Anastatus (Anastatus) shichengensis Sheng and Wang, 1997

Peng, Lingfei, Gibson, Gary A. P., Tang, Lu & Xiang, Jiawei, 2020, Review of the species of Anastatus (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae) known from China, with description of two new species with brachypterous females, Zootaxa 4767 (3), pp. 351-401: 394-397

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.4767.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BAF472F8-CD4E-4518-A279-CCAA12F01737

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3797110

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/EF69D43A-FF92-FFDB-FF74-FB7EFDEEFB04

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Plazi

scientific name

Anastatus (Anastatus) shichengensis Sheng and Wang, 1997
status

 

Anastatus (Anastatus) shichengensis Sheng and Wang, 1997  

Figs 23 View FIGURE 23 , 24 View FIGURE 24

Anastatus shichengensis Sheng and Wang, in Sheng et al. 1997: 58–59   , figs 1–5. Described: both sexes.

Anastatus shichengensis   ; Peng et al., 2017: 19–21 View Cited Treatment , figs 41–48.

Diagnosis. FEMALE. Macropterous ( Figs 23A, B View FIGURE 23 ). Fore wing with hyaline cross band behind marginal vein complete and with entirely white setae ( Figs 23A, F View FIGURE 23 ); infuscate region basal of hyaline band with uniformly dark setae and about 2.0–2.5× wider than cross band ( Fig. 23F View FIGURE 23 ); basal region with basal cell, mediocubital fold and cubital and vanal areas uniformly setose, though at least basal cell with comparatively inconspicuous white setae ( Fig. 23F View FIGURE 23 ). Head with scrobal depression separated from anterior ocellus by distance greater than, but by less than 1.5×, longitudinal diameter of ocellus ( Fig. 23C View FIGURE 23 ). Antenna ( Fig. 23D View FIGURE 23 ) with fl2 longer than pedicel but not all funiculars longer than wide, with at least apical two funiculars subquadrate to slightly transverse ( Fig. 23D View FIGURE 23 , insert). Mesosoma, including procoxa ( Fig. 23B View FIGURE 23 ), entirely dark, with concave posterior part of mesoscutum distinctly green or sometimes blue to purple in distinct contrast to rest of mesoscutum ( Fig. 23A View FIGURE 23 ); mesotibial apical spur pale ( Peng et al. 2017, fig. 48) to dark ( Fig. 23G View FIGURE 23 ); mesotarsus with tarsomeres pale in contrast with dark mesotarsal pegs ( Fig. 23G View FIGURE 23 ). Mesoscutum ( Fig. 23A View FIGURE 23 ) with convex anterior part of medial lobe entirely punctate-reticulate to mesh-like reticulate, with somewhat larger reticulations posteriorly; posterior concave part of mesoscutum broadly setose with white setae medially, but apices of setae not extending laterally to carinate margin of lateral lobe; mesoscutal lateral lobe ( Fig. 23E View FIGURE 23 ) entirely setose though with differentiated mesh-like-coriaceous band ( Fig. 23E View FIGURE 23 : arrow) anterior of posteromedian carina. Profemur with ventral margin obtusely angulate within about apical third ( Figs 23H, I View FIGURE 23 ), but without distinct tooth-like denticle.

MALE. Antenna ( Fig. 24E View FIGURE 24 ) with scape yellow; pedicel dark dorsally and pale ventrally; flagellum uniformly dark such that multiporous plate sensilla not contrasting in colour with surrounding cuticle ( Figs 24E, F View FIGURE 24 ), and consisting of clava and seven funiculars, with all funiculars obviously longer than wide and clava subequal in length to combined length of apical two funiculars ( Fig. 24E, F View FIGURE 24 ). Head ( Fig. 24C View FIGURE 24 ) with frons mesh-like coriaceous to inconspicuously coriaceous-imbricate or reticulate. Mesopleurosternum uniformly dark ( Fig. 24D View FIGURE 24 ). Front leg with trochanter, trochantellus, and femur mostly dark except narrowly apically, but tibia and tarsus pale; middle leg with similar in colour to front leg except femur apically often somewhat more extensively pale along anterior surface; hind leg with at least trochanter and tarsus pale, the trochantellus usually variably darkly infuscate, femur mostly to entirely dark, and tibia mostly dark, basally pale for distance at most equal to about apical width or about onequarter length of tibia, though sometimes more extensively on ventral surface ( Fig. 24A View FIGURE 24 ). Fore wing ( Fig. 24H View FIGURE 24 ) with costal cell dorsally setose along entire leading margin ( Fig. 24I View FIGURE 24 ); basal cell uniformly setose with dark setae; disc with broad, quadrangular speculum ( Figs 24H, I View FIGURE 24 : spc) with underlying setae on ventral surface only anteriorly near parastigma, and closed posteriorly by dark setae.

