Phaedrotoma Foerster, 1862

Li, Xi-Ying, Achterberg, Cornelis van & Tan, Ji-Cai, 2013, Revision of the subfamily Opiinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) from Hunan (China), including thirty-six new species and two new genera, ZooKeys 268, pp. 1-186: 70-72

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.268.4071

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/EE14E7A3-8BD3-F157-F044-70AD452841BA

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Phaedrotoma Foerster, 1862
status

 

Genus Phaedrotoma Foerster, 1862   Figs 196-313

Phaedrotoma   Foerster, 1862: 260. Type species (by original designation): Phaedrotoma depeculator   Foerster, 1862 [examined].

Nosopoea   Foerster, 1862: 260. Type species (by original designation): Opius cingulatus   Wesmael, 1835 [examined]. Syn. n.

Eutrichopsis   Foerster, 1862: 260. Type species (by original designation): Eutrichopsis munda   Foerster, 1862 [examined]. Syn. n.

Tolbia   Cameron, 1907: 85. Type species (by monotypy): Tolbia scaevolae   Cameron, 1907. Syn. n.

Brachycentrus   Szépligeti, 1907: 37 (nec Taschenberg, 1865). Type species (by monotypy): Brachycentrus minutus   Szépligeti, 1907 [examined]. Syn. n.

Baeocentrum   Schulz, 1911: 65 (new name for Brachycentrus   ). Type species (by implication): Brachycentrus minutus   Szépligeti, 1907 [examined]. Syn. n.

Hexaulax   Cameron, 1910: 12. Type species (by monotypy): Hexaulax ruficeps   Cameron, 1910. Syn. n.

Atoreuteus   ; Szépligeti, 1908: 55 (not Foerster 1862).

Coeloreuteus   Roman, 1910: 112. Type species (by original designation): Atoreuteus africanus   Szépligeti, 1908 [examined]. Syn. n.

Neodiospilus   Szépligeti, 1911: 415; Shenefelt 1970: 216; Wharton 1987: 63 (synonymized with Opius   ). Type species (designated by Brues 1926): Neodiospilus flavipes   Szépligeti, 1911 [examined; not Opius flavipes   Szépligeti, 1898; = Opius sepi-valfus   Wharton, 1987 (superfluous new name, because Opius flavipes   Szépligeti, 1898, belongs to the genus Opius   Wesmael s.s.); = Aulonotus kanywareensis   Fischer, 2000 [examined]. Syn. n.]

Neopius   Fischer, 1965: 187. Type species (by original designation): Neopius macrops   Fischer, 1965 [examined; not Neopius   Gahan, 1917]. Syn. n.

Euopius   Fischer, 1967b: 959. Type species (by original designation): Neopius macrops   Fischer, 1965 [examined]. Syn. n.

Gastrosema   Fischer, 1972a: 353. Type species (by original designation): Opius pumilio   Wesmael, 1835 [examined]. Syn. n.

Gerius   Fischer, 1972a: 389. Type species (by original designation): Opius fossulatus   Szépligeti, 1914. Syn. n.

Grimnirus   Fischer, 1972b: 70. Type species (by original designation): Opius fuscicarpus   Szépligeti, 1913. Syn. n.

Hoenirus   Fischer, 1972b: 69. Type species (by original designation): Opius punctulatus   Szépligeti, 1914 [examined; vein 3-CU1 of fore wing subhorizontal and vein CU1b largely reduced]. Syn. n.

Mimirus   Fischer, 1972b: 70 Type species (by original designation): Opius peregrinus   Szépligeti, 1914. [examined; clypeus with small medio-ventral tooth]. Syn. n.

Merotrachys   Fischer, 1972a: 406. Type species (by original designation): Opius laetatorius   Fischer, 1958 [examined;. Syn. n.

Phlebosema   Fischer, 1972a: 350. Type species (by original designation): Opius discreparius   Fischer, 1963. Syn. n.

Neoephedrus   Samanta, Tamili, Saha & Raychaudhuri,1983: 93. Type species (by original designation): Neoephedrus helichrysi   Samanta, Tamili, Saha & Raychaudhuri,1983 [examined]. Syn. n.

Adontopius   Fischer, 1984b: 93. Type species (by original designation): Opius adentatus   Fischer, 1980. Syn. n.

