Hyphantrophaga guillermopereirai Fleming & Wood

Fleming, AJ, Wood, D. Monty, Smith, M. Alex, Dapkey, Tanya, Hallwachs, Winnie & Janzen, Daniel, 2019, Twenty-two new species in the genus Hyphantrophaga Townsend (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Area de Conservacion Guanacaste, with a key to the species of Mesoamerica, Biodiversity Data Journal 7, pp. 29553-29553: 29553

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.7.e29553

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A13FD7BA-D8FA-4F9D-9B80-C918AFF62851

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D6D2B422-709C-4B56-A412-6720D7F9AE6D

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:D6D2B422-709C-4B56-A412-6720D7F9AE6D

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Hyphantrophaga guillermopereirai Fleming & Wood
status

sp. n.

Hyphantrophaga guillermopereirai Fleming & Wood   ZBK   sp. n.

Materials

Type status: Holotype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0007280; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Manuel Pereira; individualID: DHJPAR0007280; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT052-06, 00-SRNP-16230, BOLD:AAA1953; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaguillermopereirai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: guillermopereirai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Potrerillos; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Rio Azufrado; verbatimElevation: 95; verbatimLatitude: 10.8122; verbatimLongitude: -85.5444; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.8122; decimalLongitude: -85.5444; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Nymphalidae, Agraulis vanillae; verbatimEventDate: 22-Aug-2000; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0007277; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros; individualID: DHJPAR0007277; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT049-06, 92-SRNP-5826, BOLD:AAA1953; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaguillermopereirai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: guillermopereirai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Santa Rosa; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Bosque Humedo; verbatimElevation: 290; verbatimLatitude: 10.8514; verbatimLongitude: -85.608; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.8514; decimalLongitude: -85.608; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Hesperiidae, Polyctor cleta; verbatimEventDate: 30-Nov-1992; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0048680; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Lucia Rios; individualID: DHJPAR0048680; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ACGBA2222-12, 12-SRNP-20677, BOLD:AAA1953; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaguillermopereirai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: guillermopereirai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector El Hacha; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Estacion Los Almendros; verbatimElevation: 290; verbatimLatitude: 11.0323; verbatimLongitude: -85.5278; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 11.0323; decimalLongitude: -85.5278; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Renodescurviluna; verbatimEventDate: 12-Apr-2012; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0007303; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros; individualID: DHJPAR0007303; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT075-06, 93-SRNP-7336, BOLD:AAA1953; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaguillermopereirai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: guillermopereirai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Santa Rosa; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Bosque Humedo; verbatimElevation: 290; verbatimLatitude: 10.8514; verbatimLongitude: -85.608; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.8514; decimalLongitude: -85.608; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Glaucostola romula; verbatimEventDate: 12-Jan-1993; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0007029; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Jose Cortez; individualID: DHJPAR0007029; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAV271-06, 05-SRNP-66375, BOLD:AAA1953; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaguillermopereirai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: guillermopereirai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Mundo Nuevo; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Sendero Mora; verbatimElevation: 480; verbatimLatitude: 10.7683; verbatimLongitude: -85.4257; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.7683; decimalLongitude: -85.4257; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Hesperiidae, Chiomara georgina; verbatimEventDate: 15-Jan-2006; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0007244; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Elieth Cantillano; individualID: DHJPAR0007244; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT016-06, 04-SRNP-20122, BOLD:AAA1953; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaguillermopereirai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: guillermopereirai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector El Hacha; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Sendero Bejuquilla; verbatimElevation: 280; verbatimLatitude: 11.03; verbatimLongitude: -85.527; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 11.03; decimalLongitude: -85.527; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Hesperiidae, Tosta gorgus; verbatimEventDate: 14-Feb-2004; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps  

