Pseudopotamilla platensis ( Hartman, 1953 )

Tovar-Hernández, María Ana, León-González, Jesús Ángel De & Bybee, David R., 2017, Sabellid worms from the Patagonian Shelf and Humboldt Current System (Annelida, Sabellidae): Phyllis Knight-Jones’ and José María Orensanz’s collections, Zootaxa 4283 (1), pp. 1-64: 48-50

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.828032

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E62F2AD9-112F-40F0-B8E4-6FF79D27C8B2

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/EE3E87C6-FF84-A37D-FF7F-DE91FAA65806

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pseudopotamilla platensis ( Hartman, 1953 )
status

new combination

Pseudopotamilla platensis ( Hartman, 1953)   , new combination

( Figs 25–27 View FIGURE 25 View FIGURE 26 View FIGURE 27 , 33 View FIGURE 33 C)

Potamilla platensis Hartman, 1953: 53   –54, fig. 19a –f.

Potamilla reniformis   .— Rullier & Amoreux 1979: 191.

Potamilla (Pseudopotamilla) reniformis   .— Augener 1931: 311.

Material examined. ARGENTINA, UANL 8104 View Materials : Mar del Plata, Playa Grande, 38°01’30”S, 57°31’41”W, rocky intertidal, February 1965, coll. J.M. Orensanz, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; UANL 8105: Campaña R/V Almirante Saldanha, Sta. 2287, shelf off Mar del Plata, 38°05’S, 56°43.5’W, 67 m depth, 16 November 1969, 1 specimen; UANL 8107: Campaña SAO II, Golfo de San Matías, St. 125, 41°42’S, 64°52’W, 70 m depth, 3 May 1971, 1 specimen. URUGUAY, UANL 8108 View Materials : R/ V Walther Herwig 15, St. 234, 35°14’S, 52°28’W, 200 m depth, 12 June 1966, 2 specimens GoogleMaps   ; UANL 8109: Campaña Akademik Knipovich, St. 1054, 35°56.5’S, 54°15.7’W, 58–65 m depth, 1967, coll. V.N. Semenova & V. Scarabino, 1 specimen; UANL 8110: St. 1059, 35°25.9’S, 53°27.9’W, 80– 72 m depth, 1967, coll. V.N. Semenova & V. Scarabino, 1 specimen.

Redescription. Trunk length 12–16 mm, width 2 mm. Branchial crown length 10 mm, with 14 pairs of radioles. Eight –12 thoracic and 48–62 abdominal segments. Radiolar flanges and palmate membrane absent. Long pinnules arranged in two alternating rows, decreasing in length distally; radiole tips short, as long as space of two pinnules ( Fig. 26 View FIGURE 26 A). Compound eyes located proximally in dorsal radioles, except for dorsal-most pair; unequal in size within same radiole: radiole 2 (2–3 eyes), radiole 3 (2–3 eyes) ( Fig. 25 View FIGURE 25 H, I). Branchial lobes short, with dorsal and ventral flanges: dorsal pair triangular ( Fig. 25 View FIGURE 25 A, C, E), ventral pair rounded ( Fig. 25 View FIGURE 25 D). Collar with dorsal margins fused to faecal groove; mid-dorsal collar margins long, triangular extending to base of radioles and covering one-half of branchial lobe dorsal flanges ( Fig. 25 View FIGURE 25 A –C); dorso-lateral v-shaped incisions. Anterior peristomial ring partially exposed dorsally ( Fig. 25 View FIGURE 25 B). Ventral lappets even, divided mid-ventrally by a depth incision (1/2 of the collar length). Dorsal lips triangular, erect, with radiolar appendages ( Fig. 26 View FIGURE 26 B); ventral lips short, broadly triangular. Ventral sacs present. Ventral shield of chaetiger 1 entire, rectangular with anterior margin rounded ( Fig. 25 View FIGURE 25 D). Chaetiger 1 notochaetae in two rows, broadly-hooded. Other thoracic shields rectangular but divided transversely ( Fig. 24 View FIGURE 24 D, F). Second thoracic segment with pair of large, whitish glandular areas dorsolaterally ( Fig. 25 View FIGURE 25 A, C, G). Thoracic neuropodial tori separated from ventral shields by broad gap ( Fig. 25 View FIGURE 25 D). Superior notochaetae elongate narrowly-hooded; inferior thoracic chaetae paleate, arranged in two rows, with long and pointed mucro ( Fig. 27 View FIGURE 27 A). Thoracic neuropodia with avicular uncini with several rows of small and similarlysized teeth above main fang; breast well developed ( Fig. 27 View FIGURE 27 B), handles long, three times the length of main fang. Companion chaetae with asymmetrical membranes and long handles, slightly longer than uncini handles ( Fig. 27 View FIGURE 27 B, C). Abdominal neurochaetae elongate broadly-hooded ( Fig. 27 View FIGURE 27 D). Notopodia with uncini with several rows of teeth above main fang along two thirds of its length, breast well developed, handles short ( Fig. 27 View FIGURE 27 E). Posterior abdomen narrow ( Fig. 26 View FIGURE 26 D, E). Pygidium bilobed, eyes absent ( Fig. 26 View FIGURE 26 D, E). Internal layer of tube translucent, chitinous; external surface covered by sand grains.

