Oxytelus incisus Motschulsky, 1857

Lü, Liang & Zhou, Hong-Zhang, 2012, 3576, Zootaxa 3576, pp. 1-63 : 21-23

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Oxytelus incisus Motschulsky, 1857


Oxytelus incisus Motschulsky, 1857 View in CoL

( Figs. 7A–M)

Motschulsky, 1857: 504 (Type locality: Indes orientales); Kraatz, 1859: 172 (synonym of Oxytelus flavipennis Kraatz [? sic]); Cameron, 1930: 263; Cameron, 1934: 78 (original type series mixed, part to Oxytelus flavipennis Kraatz ); Herman, 1970: 410; Hammond, 1975: 150, 152 ( China: Hong Kong, Zhoushan Is., and Taiwan); Hammond, 1998: 275; Herman, 2001: 1433; Biswas, 2003: 238 (subgenus Caccoporus ; Sikkim); Ades and Kendrick, 2004: 53 ( Hong Kong); Smetana, 2004: 517 (subgenus Oxytelus ; distribution); Lee and Ahn, 2007: 22.

Oxytelus bledioides Blackburn, 1885: 125 View in CoL (Type locality: near Honolulu); Fauvel, 1901: 71 (synonym of Oxytelus ferrugineus Kraatz View in CoL ).

Oxytelus cordovensis Bernhauer, 1910: 358 View in CoL (Type locality: Mexiko: Vera-Cruz, Cordoba); Hammond, 1975: 152 (synonym of Oxytelus incisus View in CoL ).

Oxytelus ferrugineus Kraatz, 1859: 173 View in CoL (Type locality: Ceylan); Cameron, 1934: 78 (priority of Oxytelus incisus Motschulsky View in CoL ).

Oxytelus laevior Sharp, 1874: 92 View in CoL (Type locality: Hiogo); Fauvel, 1901: 71 (synonym of Oxytelus ferrugineus View in CoL ).

Oxytelus laxipennis Fairmaire, 1893: 527 View in CoL (Type locality: Grande Comore); Fauvel, 1901: 71 (synonym of Oxytelus ferrugineus View in CoL ).

