Pyropteron minianiformis xerxes Bartsch, Pühringer, Lingenhöle & Kallies, Bartsch, Puhringer, Lingenhole & Kallies, 2021

Bartsch, Daniel, Pühringer, Franz, Milla, Liz, Lingenhöle, Arthur & Kallies, Axel, 2021, A molecular phylogeny and revision of the genus Pyropteron Newman, 1832 (Lepidoptera, Sesiidae) reveals unexpected diversity and frequent hostplant switch as a driver of speciation, Zootaxa 4972 (1), pp. 1-75: 27

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4972.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E78473FE-5662-409A-90C2-7C4912DC57E8

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4914562

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/EB498780-E82B-FFC3-5BA4-FF06BD5EFA1D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pyropteron minianiformis xerxes Bartsch, Pühringer, Lingenhöle & Kallies
status

ssp. nov.

Pyropteron minianiformis xerxes Bartsch, Pühringer, Lingenhöle & Kallies   ssp. nov.

( Figs 7 View FIGURES 3–10 , 71–74 View FIGURES 63–77 , 81 View FIGURES 78–83 , 89 View FIGURES 84–90 )

This subspecies is the least known of the minianiformis   subspecies. It appears to be limited to Armenia, Azerbaijan and the north-western parts of Iran. Specimens from north-eastern Iran differ significantly from Caucasian specimens in their barcodes and some appear darker, with reduced orange coloration. We here include specimens from the Caspian Sea coast and north-eastern Iran provisionally with P. minianiformis xerxes   ssp. nov. However, more material is needed to clarify the precise status of the populations from Iran.

Diagnosis. Wingspan of holotype 19.0 mm. This new subspecies is generally somewhat darker than the other subspecies. The orange stripe of the inner margin of the tegulae is reduced, marked only caudally by some orangeyellow scales. In the male, the orange-red areas of the forewings are seamlessly merging into black. The hindwing discal spot is distinctly broader, the margins are slightly broader. Males have the fore coxa predominantly black, only laterally narrow orange-yellow. Despite these distinct differences, we found only small differences in the structure of the genitalia. Compared with the nominal subspecies, the female has the ductus bursae shorter, the corpus bursae rounder, less stretched. This character state is shared with ssp. destituta   .

Distribution. Transcaucasia: Armenia, Azerbaijan and northern parts of Iran.

Etymology. This new subspecies is named after Xerxes I., king of the ancient Persian Achaemenid Empire.

Specimens examined. Holotype ♂ ( Figs 72–73 View FIGURES 63–77 ) with labels: “ Armenia: Syunik prov., vic. / Lernadzor , 1570m, / 39°09’50.0’’N 46°12’22.9’’E, / 18.VII.2013, pheromone / leg. D. Bartsch ”; “ Holotypus / Pyropteron   / minianiformis xerxes / ♂ / D. Bartsch, des. 2020” ( SMNS) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes: 1♂, Armenia, Ararat prov., Lanjar, St. Karapet , 1880– 2000m, 7.VII.2013, leg. DB ( CDB)   ; 4♂, Armenia, Syunik prov., N Schvanidzor , 790m, 17.VII.2013, leg. AL   ; 1♂, Armenia, Syunik prov., N Schvanidzor, vic. Kapan , 17.VII.2013, leg. AL ( CAL)   ; 1♀, Armenia, Vayots-Dsor, vic. Saravan , 1670m, 12.VII.2013, leg. AL ( Fig. 74 View FIGURES 63–77 ) ( CAL)   ; 1♂, Azerbaijan, Talysh , Suwand, 1700m, 22. V   .1999, leg. Dolin (CCDB-04685-H06); 1♀, same data (CCDB-04685-H06) ( CMS)   ; 1♀, ibid., 22. V   .2001, leg. Dolin (CCDB- 04686-D05) (CHF); 1♂, Azerbaijan, Talysh , vic. Astara, 22. V   .2001, leg. Dolin & Andreeva (CCDB-04609-A11) (ZSM); 1♂, 1♀, same data, (CCDB-02113-F03)   ; 2♂, same data, Isty-Su, 23.–27. V   .2001; 16♂, Armenia, Schvanidzor, 1700m, 19. VI   .2000, leg. Chuvilin (CCDB-14649-G02); 1♂, Armenia, Kotayk, Garny, 1700m, 11. VI   .2000, leg. Chuvilin (CCDB-14649-G04) (CFP); 1♀, same data, leg. V   . Dolin & Andreeva (CCDB-02113 F03 = FP Lep 00347); 6♂, Armenia, Kotayk, Garny [= Garni], 1700 m, 11. VI   .2000, leg. A. Chuvilin (CCDB-14649 G04); 3♂, Armenia, Ararat, Khosrov Res., 1700 m, 8.–9. VI   .2000, leg. A. Chuvilin; 16♂, Armenia, Meghri , Schvanidzor, 1700 m, 18.–20. VI   .2000, leg. A. Chuvilin (CCDB-14649 G02) (CFP); 1♀, Iran, Guilan, Rudbar, Amarlu, Damash , 1750m, 13– 15.6.2006, leg. Zahiri & Falsafi (slide DB 2019-21) ( Fig. 89 View FIGURES 84–90 ) ( HMIM)   .

Specimens not included in the type series. 1♂, Iran, Mazandaran, Shiragh, Oaroo, 180m, leg. Haj./Gil. (slide DB 2019-20) ( Fig. 81 View FIGURES 78–83 ) (HMIM); 12♂, Iran, Khorasan, NP Golestan, Shar leq valley, 1200 m, 20.VI.2007   , leg. FP (CCDB-02111 F05 = FP Lep 00160, photo 2007/1761-69); 1♂, Iran, NP Golestan, Tange Gol , 790 m, 24.V.2001   , leg. C. Wieser (BOX-2219 F04) (CFP); 1♂, same data, 17.V.2001   , leg. P. Huemer (TLMF); 1♀ ( Fig. 71 View FIGURES 63–77 ), Iran, Khorasan, Birdjand , 1300m, 1951, leg. Schäufele (SMNS).

SMNS

Staatliches Museum fuer Naturkund Stuttgart

CAL

Botanical Survey of India

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

CMS

Christian Missionary Society College

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

HMIM

Jardí Botànic Marimurtra

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Sesiidae

Genus

Pyropteron