Rhoophilus Mayr, 1881

Noort, Simon van, Buffington, Matthew L. & Forshage, Mattias, 2015, Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera), ZooKeys 493, pp. 1-176 : 14-16

publication ID

https://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.493.6353

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1FBFFA4C-A71F-495C-AD22-F2EB680FEF95

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/ED037264-FFFF-2E56-FC65-D1FF1621EE65

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Rhoophilus Mayr, 1881
status

 

Taxon classification Animalia Hymenoptera Cynipidae

Rhoophilus Mayr, 1881

Remarks.

Rhoophilus is morphologically similar to the Holarctic inquiline genera Synergus , Saphonecrus , and Synophrus , all of which typically attack oak cynipid galls. The transverse ridges of the mesoscutum, and a mesopleuron sculptured with longitudinal ridges in Rhoophilus closely resemble characters in several species of the Synergus / Saphonecrus complex. A sister group relationship between Rhoophilus and these three oak inquiline genera was hypothesized by Ronquist (1994) and Liljeblad and Ronquist (1998).

Diagnosis.

Rhoophilus has a closed marginal cell, a character shared with Qwaqwaia . The areolet is triangular as in Phanacis , but larger and more distinct, whereas it is elongate rhomboidal in Qwaqwaia . Rhoophilus lacks an occipital carina as in Phanacis (present in Qwaqwaia ), but has tergites 2 and 3 fused, whereas these are free in Phanacis .

Distribution.

South Africa: Western, Eastern and Northern Cape Provinces.

Biology.

Inquiline forming secondary cells in galls induced by Scyrotis moths ( Cecidosidae ) on Searsia (formerly Rhus ) ( Anacardiaceae) shrubs and trees. The larval cells expand into the hollow interior of the host gall resulting in death of the gall inducing moth larva ( van Noort et al. 2007).

Species richness.

Rhoophilus loewi Mayr, 1881 (South Africa)

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Cynipidae