Anastatus, Motschulsky, 1859

Peng, Lingfei, Gibson, Gary A. P., Tang, Lu & Xiang, Jiawei, 2020, Review of the species of Anastatus (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae) known from China, with description of two new species with brachypterous females, Zootaxa 4767 (3), pp. 351-401: 355-357

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.4767.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BAF472F8-CD4E-4518-A279-CCAA12F01737

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3797183

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/EF69D43A-FFBD-FFF3-FF74-FAEAFA70FBC2

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Anastatus
status

 

Key to Chinese species of Anastatus  

1 Female ............................................................................................. 2

- Male.............................................................................................. 15

2(1) Fore wing variably reduced, extending at most only about two-thirds length of gaster (e.g., Figs 7A View FIGURE 7 , 14A View FIGURE 14 , 18A View FIGURE 18 , 22A View FIGURE 22 )...... 3

- Fore wing not reduced, extending at least to apex of gaster (e.g., Figs 1A View FIGURE 1 , 6B View FIGURE 6 , 12B View FIGURE 12 , 16B View FIGURE 16 )............................ 6

3(2) Fore wing discal region either without hyaline cross band behind marginal vein ( Fig. 22G View FIGURE 22 ) or with only an obscure remnant ( Fig. 18F View FIGURE 18 : cbr)........................................................................................ 4

- Fore wing discal region with distinct hyaline cross band behind marginal vein ( Figs 7F View FIGURE 7 , 14H, I View FIGURE 14 )....................... 5

4(3) Fore wing discal region with dense, dark brown setae except for region of orangish setae medially and sometimes an obscure remnant of a hyaline cross band apically ( Fig. 18F View FIGURE 18 : cbr); head in lateral view meniscoidal, face and vertex uniformly curved to occiput ( Fig. 18B View FIGURE 18 )............................................................. A. meilingensis Sheng and Yu  

- Fore wing discal region with dense, light coloured setae ( Fig. 22G View FIGURE 22 ); head in lateral view more rhomboidal, vertex inclined relative to uniformly curved face ( Fig. 22H View FIGURE 22 ).................................................. A. pariliquadrus   n. sp.

5(3) Fore wing either without evident stigmal vein or with short stigmal vein appressed to postmarginal vein, and with comparatively short marginal venation, combined length of marginal + postmarginal veins only about 1.2× width of wing ( Figs 14H, I View FIGURE 14 ); mesoscutum, scutellum, and axillae with strong green to blue metallic luster ( Fig. 14E View FIGURE 14 )... Anastatus gastropachae Ashmead  

- Fore wing with distinct stigmal vein projecting into disc, and with comparatively long marginal vein, combined length of marginal + postmarginal veins about 1.5× width of wing ( Fig. 7F View FIGURE 7 ); mesoscutum, scutellum, and axilla without metallic luster ( Fig. 7G View FIGURE 7 ).......................................................................... Anastatus flavaeratus   n. sp.

6(2) Fore wing with two hyaline spots with white setae behind marginal vein separated by infuscate region with dark setae ( Figs 6A, H View FIGURE 6 )...................................................................... Anastatus echidna (Motschulsky)  

- Fore wing with complete hyaline cross band behind marginal vein ( Figs 4F View FIGURE 4 , 8H View FIGURE 8 , 10G View FIGURE 10 ), though sometimes with some dark setae within hyaline region medially (e.g., Figs 4I View FIGURE 4 , 12I View FIGURE 12 )............................................................ 7

7(6) Profemur ventrally with blunt ( Figs 23H, I View FIGURE 23 ) to sharp ( Figs 3I View FIGURE 3 , 9A View FIGURE 9 : arrow) tooth within about apical third; mesosoma with pronotum, mesonotum, tegula and acropleuron similarly dark ( Figs 3G View FIGURE 3 , 4A View FIGURE 4 , 8F View FIGURE 8 , 23B View FIGURE 23 ).................................. 8

- Profemur ventrally without tooth ( Fig. 1H View FIGURE 1 ); mesosoma sometimes with acropleuron at least posteriorly and/or pronotum and prepectus much lighter in colour than dark mesonotum ( Figs 16 View FIGURE 16 C–E)........................................... 11

