Anastatus (Anastatus) colemani Crawford, 1912

Peng, Lingfei, Gibson, Gary A. P., Tang, Lu & Xiang, Jiawei, 2020, Review of the species of Anastatus (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae) known from China, with description of two new species with brachypterous females, Zootaxa 4767 (3), pp. 351-401: 361-363

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.4767.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BAF472F8-CD4E-4518-A279-CCAA12F01737

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3797165

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/EF69D43A-FFB3-FFF9-FF74-FA7AFC91FA24

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Anastatus (Anastatus) colemani Crawford, 1912
status

 

Anastatus (Anastatus) colemani Crawford, 1912  

Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3

Anastatus colemani Crawford, 1912: 6–7   . Described: female.

Anastatus (Anastatus) colemani   ; Narendran, 2009: 78–79.

Anastatus colemani   ; Hu et al., 2011: 483, fig. 2. Misidentification of A. japonicus   .

Diagnosis. FEMALE. Macropterous ( Figs 3A, B View FIGURE 3 ). Fore wing with hyaline cross band behind marginal vein complete and with entirely white setae ( Fig. 3F View FIGURE 3 ); infuscate region basal of hyaline band with uniformly dark setae and about 2.5–3.0× wider than cross band ( Fig. 3F View FIGURE 3 ); basal region with dark setae extending from discal region basally along mediocubital fold and within cubital and vanal areas, but basal cell bare or mostly bare with at most a few inconspicuous, white setae ( Fig. 3H View FIGURE 3 ). Head ( Fig. 3C View FIGURE 3 ) with scrobal depression distinctly separated from anterior ocellus, by distance at least equal to about 2× longitudinal diameter of ocellus. Antenna ( Figs 3B, D View FIGURE 3 ) with fl2 slightly longer than pedicel ( Fig. 3D View FIGURE 3 ) but not all funiculars longer than wide, with at least apical two funiculars quadrate to slightly transverse (cf. Fig. 1C View FIGURE 1 ). Mesosoma, including procoxa, entirely dark except sometimes for paler lateral surface of pronotum ( Figs 3B, G View FIGURE 3 ), with concave posterior part of mesoscutum quite distinctly green to bluish-green compared to often somewhat coppery to reddish-violaceous rest of mesoscutum ( Fig. 3E View FIGURE 3 ); mesotibial apical spur infuscate ( Fig. 3J View FIGURE 3 ); mesotarsus with at least basal four tarsomeres uniformly, much paler than mesotibial apical spur and dark mesotarsal pegs ( Fig. 3J View FIGURE 3 ). Mesoscutum ( Fig. 3E View FIGURE 3 ) with convex anterior part of medial lobe extensively mesh-like coriaceous to granular anteriorly, and variably shallowly and distinctly reticulate posteriorly, and with posterior concave part of mesoscutum only sparsely setose with white to dark, hair-like setae; mesoscutal lateral lobe with bare, minutely mesh-like coriaceous band anterior of posteromedian carina relative to distinctly larger mesh-like coriaceous to alutaceous-imbricate sculpture on outer inclined surface ( Fig. 3E View FIGURE 3 ). Profemur ventrally with short, acute tooth within about apical third ( Fig. 3I View FIGURE 3 : arrow).

MALE. Unknown.

Species concept. Our concept of A. colemani   is based on examination of the contorted, disarticulated remains of one of two original syntype females in the USNM labelled “Bangalore | Mysore Ind / 27.VII.09 / LC Coleman | donor No 118 / ex eggs of | Degonetus   | serratus   / Anastatus   | colemani   | ♀ | Type Cwfd / Type | No. 14344 | U.S. N.M.” Images of the other syntype female are available at: www.usnmhymtypes.com/default. asp?Action=Show_Types&Single_Type=True&TypeID=3505.

