Glyptapanteles charlesporteri Arias-Penna, sp. nov.
Arias-Penna, Diana Carolina, Whitfield, James B., Janzen, Daniel H., Winifred Hallwachs,, Dyer, Lee A., Smith, M. Alex, Hebert, Paul D. N. & Fernandez-Triana, Jose L., 2019, A species-level taxonomic review and host associations of Glyptapanteles (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Microgastrinae) with an emphasis on 136 new reared species from Costa Rica and Ecuador, ZooKeys 890, pp. 1-685 : 1
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|Glyptapanteles charlesporteri Arias-Penna, sp. nov.|
Body length 3.53 mm, antenna length 4.03 mm, fore wing length 3.18 mm.Type material. Holotype COSTA RICA • 1♀; 06-SRNP-9500, DHJPAR0012673; Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector San Cristóbal, Potrero Argentina; pastures; 520 m; 10.89021, -85.38803; 21.xi.2006; Carolina Cano leg.; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; brown dull gray cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 03.xii.2006; adult parasitoids emerged on 12.xii.2006; ( CNC) . Paratypes. • 23 (4♀, 4♂) (15♀, 0 ♂); 06-SRNP-9500, DHJPAR0012673; same data as for holotype; ( CNC) .
Reared material. COSTA RICA: Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector San Cristóbal, Rio Blanco Abajo : • 61 (3♀, 3♂) (46♀, 9♂); 02-SRNP-704, DHJPAR0000276; rain forest; 500 m; 10.90037, -85.37254; 05.ii.2002 GoogleMaps ; Carolina Cano ; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; cocoons in host cocoon; adult parasitoids emerged on 23.ii.2002 . • 32 (3♀, 3♂) (21♀, 5♂); 05-SRNP-7307, DHJPAR0005108; same data as for preceding except: 23.xi.2005 , Gloria Sihezar ; caterpillar collected in third instar; dark gray cocoons in host cocoon; adult parasitoids emerged on 05.i.2006 .
Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector San Cristóbal, Sendero Corredor : • 44 (3♀, 3♂) (37♀, 1♂); 03-SRNP-35034, DHJPAR0000266, DHJPAR0001522; 620 m; 10.87868, -85.38963; 22.xii.2003 GoogleMaps ; Elda Araya ; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; beige solitary ovoid cocoons in host cocoon; adult parasitoids emerged on 10.i.2003 .
Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector San Cristóbal, Sendero Palo Alto : 39 (3♀, 3♂) (30♀, 3♂); 05-SRNP-2592, DHJPAR0004233; 570 m; 10.88186, -85.38221; 09.v.2005 GoogleMaps ; Carolina Cano ; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; dark cocoons in host cocoon; adult parasitoids emerged on 03.vi.2005 .
Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector San Cristóbal, Vado Rio Cucaracho : 42 (3♀, 3♂) (32♀, 4♂); 06-SRNP-4410, DHJPAR0012010; 640 m; 10.8702, -85.39153; 06.vi.2006 GoogleMaps ; Yessenia Mendoza ; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; cocoons adhered to the larval cuticle; adult parasitoids emerged on 27.vi.2006 .
Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector San Cristóbal, Sendero Tepiscuintle : • 32 (3♀, 3♂) (24♀, 2♂); 07-SRNP-1274, DHJPAR0030908; rain forest; 14.iii.2007 ; Carolina Cano ; caterpillar collected in third instar; cocoons in host cocoon; adult parasitoids emerged on 12.iv.2007 .
Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector Rincón Rain Forest, Sendero Anonas : • 60 (5♀, 1♂) (54♀, 0 ♂); 09-SRNP-40118, DHJPAR0034264; 405 m; 10.90528, -85.27882, 20.i.2009; Jorge Hernández; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; cocoons adhered to larva and substrate; adult parasitoids emerged on 20.ii.2009 GoogleMaps .
COSTA RICA: Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector San Cristóbal, Rio Blanco Abajo : • 1 (1♀, 0 ♂) (0 ♀, 0 ♂); 07-SRNP-66569, DHJPAR0025107; rain forest; 500 m; 10.90037, -85.37254; Malaise trap; 13.xii.2007 GoogleMaps ; DH Janzen & W Hallwachs. • 1 (1♀, 0 ♂) (0 ♀, 0 ♂); 07-SRNP-66768, DHJPAR0025306; same data as for preceding except: 02.ix.2007 GoogleMaps .
Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector San Cristóbal, Bosque Trampa Malaise : • 1 (0 ♀, 0 ♂) (1♀, 0 ♂); 07-SRNP-67843, DHJPAR0027639; rain forest; 815 m; 10.86280, -85.38460; 01.xi.2007; DH Janzen & W Hallwachs GoogleMaps .
Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector Rincón Rain Forest, Vado Río Francia: • 1 (1♀, 0 ♂) (0 ♀, 0 ♂); 07-SRNP-66943, DHJPAR0025481; 400 m; 10.90093, -85.28915; Malaise trap; 09.x.2007 GoogleMaps ; DH Janzen & W Hallwachs. • 1 (0 ♀, 0 ♂) (1♀, 0 ♂); 07-SRNP-66965, DHJPAR0025503; same data as for preceding except: 20.xii.2007 GoogleMaps . • 1 (0 ♀, 0 ♂) (1♀, 0 ♂); 08-SRNP-41681, DHJPAR0026124; same data as for preceding except: 01.i.2008 GoogleMaps .
Propleuron with fine rugae, dorsal carina delimiting a dorsal furrow absent ( Figs 50A, E View Figure 50 , 51A, B, E View Figure 51 ), distal antennal flagellomere subequal in length with penultimate, mesoscutum punctation distinct proximally ranging to satiny distally ( Figs 50B View Figure 50 , 51B View Figure 51 ), median area on T2 as broad as long, lateral grooves delimiting the median area distally losing definition ( Figs 50D, G View Figure 50 , 51D, J View Figure 51 ), propodeal spiracle distally framed by a short concave carina ( Figs 50B, C View Figure 50 , 51B, C View Figure 51 ), scutellum in profile convex and slightly higher than mesoscutum ( Figs 50E View Figure 50 , 51E View Figure 51 ), and fore wing with 2RS convex, outer side of junction of r and 2RS veins not forming a stub ( Figs 50I View Figure 50 , 51G View Figure 51 ).
( Fig. 50A View Figure 50 ). General body coloration brown-black except scape, pedicel, labrum, mandibles, a narrow ventral strip of propleuron, distal-lateral of mesopleuron and epicemial ridge with brown-yellow tints; glossa, maxillary and labial palps, and tegulae yellow. Eyes and ocelli silver. Fore and middle legs yellow (coloration intensity increasing towards the apex); hind legs yellow except coxae with proximal half dark brown, apex of tibiae and basitarsus yellow-brown, remaining tarsomeres brown. Petiole on T1 brown-black and sublateral areas light yellow; median area on T2 with yellow-brown, contours darkened, adjacent area and lateral ends yellow; T3 completely dark yellow; T4 and beyond dark brown; distally each tergum with a narrow whitish/yellow-brown transparent band. In lateral view, T1-3 completely yellow; T4 and beyond brown. S1-3 yellow; S4 yellow, medially with a small brown spot; penultimate sternum and hypopygium completely brown.
Head ( Fig. 50A View Figure 50 ). Head triangular with pubescence long and dense. Proximal three antennal flagellomeres longer than wide (0.32:0.10, 0.30:0.10, 0.30:0.10), distal antennal flagellomere subequal in length with penultimate (0.18:0.10, 0.17:0.10), antenna longer than body (4.03, 3.53); antennal scrobes-frons shallow. Face convex with scattered finely punctate, interspaces wavy and longitudinal median carina present. Frons smooth. Temple wide with punctate sculpture and interspaces wavy. Inner margin of eyes diverging slightly at antennal sockets; in lateral view, eye anteriorly convex and posteriorly straight. POL shorter than OOL (0.10, 0.13). Malar suture present. Median area between lateral ocelli without depression. Vertex laterally rounded and dorsally wide.
Mesosoma ( Fig. 50 A–C, E View Figure 50 ). Mesosoma dorsoventrally convex. Distal 1/3 of mesoscutum with lateral margin slightly dented, punctation distinct proximally ranging to satiny distally, interspaces wavy/lacunose. Scutellum triangular, apex sloped and fused with BS, scutellar punctation distinct throughout, in profile scutellum convex and slightly higher than mesoscutum, phragma of the scutellum partially exposed; BS only very partially overlapping the MPM; ATS demilune with short stubs delineating the area; dorsal ATS groove with semicircular/parallel carinae. Transscutal articulation with small and heterogeneous foveae, area just behind transscutal articulation smooth, shiny and nearly at the same level as mesoscutum (flat). Metanotum with BM wider than PFM (clearly differentiated); MPM circular without median longitudinal carina; AFM without setiferous lobes and not as well delineated as PFM; PFM thick and smooth; ATM proximally with semircular/undulate carina and distally smooth. Propodeum without median longitudinal carina, proximal half weakly curved with medium-sized sculpture and distal half rugose with a shallow dent at each side of nucha; distal edge of propodeum with a flange at each side and without stubs; propodeal spiracle distally framed by a short concave carina; nucha surrounded by very short radiating carinae. Pronotum with a distinct dorsal furrow, dorsally with a well-defined smooth band; central area of pronotum and dorsal furrow smooth, but ventral furrow with short parallel carinae. Propleuron with fine rugae and dorsally without a carina. Metasternum flat or nearly so. Contour of mesopleuron straight/angulate or nearly so; precoxal groove with faintly transverse lineate sculpture and shallow, but visible; epicnemial ridge convex, teardrop-shaped.
Legs ( Fig. 50A View Figure 50 ). Ventral margin of fore telotarsus entire without seta, fore telotarsus almost same width throughout and longer than fourth tarsomere (0.14, 0.09). Hind coxa with punctation only on ventral surface and dorsal outer depression present. Inner spur of hind tibia longer than outer spur (0.41, 0.25), entire surface of hind tibia with dense strong spines clearly differentiated by color and length. Hind telotarsus as equal in length as fourth tarsomere (0.15, 0.16).
Wings ( Fig. 50I, J View Figure 50 ). Fore wing with r vein curved; 2RS vein slightly convex to convex; r and 2RS veins forming an angle at their junction and outer side of junction not forming a stub; 2M vein slightly curved/swollen; distally fore wing [where spectral veins are] with microtrichiae more densely concentrated than the rest of the wing; anal cell 1/3 proximally lacking microtrichiae; subbasal cell with a small smooth area; veins 2CUa and 2CUb completely spectral; vein 2 cu-a absent; vein 2-1A proximally tubular and distally spectral, although sometimes difficult to see; tubular vein 1 cu-a curved, incomplete/broken and not reaching the edge of 1-1A vein. Hind wing with vannal lobe narrow, subdistally and subproximally straightened, and setae present only proximally.
Metasoma ( Fig. 50A, D, F–H View Figure 50 ). Metasoma laterally compressed. Petiole on T1 finely sculptured only distally, virtually parallel-sided over most of length, but narrowing over distal 1/3, apex truncate (length 0.46, maximum width 0.20, minimum width 0.10), petiole with scattered pubescence concentrated in the first distal third. Lateral grooves delimiting the median area on T2 distally losing definition (length median area 0.15, length T2 0.20 mm), edges of median area polished and lateral grooves deep, median area longer than broad (length 0.15, maximum width 0.12, minimum width 0.06), T2 with scattered pubescence throughout. T3 longer than T2 (0.25, 0.20) and with scattered pubescence only distally. Pubescence on hypopygium dense.
Cocoons ( Fig. 4N View Figure 4 ). Beige, gray or brown oval cocoons with silk fibers ordered, but covered by a net. Cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate or formed in host cocoon or adhered to the larval cuticle.
The distal half of the propodeum, at each side of the nucha, with strong wavy carinae. The propodeal spiracle framed with a strong distal concave carina. Dorsally, the propleuron without a carina, but the limit among smooth area with rugae area is distinctive. Female with the ovipositor sheath protruding beyond the hypopygium.
( Fig. 51 A–J View Figure 51 ). In some males (e.g., 06-SRNP-4410, 05-SRNP-7307) the coloration on T1-3 is darker than females.
Charles C. Porter is an ichneumonidologist at Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Gainesville, FL, USA.
The parasitized caterpillars were collected in Costa Rica, ACG, Sector Rincón Rain Forest (Sendero Anonás) and Sector San Cristóbal (Potrero Argentina, Río Blanco Abajo, Sendero Corredor, Sendero Palo Alto, Sendero Tepiscuintle, and Vado Río Cucaracho), during February 2002, December 2003, May and November 2005, June and November 2006, March 2007, and January 2009 at 405 m, 500 m, 520 m, 570 m, 620 m,and 640 m on pasture and rain forest.
Adult parasitoids were collected in Costa Rica, ACG, Sector Rincón Rain Forest (Vado Río Francia) and Sector San Cristóbal (Bosque Trampa Malaise and Río Blanco Abajo), during September-December 2007 and January 2008 at 400 m, 500 m, and 815 m in rain forest.
The lifestyle of this parasitoid species is gregarious.
Shag-carpet moth Tarchon felderi Druce ( Apatelodidae ) ( Fig. 4N View Figure 4 ) feeding on Acalypha diversifolia ( Euphorbiaceae ), Chamaedorea tepejilote ( Arecaceae ), Heliconia irrasa ( Heliconiaceae ), Lycianthes pauciflora ( Solanaceae ), Pavonia schiedeana ( Malvaceae ) and Psychotria berteriana ( Rubiaceae ). Apatelodes sp. Packard ( Apatelodidae ) feeding on Philodendron rhodoaxis ( Araceae ). Caterpillars were collected in third and fourth instar.
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