Species concept. Our concept of A. shichengensis   is based on the female holotype and four female paratypes from Jiangxi Province, as detailed by Peng et al. (2017). The single male allotype of A. shichengensis   was not located by Peng et al. (2017), and our concept is based on sexes associated through rearing of individuals originally reared from the eggs of Tessaratoma papillosa   collected in Changhua, Taiwan.

Regional records. Non-type material examined. Fujian: Guixi, Tianbaoyan, Yong’an City, 25.8917°N, 117.5082°E, 700 m, Malaise trap, 2015, L. Peng (1♀ FAFU). Guangxi: People’s Square of Lingshan, Lingshan, Qinzhou City, 22.4166°N, 109.2927°E, 65 m, 15.IV.2017, reared from egg of Tessaratoma papillosa   , DNA 242, J. Liu (1♀ FAFU). Hainan: Baoting County, 18.6128°N, 109. 735°E, 60 m, 25.III.2017, reared from egg of Tessaratoma papillosa   , DNA 237, L. Peng (1♀ FAFU). Danzhou, campus of Hainan University, 19.5074°N, 109.4808°E, 153 m, 24.III.2017, reared from egg of Tessaratoma papillosa   , DNA 224, L. Peng (1♀ FAFU). Longmenlu orchard, Danzhou City, 19.5264°N, 109.5547°E, 140 m, 23.III.2017, reared egg of Tessaratoma papillosa (Drury)   , L. Peng (1♀ FAFU). Taiwan: Changhua, 23.949848, 120.484400, coll. 6.IX.18 (10♀, 1♂ CNC), 15.X.18 (8♀, 6♂ CNC), Tessaratoma papillosa   eggs, J.-C. Hsu, lab. reared on Antheraea pernyi   eggs. Taoyuan Hsien, road S of Shan Paling to Paling, roadside forest, 700–900 m, 25.V.1990, J. Heraty, H90/069 (1♀ CNC). Taoyuan Hsien, E of Balling, cloud forest, 800 m, 26.V.1990, J. Heraty, H070 (1♀ CNC).

Distribution. ORIENTAL: CHINA (* Fujian, * Guangxi, * Hainan, Jiangxi, * Taiwan).

Hosts. Hemiptera   : Tessaratoma papillosa ( Sheng et al. 1997)   .

Remarks. Females of A. shichengensis   are very similar to those of A. dexingensis   and A. formosanus   except that the profemur is angulate ventroapically ( Figs 23H, I View FIGURE 23 ) rather than being produced into an acute spine-like process ( Fig. 9A View FIGURE 9 : arrow), which characterises females of the latter two species. Sculpture and setal pattern of the mesoscutal lateral lobe appear to be intermediate between those of A. dexingensis   and A. formosanus   females. The lateral lobe is entirely setose ( Fig. 23E View FIGURE 23 ; Peng et al. 2017, fig. 45) as for A. dexingensis   ( Fig. 4D View FIGURE 4 ), but there is a differentiated, more finely sculptured mediolongitudinal band ( Fig. 23E View FIGURE 23 : arrow) anterior of the posteromedian carina similar to A. formosanus   ( Fig. 8D View FIGURE 8 ) females. The scrobal depression is also quite distinctly delineated dorsolaterally ( Fig. 23C View FIGURE 23 ) and the hyaline cross band is uniformly wide with entirely white setae ( Fig. 23F View FIGURE 23 ), more similar to A. formosanus   females. Males that we treat as A. shichengensis   are very similar to those of A. gansuensis   and we cannot confidently distinguish the two at present, as is discussed under the latter species.

Species excluded from China

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Eupelmidae

Genus

Anastatus

Loc

Anastatus (Anastatus) shichengensis Sheng and Wang, 1997

Peng, Lingfei, Gibson, Gary A. P., Tang, Lu & Xiang, Jiawei 2020
2020
Loc

Anastatus shichengensis Sheng and Wang, in Sheng et al. 1997: 58–59

Sheng, J. K. & Wang, G. H. & Yu, Y. X. & Yu, J. C. 1997: 59
1997