Description

Male (Fig. 16). Length: 5-8 mm. Head (Fig. 16b): vertex 1/5 of head width; two reclinate upper orbital setae; ocellar setae arising beside anterior ocellus; ocellar triangle gold, concolorous with fronto-orbital plate; fronto-orbital plate gold over 75% of surface, sparsely setulose, setulae not extending beyond lowest frontal seta; parafacial shiny silver and bare; facial ridge bare; pedicel dark brown, slightly lighter than postpedicel; arista brown, very minutely pubescent, distinctly thickened on basal 1/3-1/4; palpus yellow and haired. Thorax (Fig. 16a, c): pale brassy-gold tomentose dorsally, gray tomentose laterally; four prominent dorsal vittae, outermost two broken across suture, innermost pair slightly broken across suture, not reaching beyond 2nd postsutural dorsocentral seta; postpronotum with three setae arranged in a triangle; chaetotaxy: acrostichal setae 3:3; dorsocentral setae 3-4:4; intra-alar setae 2-3:3; supra-alar setae 2:3; three katepisternal setae, basal seta extremely weak and anterior to suture; basal scutellar setae 3/4 length of subapical scutellar setae; lateral scutellar setae 2/3 as long as basal scutellar setae, lateral scutellar setae 1/2 as thick as both basal and subapical scutellar setae; subapical scutellar setae straight and divergent, 2X as thick as lateral scutellar setae; apical scutellar setae 1/3 basal scutellar setae crossed apically; one pair of discal scutellar setae more widely set than subapical scutellar setae; scutellum concolorous with scutum. Legs (Fig. 16c): yellow in ground colour with dense covering of black hairs, making them appear darker; fore femur with dense silver tomentum on posterodorsal surface; hind coxa setose. Wing (Fig. 16a): pale translucent; vein R4+5 with 2-3 setulae at base. Abdomen (Fig. 16a, c): ground colour black; mid-dorsal depression on ST1+2 not reaching hind margin; marginal setae ST1+2-T5: median marginal setae present on ST1+2 and T3; a complete row of marginal setae present on T4 and T5; discal setae on T3-T5; sex patch absent; distinct brassy-silver tomentose bands along anterior 2/3 of T3 and T4; T5 with brassy-silver tomentum covering entire tergite. Terminalia (Fig. 16d, e, f): anterior margin of sternite 5 (Fig. 16f) with a shallow curved medial depression, posterior margin with a deeply excavated median cleft, rectangular-shaped; posterior lobes of sternite rounded, toothed apically and completely devoid of setae, inner margins of lobes sinusoidal undulated; unsclerotised "window" anterior to median cleft convex, arced, "arms" extending 3X as wide as median cleft. Cerci (Fig. 16d) in posterior view subrectangular and slightly shorter than surstyli, blunt and rounded off towards apices, completely separate medially, straight, not obviously divergent from each other; in lateral view (Fig. 16e) strongly tapered along apical 1/3 and weakly curved at beginning of taper; densely setulose dorsally up to taper point, apparently bare ventrally (visible in lateral view). Surstyli in lateral view slightly swollen basally, otherwise almost parallel sided, with rounded apices; when viewed dorsally, surstyli appearing not divergent. Pregonite broad and well-developed, slightly bent; basal 2/3 slightly cinched, giving it a very slightly clubbed appearance, apically rounded, few fine setulae along its edge. Postgonite elongate, parallel-sided along its length, with a slight curve at tip, subequal in length to pregonite. Distiphallus rectangular with a very slight apical flare, with a slender median longitudinal sclerotised reinforcement on its posterior surface and a broad, anterolateral, sclerotised acrophallus, joined as a plate on anterior surface near apex.

Female. Length 6-8 mm. As male, differing only by the presence of two pairs of proclinate orbital setae.

Diagnosis

Hyphantrophaga guillermopereirai   sp. n. can be distinguished from all other Hyphantrophaga   species by the following combination of traits: fronto-orbital plate gold over most of its surface and bare, except at level of vertex, pedicel and arista brown (slightly lighter than postpedicel), thorax with both silver and gold tomentum, four postsutural dorsocentral setae, hind coxa setose, marginal setae present on ST1+2-T5 and discal setae present on T3-T5.

Etymology

Hyphantrophaga guillermopereirai   sp. n. is named in recognition of Guillermo Pereira Espinoza's dedication and work in finding and rearing the ACG caterpillars that contained tachinid larvae.

Distribution

Costa Rica, ACG, Alajuela and Guanacaste Provinces, 10-752 m elevation.

Ecology

Hyphantrophaga guillermopereirai   sp. n. has been reared 93 times from 56 species of Lepidoptera   spanning across 10 families ( Lepidoptera   : Crambidae   ; Erebidae   ; Geometridae   ; Hesperiidae   ; Noctuidae   ; Notodontidae   ; Nolidae   ; Nymphalidae   ; Riodinidae   ; Saturniidae   ), in rain forest, dry forest and dry-rain lowland intergrade.