Type locality. North Argentina (37°15’S, 56°8’W), 100 m depth. GoogleMaps  

Remarks. In this study, Potamilla platensis   is shown to belong to Pseudopotamilla   , as it has unpaired compound eyes in dorsal radioles and flanges on bases of branchial lobes.

Pseudopotamilla reniformis ( Bruguière, 1789)   was reported by Augener (1931) as Potamilla (Pseudopotamilla) reniformis   , from near Golfo de San Matías (42°17’S, 62°20’W), and Rullier & Amoureux (1979) reported Potamilla reniformis   collected from 18–132 m depth at platforms off Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina GoogleMaps   . In this study, we consider records by Augener (1931) as belonging to P. platensis   because tubes, eye distribution and collar described by that author agree with those present in P. platensis   . According to João Nogueira, pers. com. (Universidade de São Paulo), records by Rullier & Amoureux (1979) from Brazil cannot be assigned to P. platensis   .  

For comparative purposes, we used images of Pseudopotamilla reniformis   from the White Sea, kindly shared by Glafira Kolbasova (Moscow State University) from adult forms, not exhibiting regeneration. The most distinctive features between P. platensis   and P. reniformis   is the presence of two large, dorsal glandular areas on chaetiger 2 (absent in P. reniformis   ); presence of 2–3 eyes only on radioles 2 and 3 (1–2 eyes on radioles 2 to +8 radioles in P. reniformis   ); mid-dorsal collar margins triangular and long (rounded and short in P. reniformis   ); and ventral lappets of collar even, divided by a depth incision (rounded, divided by a short incision in P. reniformis   ) ( Table 4).

Since its original description, there are no new records of Pseudopotamilla platensis   , although Obenat et al. (2001) recorded? Potamilla   sp. cf. P. platensis   in an ecological survey about 11–12 m depth, in aggregations of Phyllochaetopterus socialis Claparède, 1869   , near the Rio de la Plata mouth (35°23′– 35°31′S; 55°36′W - 55°48′W).

Differences between P. polyopthalma   and P. platensis   are the following: mid-dorsal collar margins are short, distally rounded in P. polyopthalma   (long, triangular in P. platensis   ); dorso-lateral glandular shields in chaetiger 2 absent in P. polyopthalma   (two glandular rectangular areas dorsally in P. platensis   ); 1–3 eyes present in dorsal and lateral radioles (radioles 2–6) in P. polyopthalma   (2–3 eyes in dorsal radioles 2–3 in P. platensis   ) ( Table 4).

UANL

Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Annelida

Class

Polychaeta

Order

Sabellida

Family

Sabellidae

Genus

Pseudopotamilla

Loc

Pseudopotamilla platensis ( Hartman, 1953 )

Tovar-Hernández, María Ana, León-González, Jesús Ángel De & Bybee, David R. 2017
2017
Loc

Potamilla reniformis

Rullier 1979: 191
1979
Loc

Potamilla platensis

Hartman 1953: 53
1953
Loc

Potamilla (Pseudopotamilla) reniformis

Augener 1931: 311
1931