Phleum phleoides (L.) H.Karst.

Kozhin, Mikhail & Sennikov, Alexander, 2022, New records in non-native vascular plants of Russian Lapland, Biodiversity Data Journal 10, pp. 78166-78166 : 78166

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scientific name

Phleum phleoides (L.) H.Karst.


Phleum phleoides (L.) H.Karst.

Phleum phleoides (L.) H.Karst., Deutsche Fl. 4: 374 (1881) - Phalaris phleoides L., Sp. Pl. 1: 55 (1753).

Phleum phleoides Phleum boehmeri


Native distribution

Central and Southern Europe, Mediterranean, Eastern Europe (temperate), Northern Asia (temperate), Central Asia.

Secondary distribution

Northern Europe, northern part of Northern Asia (established), North America (casual).

Distribution in neighbouring territories

Archeophyte in south-western Finland, neophyte in south-eastern Finland ( Hämet-Ahti 1998a). In Karelia, the species was recorded as a rare casual in ruderal or waste places since the Second World War up to the northern part of the territory ( Kravchenko 2007). In the north-western part of Eastern Europe, the northern limit of its native distribution is situated in Pskov Region ( Tzvelev and Probatova 2019).

New record

Russia. Murmansk Region. Khibiny Mts., vicinity of Khibinogorsk [Kirovsk] Town, wasteland on the north slope of Takhtarvumchorr Ridge, by the way from the bank of Malyi Vud'yavr Lake to Molybdenum Mine, 14.07.1934, O. Polyanskaya (LE 01128388).

Pathways of introduction

Transport - Contaminant: Contaminated bait.

The species was found in disturbed places along the road before the Second World War, thus indicating its possible import with hay.

Period of introduction

USSR, before the Second World War (1918-1941).

This occurrence is strictly casual and can be linked with the period of recording, when imported hay was still commonly used for local horse transportation.

Invasion status

This is a historical record of early casual occurrence. No new records, apparently extinct in the territory.


This species is native to the steppe biome and occurs in grasslands.


Perennial polycarpic. Hemicryptophyte, laxly cespitose.


Although this specimen was deposited in a public collection and revised by all experts, it was not taken into account by the Flora of Murmansk Region ( Kuzeneva 1953) or taxonomic reference books (e.g. Tzvelev and Probatova 2019).

The specimen was originally identified as Phleum boehmeri Wibel, which is a synonym of P. phleoides ( Valdés and Scholz 2009).