8(7) Mesoscutum with anterior convex part of medial lobe mesh-like coriaceous to pustulate over about anterior half and mesh-like reticulate over about posterior half, and posterior concave part only sparsely setose with hair-like setae ( Fig. 3E View FIGURE 3 ).................................................................................... Anastatus colemani Crawford  

- Mesoscutum with anterior convex part of medial lobe entirely mesh-like reticulate, and posterior concave part densely setose with mostly white, slightly lanceolate setae ( Figs 4B View FIGURE 4 , 8B View FIGURE 8 )..................................................... 9

9(8) Profemur with ventral margin abruptly angulate, with blunt tooth, subapically ( Figs 23H, I View FIGURE 23 ); mesoscutal lateral lobe entirely, uniformly setose ( Fig. 23E View FIGURE 23 ); fore wing with hyaline cross band uniformly wide and without any isolated dark setae medially ( Fig. 23F View FIGURE 23 )......................................................... Anastatus shichengensis Sheng and Wang  

- Profemur ventrally with distinct, acute tooth or spine-like process subapically ( Fig. 9A View FIGURE 9 : arrow); mesoscutal lateral lobe often with mediolongitudinal bare band anterior of posteromedian carina ( Fig. 8D View FIGURE 8 ); fore wing sometimes with apical margin of hyaline cross band angulate relative to basal margin so as to be narrower medially and/or with at least a few isolated dark setae medially ( Figs 4 View FIGURE 4 G–I)................................................................................. 10

10(9) Mesoscutal lateral lobe with differentiated bare band of more-or-less mesh-like coriaceous sculpture anterior to posteromedian carina ( Figs 8B, D View FIGURE 8 ); fore wing hyaline cross band with setae all white, not interrupted medially by dark setae, comparatively broad such that basal infuscate region at most about 2.5× wider than cross band, and apical margin of cross band similarly curved as basal margin ( Figs 8G, H View FIGURE 8 ); scrobal depression of at least larger individuals usually with comparatively distinct, abrupt lateral margins curving dorsomesally, though not completely delineating dorsal margin ( Figs 8C, E View FIGURE 8 )............................................................................................. Anastatus formosanus Crawford  

- Mesoscutal lateral lobe setose and more-or-less uniformly roughened, reticulate-imbricate to reticulate-rugose anterior to posteromedian carina ( Figs 4B, D View FIGURE 4 ); fore wing hyaline cross band often with at least a few isolated dark setae medially ( Fig. 4H View FIGURE 4 ) or even more distinct region of dark setae ( Fig. 4I View FIGURE 4 ), and then comparatively narrow such that basal infuscate region about 3.0× wider than cross band ( Figs 4 View FIGURE 4 G–I) and/or apical margin of cross band distinctly angulate ( Figs 4H, I View FIGURE 4 ); scrobal depression with comparatively indistinct, rounded margins dorsolaterally ( Figs 4C, E View FIGURE 4 )........... Anastatus dexingensis Sheng and Wang  

11(7) Mesoscutum with anterior convex part of medial lobe at least extensively mesh-like coriaceous, at most distinctly reticulate only posteriorly ( Fig. 1G View FIGURE 1 ); fore wing basal region entirely bare ( Fig. 1F View FIGURE 1 : bac, cua, vna); mesosoma entirely dark, with posterior concave part of medial lobe similarly dark as remainder of mesoscutum ( Figs 1B, G View FIGURE 1 )..... Anastatus bifasciatus (Geoffroy)  

- Mesoscutum with anterior convex part of medial lobe mostly to entirely mesh-like reticulate ( Figs 10G View FIGURE 10 , 12F View FIGURE 12 , 16G, H View FIGURE 16 , 20E View FIGURE 20 ); fore wing with basal region extensively setose, though basal cell often with white and comparatively inconspicuous setae ( Figs 10G View FIGURE 10 , 13A View FIGURE 13 , 16F View FIGURE 16 , 20G View FIGURE 20 ); mesosoma sometimes with one or more of pronotum, prepectus, and acropleuron at least posteriorly, obviously paler than mesoscutum ( Figs 10F View FIGURE 10 , 12G View FIGURE 12 , 16 View FIGURE 16 C–E, 20F) and/or posteromedial part of mesoscutum with comparatively bright metallic luster relative to remainder of mesoscutum ( Figs 10E View FIGURE 10 , 12F View FIGURE 12 , 16H View FIGURE 16 , 20E View FIGURE 20 ).............................. 12

12(11) Acropleuron variably distinctly though noticeably paler (brown to orangish or yellow) than dark mesoscutum over at least about posterior half ( Figs 16 View FIGURE 16 C–E)................................................ Anastatus japonicus Ashmead  

- Acropleuron uniformly dark with slight metallic luster similar to mesoscutum or at most somewhat paler only anteriorly near prepectus ( Figs 10F View FIGURE 10 , 12G View FIGURE 12 , 20F View FIGURE 20 )......................................................................... 13

13(12) Mesoscutum with posterior concave part setose medially for width only about equal to width of bare region on either side ( Fig. 12F View FIGURE 12 ); flagellum with all funiculars longer than wide ( Figs 12D, E View FIGURE 12 ); fore wing with apical margin of hyaline cross band more strongly V-like angulate than basal margin such that length along marginal vein about twice medial length ( Fig. 12H View FIGURE 12 ), and usually with a few isolated dark setae medially ( Fig. 12I View FIGURE 12 ); procoxa similarly pale as lateral surface of pronotum ( Fig. 12G View FIGURE 12 ); mesotarsus (excluding pegs) and mesotibial apical spur pale ( Fig. 13B View FIGURE 13 )............ Anastatus gansuensis Chen and Zang  

- Mesoscutum with posterior concave part setose for almost entire width ( Figs 10E View FIGURE 10 , 20E View FIGURE 20 ); flagellum with at least apical funicular quadrate to slightly transverse ( Figs 10D View FIGURE 10 , 20D View FIGURE 20 ); fore wing with apical and basal margins of hyaline cross vein similarly curved to angulate so length along marginal vein similar to medial length, and without isolated dark setae medially ( Figs 10G View FIGURE 10 , 20G View FIGURE 20 ); procoxa sometimes dark, much darker than pale lateral surface of pronotum ( Fig. 10F View FIGURE 10 ); mesotarsus and/or mesotibial apical spur sometimes at least partly infuscate ( Figs 10H View FIGURE 10 , 20H View FIGURE 20 )..................................................... 14

14(13) Mesotarsus uniformly yellowish to white in contrast to dark pegs ( Fig. 20H View FIGURE 20 ); procoxa usually with at least ventral surface similarly pale as lateral panel of pronotum ( Fig. 20F View FIGURE 20 )................................ Anastatus orientalis Yang and Choi  

- Mesotarsus sometimes entirely infuscate similar to dark pegs, but at least basal two tarsomeres variably conspicuously infuscate over at least dorsal and posterior surfaces ( Fig. 10H View FIGURE 10 ); procoxa entirely dark, much darker than lateral surface of pronotum ( Fig. 10F View FIGURE 10 )................................................................ Anastatus fulloi Sheng and Wang  

15(1) Legs entirely yellow beyond coxae ( Fig. 21B View FIGURE 21 ) or at most with metafemur infuscate only over about ventral half ( Fig. 21E View FIGURE 21 ); flagellum with basal flagellomeres paler than darker brown apical flagellomeres such that darker multiporous plate sensilla contrast in colour with surrounding cuticle ( Fig. 21G View FIGURE 21 ); speculum slender, closed posteriorly ( Figs 21F, H View FIGURE 21 : spc); costal cell dorsally setose along entire leading margin ( Fig. 21H View FIGURE 21 )................................... Anastatus orientalis Yang and Choi  

- Legs with at least femora and metatibia partly dark (e.g., Figs 2B View FIGURE 2 , 5F View FIGURE 5 , 24A View FIGURE 24 ); flagellum often uniformly dark (e.g., Figs 11E View FIGURE 11 , 13G View FIGURE 13 , 24E View FIGURE 24 ), but if as described above (e.g., Fig. 9F View FIGURE 9 ) then at least speculum broad ( Figs 5H View FIGURE 5 , 9I View FIGURE 9 : spc) and sometimes open posteriorly ( Fig. 9I View FIGURE 9 ), and sometimes costal cell dorsally setose only apically ( Fig. 9I View FIGURE 9 )................................... 16

16(15) Flagellum consisting of five funiculars and clava, with clava ( Fig. 2E View FIGURE 2 : clv) greatly elongate, at least twice as long as combined length of funiculars......................................................... Anastatus bifasciatus (Geoffroy)  

- Flagellum consisting of seven funiculars and clava, with clava shorter than combined length of funiculars (e.g., Figs 5D View FIGURE 5 , 9F View FIGURE 9 ). .................................................................................................. 17

17(16) Mesotibia extensively dark apically ( Figs 17A, J View FIGURE 17 ); fore wing with basal cell uniformly, completely setose and disc with comparatively small and slender speculum ( Fig. 17I View FIGURE 17 : spc); flagellum entirely dark ( Figs 17A, F View FIGURE 17 ) and with clava only about as long as combined length of fl8 and fl7 plus apical half of fl6 ( Fig. 17H View FIGURE 17 )...................................................................................................... Anastatus japonicus Ashmead   (based on type material)

- Mesotibia entirely pale ( Figs 5F View FIGURE 5 , 9C View FIGURE 9 , 11A View FIGURE 11 , 17B, C View FIGURE 17 , 24A View FIGURE 24 ); fore wing sometimes with large speculum ( Figs 5H View FIGURE 5 , 9I View FIGURE 9 , 24I View FIGURE 24 : spc) and/or basal cell extensively bare; flagellum sometimes with one or more basal flagellomeres pale, more-or-less orange, such that darker multiporous plate sensilla ( Figs 5D View FIGURE 5 , 9F View FIGURE 9 : mps) contrast in colour with surrounding cuticle or clava at least as long as combined length of fl6–fl8 ( Figs 11G View FIGURE 11 , 17G View FIGURE 17 )............................................................... 18

18(17) Flagellum with one or more basal funiculars paler than apical flagellomeres such that darker multiporous plate sensilla contrast in colour with surrounding cuticle ( Figs 5D, F View FIGURE 5 ; 9C, F View FIGURE 9 ); costal cell sometimes setose along leading margin only within apical half or less ( Fig. 9I View FIGURE 9 ); fore wing disc with large, subquadrangular speculum ( Figs 5H View FIGURE 5 , 9I View FIGURE 9 : spc)........................ 19

- Flagellum uniformly dark such that multiporous plate sensilla not contrasting in colour and not conspicuously differentiated from surrounding cuticle ( Figs 11A, E View FIGURE 11 , 13G View FIGURE 13 , 17C, E View FIGURE 17 , 19F View FIGURE 19 , 24A, E View FIGURE 24 ); costal cell setose along leading margin for entire or almost entire length ( Figs 11H View FIGURE 11 , 17I View FIGURE 17 , 24I View FIGURE 24 ); fore wing disc often with comparatively slender, more oblique-rectangular speculum ( Figs 11H View FIGURE 11 , 17I View FIGURE 17 )........................................................................................... 20

19(18) Costal cell at most setose along leading margin for less than half length apically, usually only anterior to parastigma ( Fig. 9I View FIGURE 9 ); speculum ( Fig. 9I View FIGURE 9 : spc) often open or only partly closed posteriorly.................... Anastatus formosanus Crawford  

- Costal cell setose along entire leading margin ( Fig. 5I View FIGURE 5 ); speculum ( Fig. 5H View FIGURE 5 : spc) closed posteriorly ( Fig. 5H View FIGURE 5 : cuf)............................................................................. Anastatus dexingensis Sheng and Wang  

20(18) Clava at least as long as combined length of fl6–fl8 ( Figs 11G View FIGURE 11 , 17G View FIGURE 17 )...................................................................................... Anastatus fulloi Sheng and Wang   and A. japonicus Ashmead   (of authors)

- Clava shorter than combined length of previous three funiculars ( Figs 13G View FIGURE 13 , 19G View FIGURE 19 , 24E, F View FIGURE 24 )........................... 21

21(20) Legs with mesofemora mostly conspicuously paler than pro- and metafemora, and metatibia with about basal half pale and apical half darker, though lighter brown than respective femur ( Fig. 19B View FIGURE 19 )........... Anastatus meilingensis Sheng and Yu  

- Legs with all femora similarly dark, and metatibia mostly similarly dark as femur, pale basally for distance only about equal to own apical width or about one-quarter or less length of tibia ( Figs 13D View FIGURE 13 , 24A View FIGURE 24 ).......................................................................... Anastatus gansuensis Chen and Zang   and A. shichengensis Sheng and Wang