Our concept of the species is based also on 2 females (CNC) from Nepal (Kathmandu, 1–25.IX.1984, M.G. Allen, Malaise trap) and 12 females (CNC) from India (Bangalore, Karnataka, 8–14.V.1986, 15–21.V.1986, 1– 9.VI.1986, 1–10.III.1987, 22–31.V.1987, 1–9.IX.1987, 18–24.IV.1988, 16–31.V.1988, 1–10.VI.1988, K. Ghorpade) that we identify as A. colemani   . Our images ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 ) are from the two females from Nepal.

Regional records. Takahashi (1940) recorded A. colemani   from Taiwan and Hu et al. (2011) from Hainan as a parasitoid of the eggs of Rhynchocoris humeralis (Thunberg, 1783)   ( Hemiptera   : Pentatomidae   ). We did not examine voucher material from Takahashi (1940), but L. Peng determined from voucher specimens (IZCAS) that the identification of A. colemani   by Hu et al. (2011) was a misidentification of A. japonicus   . We therefore exclude A. colemani   from the fauna of mainland China. We cannot exclude it as possibly present in Taiwan, though we suspect the identification of A. colemani   by Takahashi (1940) likely is a misidentification of A. formosanus   or some other species.

Distribution. ORIENTAL: China (Taiwan)? ( Takahashi 1940), India ( Crawford 1912), Malaya ( Ferrière 1930; Corbett and Miller 1933), * Nepal.

Hosts. The type series of A. colemani   was reared as a parasitoid of the eggs of Degonetus serratus (Distant, 1887)   ( Hemiptera   : Pentatomidae   ). Subsequent records include four other identified genera and species of Pentatomidae   (see Noyes 2019) as well as Attacus atlas (Linnaeus, 1758)   ( Lepidoptera   : Saturniidae   ) ( Hayat 1975; Noyes 2019). Islam and Hayat (1986) also recorded the lac insect, Kerria lacca (Kerr, 1782)   ( Hemiptera   : Kerriidae   ) as a host, but this record is more anomalous.

Remarks. Females of A. colemani   most closely resemble those of A. bifasciatus   , but are differentiated by several features as is discussed under the latter species. In the original description of the female, Crawford (1912, p.7) stated “first joint of the funicle almost twice as long as pedicel” and “clava about as long as first joint of funicle”, but he apparently did not observe the reduced first flagellomere and inadvertently combined its length with that of the second flagellomere for his measurement of the “first joint”, because the combined length of the first two flagellomeres ( Fig. 3D View FIGURE 3 : fl1, fl2) is about twice the length of the pedicel ( Fig. 3D View FIGURE 3 : pdl) and of similar length to the clava. Both Hayat (1975) and Narendran (2009) keyed out A. colemani   primarily by the first funicular being almost twice as long as the pedicel and about as long as the clava, apparently based on Crawford (1912). Because of this error it is possible that Hayat (1975) and Narendran (2009) key the true females of A. colemani   under some other name. In Narendran (2009), females key most readily to those of A. ramakrishnai ( Mani, 1935)   , which are also partly characterised by the profemur having a ventral tooth subapically ( Hayat 1975; Narendran 2009), a similar colour pattern, and a similar setal pattern for the posterior, concave part of the median mesoscutal lobe. However, Narendran (2009: 90) described the convex part of the anteromedial lobe as with “raised reticulations”, which we confirm based on examined females he identified (see further under A. dexingensis   ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Eupelmidae

Genus

Anastatus

Loc

Anastatus (Anastatus) colemani Crawford, 1912

Peng, Lingfei, Gibson, Gary A. P., Tang, Lu & Xiang, Jiawei 2020
2020
Loc

Anastatus colemani

Hu, T. Y. & Hu, H. Y. & Xiao, H. 2011: 483
2011
Loc

Anastatus (Anastatus) colemani

Narendran, T. C. 2009: 78
2009
Loc

Anastatus colemani

Crawford, J. C. 1912: 7
1912