Acromegalomma schwindtae, Tovar-Hernández, María Ana, León-González, Jesús Ángel De & Bybee, David R., 2017

Tovar-Hernández, María Ana, León-González, Jesús Ángel De & Bybee, David R., 2017, Sabellid worms from the Patagonian Shelf and Humboldt Current System (Annelida, Sabellidae): Phyllis Knight-Jones’ and José María Orensanz’s collections, Zootaxa 4283 (1), pp. 1-64: 16

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.828032

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scientific name

Acromegalomma schwindtae

sp. nov.

Acromegalomma schwindtae  sp. nov.

( Figs 5View FIGURE 5, 31View FIGURE 31 C)

Material examined. Type material: ARGENTINA, Holotype ( UANL 8042View Materials) and two paratypes ( UANL 8043View Materials), Puerto de San Antonio Este , Provincia de Rio Negro, 40°49´29.98´´S, 64°44´59.56´´W, dock piling fouling, 9 m depth, 10 October 2005, coll. E. Schwindt. Additional materialGoogleMaps  : ARGENTINA, Campaña COMP IV, UANL 8044View Materials, St. 65, 38°23’S, 58°01’W, 25 m depth, medium sand, 21 March 1964, 1 specimenGoogleMaps  . URUGUAY, Campaña Akademik Knipovich , UANL 8045View Materials, St. 1073, 35°10.5’S, 52°42.5’W, 115–117 m depth, 1967, collGoogleMaps  . V.N. Semenova & V. Scarabino, 1 specimen  .

Description. Trunk length 17 mm (13.5– 22 mm), width 1.5 mm (1–2 mm). Branchial crown length 5 mm (4– 5 mm), as long as thorax, with 14 pairs of radioles (13–15 pairs). Eight thoracic and 46 (45–56) abdominal segments. Branchial lobes semi-circular. Outer surfaces of radioles quadrangular basally, rounded distally. Subdistal compound eyes spherical, present only in dorsal-most pair of radioles ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 H). Except for dorsal-most radioles, all other radioles with short tips, as long as 3 pinnules ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 I). Dorsal collar margins V-shaped, fused to faecal groove ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 A, B). Dorsal lappets absent. Dorsal pockets present ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 A, B). Ventral lappets triangular, overlapping or separate, as long as collar ventral shield ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 D). Anterior peristomial ring exposed below dorsal pockets ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 A, B). Lateral collar margins not covering bases of radioles ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 C). Dorsal lips erect, triangular, about 1/4 length of branchial crown, with radiolar appendages. Two to three dorsal pinnular appendages. Ventral lips about 1/4 length of dorsal lips, broadly rounded with ventral radiolar appendages. Ventral sacs present ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 E). Caruncle and keel absent. Ventral shield of chaetiger 1 with rounded anterior margin, with anterior medial incision. Body plump, cylindrical, pale with ventral shields cream colored. Tori in chaetigers 2–8 not contacting shields. Notopodial fascicles with superior group of elongate, narrowly hooded chaetae; inferior group of chaetae Type A (chaetae with distal end narrowing abruptly, see remarks) ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 F, J). Thoracic uncini with main fang surmounted by 8–10 rows of numerous minute teeth, handles two times longer than main fang. Companion chaetae with teardrop-shaped membranes. Abdominal neurochaetae broadly hooded ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 G); chaetae in posterior rows longer than in anterior rows. Abdominal uncini with main fang surmounted by 8–10 rows of numerous minute teeth. Pygidium broadly rounded. Pygidial eyespots absent. Tubes unknown.

Type locality. Puerto de San Antonio, Argentina, 9–117 m depth, as dock piling fouling, into hard sediment matrix and medium sand. 

Etymology. The species is named after Dr. Evangelina Schwindt, in recognition for her research on polychaetes and invasive species, and especially because she collected the specimens used in this description.

Remarks. Five nominal species of Acromegalomma  have eyes only in the dorsalmost radiolar pair: A. bioculatum ( Ehlers, 1887)  , A. gesae ( Knight-Jones, 1997)  , A. modestum (de Quatrefages, 1866)  , A. pigmentum ( Reish, 1963)  , and A. kaikourense ( Knight-Jones, 1997)  . Acromegalomma schwindtae  sp. nov., and A. modestum  have the dorsal collar margins fused to the faecal groove, whereas in A. bioculatum  , A. gesae  , A. kaikourense  , and A. pigmentum  the dorsal collar margins are not fused to grove.

The major differences between A. modestum  and A. schwindtae  sp. nov., are the following: dorsal collar margins V-shaped in A. schwindtae  sp. nov., (squared in A. modestum  ); ventral lappets triangular in A. schwindtae  sp. nov., (rounded in A. modestum  ); anterior peristomial rig exposed dorsally in A. schwindtae  sp. nov., (not exposed in A. modestum  ); lateral collar margins not covering the bases of radioles in A. schwindtae  sp. nov., (covering bases in A. modestum  ); and A. modestum  has abdominal chaetae narrowly hooded (broadly hooded in A. schwindtae  sp. nov.).

The unique set of distinguishable features in A. schwindtae  sp. nov. are: eyes only in dorsal most radioles (spherical); dorsal margins of collar fused to faecal grove, V-shaped, forming broad pockets; anterior peristomial ring visible above dorsal margins of collar; abdominal chaetae broadly hooded and thoracic chaetae Type A. Type A includes those chaetae with distal end narrowing abruptly according to the classification proposed by Capa & Murray (2009).


Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon