Brontostoma haematodes ( Blanchard, 1846 )

Gil-Santana, Hélcio R., Oliveira, Jader & Bérenger, Jean-Michel, 2021, A revalidation and new synonymies among some species of Brontostoma Kirkaldy (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Ectrichodiinae), Zootaxa 4958 (1), pp. 388-405: 394-399

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4958.1.25

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A7EEBFCE-FEBB-4877-A2AC-81689C813CC8

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4711009

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F063878B-FFE9-B40C-FF26-FABAFA91F805

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Brontostoma haematodes ( Blanchard, 1846 )
status

 

Brontostoma haematodes ( Blanchard, 1846)   , species revalidated

( Figs. 12–15 View FIGURES 12–15 , 20–21 View FIGURES 20–22 , 37–44 View FIGURES 37–39 View FIGURES 40–44 )

Ectrichodia haematodes Blanchard (1846: 219   , Pl. 29, fig. 8) (description; colored drawing of a female specimen in dorsal view), Mayr (1866: 156) (checklist, as a junior synonym of Mindarus discus   ). Wygodzinsky (1951: 44) ( Ectrichodia haematodes Blanchard   reinstated as a junior synonym of Brontostoma discus   , based on variation in color and size of numerous specimens from several countries).

Mindarus haematodes: Stål (1872: 101)   (checklist), Lethierry & Severin (1896: 134) (catalog).

Brontostoma haematodes: Wygodzinsky (1949: 22)   (catalog), Maldonado (1990: 29) (catalog, as a junior synonym of B. discus   , as stated by Mayr 1866).

Brontostoma discus nigricans Carpintero (1980: 12   , 32) (description; dorsal view of the head, schematic drawing), Maldonado (1990: 29) (catalog), Bachmann (1999: 216) (catalog of types deposited in MACN), Gil-Santana et al. (2004: 127) (citation), Gil-Santana et al. (2005b: 78) (citation). New subjective synonym.

Diagnostic features. In B. haematodes   the fore and middle femora have a larger group of papillae restricted to the ventral, basal portion, being much more numerous than in B. discus   and extending distally for a longer distance, including the correspondent portion of the femora in which the spiniform process surrounded by setae is present in B. discus   ( Figs. 39 View FIGURES 37–39 , 41–42 View FIGURES 40–44 ). There is no spiniform process. The papillae of the femora of a male specimen of B. haematodes   are transversely striated under high magnification ( Fig. 40 View FIGURES 40–44 ). The medial process of the pygophore is sub-triangular and relatively narrow ( Figs 43–44 View FIGURES 40–44 ).

Type specimens. The type specimen of Brontostoma haematodes   , sp. reval. is a female deposited in MNHN, corresponding to the specimen drawn on the plate of the original paper ( Fig. 12 View FIGURES 12–15 ). The length of the specimen (22 mm) is congruent with the description, and the handwritten label agrees with Blanchard’s writing (D. Pluot-Sigwalt pers. comm.). The possibility that the species was described based on more than one specimen cannot be excluded, therefore, by following the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature ( ICZN 1999), Recommendation 73F, the examined specimen is considered as a syntype   and is hereby designated as the lectotype.

The first species described after B. discus   and considered its synonym was Ectrichodia haematodes   ( Mayr 1866, Wygodzinsky 1951). However, the examination of the lectotype of B. haematodes   by J-MB show that its fore and middle femora ( Fig. 15 View FIGURES 12–15 ) does not have spiniform prominences or setae at their basis but only the line of papillae ( Figs. 39 View FIGURES 37–39 , 41–42 View FIGURES 40–44 ). Therefore, according to our observations, it is a different species from B. discus   and it is revalidated here.

The holotype of B. discus nigricans   , a male from Paraguay ( Figs. 20–21 View FIGURES 20–22 ), measuring 19.35 mm ( Carpintero 1980), was examined by HRG-S and exhibit the same characters on the fore and middle femora as recorded for B. haematodes   . Therefore, it is regarded here as a junior synonym of B. haematodes   .

Material examined. Ectrichodia haematodes Blanchard   : Female lectotype (here designated): [ BOLIVIA], [handwritten label]: Ectrichodia   / haematodes   // [handwritten rounded label]: 8738 / 34 // [handwritten label]: 495 // [printed label]: Brontostoma   / discus / (Burmeister) / det. V. Dougherty// [printed label]: Museum Paris / MNHN ( EH) / 24654 // [handwritten red label]: Type de Blanchard / JMB [Jean-Michel Bérenger] dét. ( MNHN).

Note: Dr Dominique Pluot-Sigwalt ( MNHN) has kindly informed that in the D’Orbigny´s manuscript there are additional collecting information about this specimen: “Province de Chiquitos / Octobre—Décembre 1831 / sur des plantes dans des bois épais”.

Brontostoma discus nigricans Carpintero   : Holotype male: Brontostoma   / discus   / nigricans / nov. ssp [handwritten] / [printed horizontal line] / Det. Dr. Carpintero [printed] // [red label]: ♂ [handwritten] / HOLOTYPUS [printed] // [handwritten label]: Paraguay / Aguerito / Concepción / X-966. J. Viana // [printed label]: MACN-En / 674 ( MACN).

Additional specimens (all currently determined as Brontostoma haematodes   by HRG-S): BRAZIL, Ba [h]ia, Jacobina , 1 male, xii.1941, Mangabeira leg., Brontostoma discus (Burm.)   , J. C. M. Carvalho det., 1992   ; Mato Grosso, Serra Caeté, Mirassol d´Oeste , 1 male, 30.xi.1984, Magno & Alvarenga [leg.], Brontostoma discus (Burm.)   , J. C. M. Carvalho det., 1992, ( MNRJ)   , Mato Grosso, Diamantino, E. Furtado leg., x.1997, 2 males ( CTJMSB)   .

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

MACN

Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Reduviidae

Genus

Brontostoma

Loc

Brontostoma haematodes ( Blanchard, 1846 )

Gil-Santana, Hélcio R., Oliveira, Jader & Bérenger, Jean-Michel 2021
2021
Loc

Brontostoma discus nigricans

Gil-Santana, H. R. & Lopes, C. M. & Marques, O. M. & Jurberg, J. 2005: 78
Gil-Santana, H. R. & Costa, L. A. A. & Marques, O. M. 2004: 127
Bachmann, A. O. 1999: 216
Maldonado, C. J. 1990: 29
Carpintero, D. J. 1980: 12
1980
Loc

Brontostoma haematodes: Wygodzinsky (1949: 22)

Maldonado, C. J. 1990: 29
Wygodzinsky, P. 1949: )
1949
Loc

Mindarus haematodes: Stål (1872: 101)

Lethierry, L. & Severin, G. 1896: 134
Stal, C. 1872: )
1872
Loc

Ectrichodia haematodes Blanchard (1846: 219

Wygodzinsky, P. 1951: 44
Mayr, G. L. 1866: 156
Blanchard, E. 1846: 219
1846