therefore available.

Biology and habitat. The eggs are usually singly laid on the upper surface of leaves of the hostplant, often along the central rib of the leaf (http://www.lepiforum.de accessed 31.VIII.2020, our own observation). Larvae feed in various species of Rumex   ( Laštůvka & Laštůvka 1995, 2001, Špatenka et al. 1999, our own observations). A single or more larvae feed one year in the main root of the hostplant. Habitats are meadows and pastures, fallow lands, road sides and several other ruderal places.

Distribution. South-western and Central Europe, from the Iberian Peninsula to northern and western Italy, throughout France, south-east England, southern Belgium and south-western Germany, also on the Baleares, Corsica and Sardinia ( Laštůvka & Laštůvka 1995, 2001, Špatenka et al. 1999).

Specimens examined. 9♂, 11♀, Portugal, W Algarve, Portimao, Ferragude, 2–3m, e.l. ex Rumex conglomeratus   , larvae 23. III., adults 1.V.–26. V.2006, leg. DB   ; 7♂, 11♀, Portugal, W Algarve, vic. Chabouco, 95m, e.l. ex R. obtusifolius   , larvae 31.X.2012 adults 25.IV.–13. V.2013, leg. DB   ; 2♂, 3♀, Portugal, E Algarve, 2km W Olhao , 5m, e.l. ex R. crispus   , larvae 29.X.2012 adults 15.IV.–19. VI   .2013, leg. DB; 5♂, 2♀, Portugal, E Algarve, Sierra de Alcudia de Cume, Valle de Ebros , 300m, e.l. ex R. pulcher   , larvae 30.X.2012 adults 27.IV.–16. V   .2013, leg. DB; 2♂, Spain, Andalusia, Sierra Cazorla, Burunchel, 1400m, 13. and 14. VI   .1993, leg. DB; 2♂, Spain, Andalusia, Sierra Cazorla, Cotorios, 1400m, 15. and 17. VI   .1993, leg. DB; 1♂, Spain, Andalusia, Sierra Cazorla, Tucor, 1100m, 19. VI   .1993, leg. DB; 1♂, Spain, Sierra Segura, Pontones, 1100m, 16. VI   .1993, leg. DB; 1♂, Spain, Andalusia, Serrania Ronda, Ronda, 600m, 17. VII   .2004, leg. DB; 11♂, 11♀ ( Fig. 52 View FIGURES 47–55 ), Spain, Mallorca, Port de Alcudia , e.l. ex R. obtusifolius   , larvae 28. and 30. III   ., adults 3.IV.–29.VI.2001, leg. DB (CDB); 1♂, Spain, Mallorca, Cala Radjada, 20.–30. V   .2000, leg. Riefenstahl /Rohloff (CCDB-04688-B06) (SMNS); 2♂, Spain, Granada, Sierra Nevada, Cañadillas, 2100 m, 4. VII   .2000, leg. FP (photo 43/2/29-3/3); 2♂, ibid., 2210 m, 8. VII   .2000, leg. FP; 1♂, Spain, Granada, E Güejar-Sierra, 1100 m, 7. VII   .2018, leg. FP; 1♂, Spain, Granada, N Güejar-Sierra, 1510 m, 7. VII   .2018, leg. FP; 1♂, Spain, Granada, Sierra Nevada, Pico del Veleta — Hoya de la Mora, 2520 m, 4. VII   .2000, leg. FP; 2♂, ibid., 8. VII   .2000, leg. FP (DNAtax 03-21); 1♂, Spain, Granada, Sierra Nevada, Pico del Veleta—Mojón del Trigo , 2600 m, 4. VII   .2000, leg. FP; 2♂, ibid., 8. VII   .2000, leg. FP; 2♂, Spain, GR, Sierra Nevada, Juviles S Berchules, 1400 m, 11. VII   .2000, leg. FP; 3♂, Spain, Granada, Cortijo Tovilla ( Sierra de Guillimona ), 1400 m, 24. VI   .2018, leg. FP; 1♂, Spain, Granada, Sierra de Guillimona — Gipfel, 2060 m, 25. VI   .2018, leg. FP; 8♂, Spain, Almeria, Sierra de Maria , 1580–1710 m, 26. VI   .2018, leg. FP; 3♂, ibid., 1680–1710 m, 27. VI   .2018, leg. FP; 6♂, Spain, Guadalajara, Costil de Lobos NE Alustante, 1410 m, 20. VI   .2018, leg. FP; 3♂, Spain, Murcia, Sierra de Espuna , 1410 m, 27. VI   .2018, leg. FP; 7♂, ibid., 1400–1540 m, 28. VI   .2018, leg. FP; 1♂, Spain, Teruel (Aragon), Teruel, 900 m, 22. VI   .2018, leg. FP; 1♂, Spain, Teruel, Portillo de Guadalaviar (El Portillo), 1800 m, 9. VII   .2018, leg. FP; 3♂, Spain, Zaragoza, Torralba de los Frailes, 980 m, 21. VI   .2018, leg. FP (CFP); 9♂, 3♀, France, Cévennes, Gard, vic. St. Hippolyte-du-Fort , 150–250m, e.l. ex R. obtusifolius   , larvae 18.X.2007 adults 17. V   .–1. VI   .2008, leg. DB; 3♂, 7♀, France, Provence, Vaucluse, Abt, 2,3km E Gignac , 610m, larvae 2.X.2016 adults 11.