Serius   Tobias & Jakimavičius, 1986: 23. Miswriting for Gerius   Fischer, 1972.

Kainopaeopius   Fischer, 1986: 609. Type species (by original designation): Opius crassicrus   Thomson, 1895 [examined]. Syn. n.

Millenniopius   Fischer, 1996: 675. Type species (by original designation): Opius inflatipectus   Fischer, 1996 [examined]. Syn. n.

Neotropopius   Fischer, 1999: 282. Type species (by original designation): Opius hirtithorax   Fischer, 1963. Syn. n.

Diagnosis.

Face without tubercles; in front of anterior ocellus without distinct depression; frons without pair of distinct depressions above antennal sockets, but whole frons may be depressed; occipital carina present laterally, not or slightly curved ventrally and remain removed from hypostomal carina (Figs 243, 253), near level of middle of eye straight or nearly so, without transverse carina or crest; clypeus more or less convex and comparatively high; hypoclypeal depression variable; labrum normal, without emargination ventrally; mandible normal, gradually widened basally, at most with protruding carina; scapus, fore coxa and trochanter at most weakly compressed; epistomal suture without large depressions; medio-posterior depression of mesoscutum variable; pron ope round or wide elliptical, or pronotum only with a shallow transverse groove; scutellar sulcus usually rather wide; propodeum usually smooth or superficially sculptured; postpectal carina completely absent; vein 2-SR of fore wing present, rarely absent; first subdiscal cell of fore wing at least partly closed by vein 3-CU1 postero-apically (Fig. 197); vein 1-M of fore wing usually straight; vein cu-a of hind wing nearly always present; vein 3-SR of fore wing distinctly longer than vein 2-SR; if subequal then vein m-cu of hind wing or precoxal sulcus (almost) absent; length of fore wing usually less than 3.5 mm; second and basal half of third tergite without sharp lateral crease, if sometimes weakly developed then second tergite smooth; length of second and third tergites combined less than 0.7 times length of metasoma behind first tergite; fourth and following tergites (at least partly) exposed; ovipositor sheath more or less setose basally.

Biology.

Parasitoids of mining Agromyzidae   , Tephritidae   , Ephydridae   , Anthomyiidae   , Scathophagidae   , and Drosophilidae   .

Distribution.

Cosmopolitan.

Notes.

"Taxonomic dustbin" genus of the Opiinae   ; if there are no obvious aut-apomorphies (except for the lack of a dorsope) species are included in this genus. The species share a straight occipital carina ventrally, the symmetrical and basally gradually widened mandibles, the lack of a dorsope, the gradually widened or parallel-sided first tergite and the vein m-cu of the fore wing angled with neighbouring veins. It is most likely that this is not a monophyletic assemblage and is in need of future study.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Braconidae

Loc

Phaedrotoma Foerster, 1862

Li, Xi-Ying, Achterberg, Cornelis van & Tan, Ji-Cai 2013
2013
Loc

Millenniopius

Fischer 1996
1996
Loc

Kainopaeopius

Fischer 1987
1987
Loc

Adontopius

Fischer 1984
1984
Loc

Neopius

Gahan 1917
1917
Loc

Neopius macrops

Gahan 1917
1917
Loc

Neopius

Gahan 1917
1917
Loc

Neopius macrops

Gahan 1917
1917
Loc

Neodiospilus

Szépligeti 1914
1914
Loc

Neodiospilus flavipes

Szépligeti 1914
1914
Loc

Baeocentrum

Schulz 1911
1911
Loc

Hexaulax

Cameron 1910
1910
Loc

Hexaulax ruficeps

Cameron 1910
1910
Loc

Coeloreuteus

Roman 1910
1910
Loc

Tolbia

Cameron 1907
1907
Loc

Tolbia scaevolae

Cameron 1907
1907
Loc

Aulonotus kanywareensis

Ashmead 1900
1900
Loc

Nosopoea

Foerster 1862
1862
Loc

Eutrichopsis

Förster 1862
1862
Loc

Eutrichopsis munda

Förster 1862
1862
Loc

Atoreuteus

Foerster 1862
1862
Loc

Atoreuteus africanus

Foerster 1862
1862