–31. V.2017, leg. DB   ; 13♂, France, Salon de Provence , 23. VI   .1991, leg. DB (CDB); 1♂, France, Provence, Aspres sur Buech , 5. VII   .1991, leg. DB (Bartsch gen. prep. 2020-02) ( Fig. 57 View FIGURES 56–59 ); 2♂ ( Fig. 51 View FIGURES 47–55 ), France, Provence, Canyon de Verdon , Mescla, 27. VI   .1991; leg. DB; 1♀, Germany, Rhineland, Kamp-Bornhofen, 9. VI   .2001, leg. Riefenstahl (Bartsch gen. prep. 2019-22) ( Fig. 56 View FIGURES 56–59 ); 1♂, 1♀, ibid., 6. VI   .2001, leg. Riefenstahl (♀ Bartsch gen. prep. 2019-23) ( Fig. 60 View FIGURES 60–62 ) ( SMNS)   ; 17♂, 17♀, Germany, Palatinate, Landau-Dammheim, e.l. larvae 7.IV., adults 27. V   .–5. VI   .1995, leg. DB; 9♂, 1♀, Germany, Nahe valley , Oberhausen, 20. V   .1990, leg. DB; 3♂ ( Figs 47–48 View FIGURES 47–55 ), 3♀ ( Fig. 49 View FIGURES 47–55 ), Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Tamm-Hohenstange, 270m, e.l. ex R. obtusifolius   , larvae 2.IV., adults 24.IV.–30. V   .2011, leg. DB; 2♂, 5♀, ibid., e.l. ex R. obtusifolius   , larvae 1. III   ., adults 13.V.–5. VI   .2013, leg. DB; 8♂, France, E Corsica, Ghisonacia, Morta, 8. VI   .2019, leg. DB; 5♂, 1♀, France, E Corsica, vic. Aleria, Etang de Diane , 2. VI   .2019, leg. DB; 5♂ ( Fig. 50 View FIGURES 47–55 ), France, E Corsica, Linguizzetta, Marine de Bravone , 11. VI   .2019, leg. DB; 25♂, 1♀, Italy, Sardinia, Ogliastra, Beach between Barisardo and Cardedu , 18. VI   .2009, leg. DB (CDB); 4♂, France, Haute-Garonne, Montbernard, 190 m, 18. VI   .2018, leg. FP; 6♂, ibid., 19. VI   .2018, leg. FP; 1♀, France, Corsica, Evisa, 17. VII   .1929; 1♂, Italy, Sardinia, CA   , Fluminimaggiore, 12.VI.2004, leg. FP; 3♂, Sardinia, CA   , Iglesias, 350 m, 12. VI   .2004, leg. FP; 1♂, Sardinia, CA, Maidopis (Monti dei Sette Fratelli), 550 m, 13. VI.2004, leg. FP   ; 1♂, Sardinia, CA   , Nebida, 300 m, 12. VI   .2004, leg. FP; 5♂, Sardinia, CA   , San Benedetto N Iglesias, 12.VI.2004, leg. FP (BOX-2221 D12); 2♂, Sardinia, NU, Desulo, Asuai, 5 km NE, Nuoro, 800 m, 30. V.1998, leg. FP   ; 1♂, Sardinia, NU   , Nuoro, 5 km NE, 31.V.1998, leg. FP; 3♂, Sardinia, NU   , Riu Berchida S Capo Comino, 10 m, 14. VI   .2004, leg. FP; 2♂, Sardinia, NU   , Santa Lucia (W Siniscola), 29. V   .1998, leg. FP (photo 33/1/24-37); 1♂, ibid., 1. VI   .1998, leg. FP; 2♂, Sardinia, NU   , Sarule, 660 m, 15. VI   .2004, leg. FP; 14♂, 1♀, Sardinia, NU   , Su Cologone E Oliena, 130 m, 1. VI   .1998, leg. FP (photo 33/5/37-49); 1♂, ibid., 16. VI   .2004, leg. FP; 11♂, Sardinia, OR, Putzu Idu N Oristano, 10 m, 15. VI   .2004, leg. FP; 2♂, Sardinia, OR, San Vero Milis N Oristano, 20 m, 15. VI   .2004, leg. FP; 1♂, Sardinia, SS, Oschiri, 200 m, 17. VI   .2004, leg. FP; 3♂, Italy, Ligura, Andora, 9. VI   .2002, leg. R. Leimlehner; überprüfen (ssp): 1♂, Italy, Toscana, SI, Colle di Val d’Elsa , 180 m, 3. VI   .1998, leg. FP (CFP); 3♂, 1♀, Italy, Toscana, vic. Suvereto, Piana de Calzalunga, Parco de Montioni , 50m, e.l. ex R. obtusifolius   , larvae 26.X.2001 adults 24. VI   .–6. VI   .2002, leg. DB (CDB).

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

SMNS

Staatliches Museum fuer Naturkund Stuttgart

CA

Chicago Academy of Sciences

NU

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Sesiidae

Genus

Pyropteron

Loc

Pyropteron chrysidiformis chrysidiformis (Esper, 1782)

Bartsch, Daniel, Pühringer, Franz, Milla, Liz, Lingenhöle, Arthur & Kallies, Axel 2021
2021
Loc

Sesia chrysidiformis f. fervens

Bytinski-Salz 1937
1937
Loc

Sesia chrysidiformis var. castiliana

Le Cerf 1922
1922
Loc

Sesia chrysidiformis var. joannisi

Le Cerf 1909
1909
Loc

Sesia chrysidiformis f. obturata

Le Cerf 1909
1909
Loc

Sesia chrysidiformis f. nigripes

Le Cerf 1909
1909
Loc

Sesia rondoui

Siepi 1909
1909
Loc

Sesia depuiseti

Sand 1879
1879
Loc

Sesia chalcocnemis

Staudinger 1856
1856
Loc

Sesia polistiformis

Boisduval 1840
1840
Loc

Sesia crabroniformis

Fabricius 1793
1793
Loc

Sphinx haemorrhoidalis

Cyrillus 1787
1787