Material examined. 438 specimens, 201 males and 237 females. 1 male, Kraatz Ceylan 856// ferrugineus Kr. det. Bernhauer// ferrugineus Kr. Cotypus // Chicago NHMus, M.Bernhauer Collection// Oxytelus ferrugineus Kr., P. M. Hammond , det. 1975// PARALECTOTYPE ♂ // Oxytelus incisus Mots., P. M. Hammond , det. 1975// = incisus Motsch. , ferrugineus Kraatz, Wiegm. Arch. 1859 . 173 ( FMNH); BURMA [= MYANMAR]: 1 male, 1 female, Moulmein, Berlese funnel from cow dung, I-III.1954, Lois Jones leg. ( FMNH); CHINA, Beijing: 3 males, 6 females, Haidian, Yuan Ming Yuan [=Old Summer Palace], 2.VIII.1993, Hong-Zhang Zhou leg. ( IZ-CAS); 4 males, 3 females, Haidian, Nanwu, 26.VIII.1997, Hai-Sheng Zhou leg. ( IZ-CAS); 1 females, Haidian, Landianchang, 14.VIII.1997, Hai-Sheng Zhou leg. ( IZ-CAS); 1 male, Chaoyang, IZ-CAS, 49m, grass heap trap, 16-19.VIII.2010, Yu-Lingzi Zhou and Liang Lü leg. ( IZ-CAS); CHINA, Guangxi: 2 males, 1 female, Fangchenggang, Fulong, 220m, light trap, 20.IV.1998, Hai-Sheng Zhou leg. ( IZ-CAS); CHINA, Hainan: 1 male, 1 female, Jianfeng, 70m, light trap, 26.III.1980, Fu-Ji Pu leg. ( IZ-CAS); 1 female, Qiongzhong, Limuling, 600m, light trap, 15.V.2007, Zong-Yi Zhao leg. ( IZ-CAS); 1 female, Xinglong Botanical Garden, 41m, rotten Artocarpus fruits, 22.III.2008, Liang Li leg. ( IZ-CAS); CHINA, Hubei, Shenglongjia: 1 male, Dongxi, 600m, 3.VIII.1998, Hong-Zhang Zhou leg. ( IZ-CAS); 2 males, 3 females, Jiuchong, 700m, light trap, 17.VII.1998, Xiao-Dong Yu leg. ( IZ-CAS); 1 male, same data as previous except: Hai-Sheng Zhou leg. ( IZ-CAS); 1 male, 1 female, same data as previous except: 18.VII.1998, Hong-Zhang Zhou leg. ( IZ-CAS); 1 female, same data as previous except: 21.VII.1998, Jun-Jian He leg. ( IZ-CAS); CHINA, Jiangxi, Fuzhou: 1 male, Huaxi, Zhanjiadi, cow dung, 4.IX.2010, Jian-Hua Zhou and Xiao-Yun Huang leg. ( IZ-CAS); 1 male, 41m, pod heap trap, 3.X.2010, Jian-Hua Zhou and Xiao-Yun Huang leg. ( IZ-CAS); CHINA, Shanghai, Zi-ka-wei [=Xujiahui]: 1 male, 31.VIII.1938 (IZ- CAS); 1 female, 4.XI.1938 ( IZ-CAS); CHINA, Taiwan: 1 male, Takao [=Kaohsiung], XII.1907, H. Sautter leg., incisus Motsch. det. Bernhauer ( FMNH); 2 females, Takao, 18.IX.1906, H. Sautter leg., ferrugineus Kr. det. Bernhauer, Oxytelus incisus Mots. det. P. M. Hammond 1976 ( FMNH); 2 males, 3 females, Taihorin [=Chiayi Hsien, Dalin Township], 22.VII.1911, H. Sautter leg. ( FMNH); 3 males, 1 female, same data as previous except: VII.1911, ferrugineus Kr. det. Bernhauer ( FMNH); 16 males, Hsin-chu Hsien (Dist.), Kuanhsi, white light trap, 8.X.1970, P. C. Lien leg. ( FMNH); 12 males, 15 females, T'ai-tung Hsien (Dist.), Peiyuan, Tungho, 200m, black light trap, 12.VI.1972, C. I. Cheng & T. S. Lo legg. ( FMNH); 33 males, 14 females, same data as previous except: white light trap ( FMNH); 30 males, 37 females, same data as previous but without elevation ( FMNH); 4 males, 5 females, T'ai-tung, Peiyuan, Tungho, 200m, 12.VI.1972, C. I. Cheng & T. S. Lo legg. ( FMNH); 2 males, T'ai-tung Hsien (Dist.), Tungho, Taiguan, 100m, black light trap, 1.IX.1972, F. J. Santana leg. ( FMNH); 14 males, 8 females, T'ai-tung, Tungho, Shih-Nan, Peiyuan, black light trap, 2.IX.1972, F. J. Santana leg. ( FMNH); 17 males, 14 females, same data as previous except: 200m [elevation] ( FMNH); 2 males, 2 females, Nan-t'ou Hsien (Dist.), Puli, 400m, black light trap, 20.VIII.1973, F. J. Santana leg. ( FMNH); 3 males, 1 female, P'ing-tung Hsien (Dist.), Ch'ao-chou, 29.VIII.1974, F. J. Santana leg. ( FMNH); 2 males, P'ing-tung Hsien (Dist.), Kulou, 31.VIII.1974, F. J. Santana leg. ( FMNH); 1 male, 1 female, P'ing-tung Hsien (Dist.), K'enting Pk., 250m, black light trap, 3.IX.1974, F. J. Santana leg. ( FMNH); 1 male, 2 females, Hua-lien Hsien (Dist.), Fengpin, black light trap, 14.IV.1975, F. J. Santana leg. ( FMNH); 2 females, Hua-lien Hsien (Dist.), Ho-p'ing, black light trap, 13.V.1974, F. J. Santana leg. ( FMNH); 1 female, P'eng-hu Hsien (Dist.), Makung, black light trap, 17.V.1975, F. J. Santana leg. ( FMNH); 18 females, Hsin-chu Hsien (Dist.), Kuanhsi, white light trap, 8.X.1970, P. C. Lien leg. ( FMNH); CHINA, Yunnan: 1 male, Mengyang, Kunge Naban, 910m, light trap, 8.X.2010, Yu-Lingzi Zhou, Liang Lü, and Xi Zhang leg. (IZ- CAS); INDIA: 6 males, 1 female, Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal, at ultraviolet light, 13.VII.1992, J. F. Cornell leg. ( FMNH); 1 female, W. Bengal, Dhupguri, Jalpaiguri, in garbage with cow dung, 14.IV.1971, S. Gupta leg. ( FMNH); INDONESIA: 1 male, 1 female, Java, Bandung, Bandung Institute of Technology, ex pony manure and compost near campus, 30.III.1988, D. L. Wrensch leg. ( FMNH); MALAYSIA: 17 males, 65 females, Borneo, Sabah, Mt. Kinabalu Nat. Pk., 480m, Poring Hot Spgs, 19.VIII.1988, A. Smetana leg. ( FMNH); 1 male, 1 female, same data as previous except: 485m ( FMNH); 1 female, Terengganu, Kampung Ayre Puteh, Berlese funnel from cattle dung, 27.IV.1977, L. E. Watrous leg. ( FMNH); PHILIPPINES: Mindanao Is., Davao Prov.: 1 male, Maco, Tagum, near sea level, X.1946, H. Hoogstraal leg. ( FMNH); 1 female, Todaya, E slope Mt. Apo, 2800ft, XI.1946, H. Hoogstraal leg. ( FMNH); RYUKYU IS.: 2 males, 7 females, Okinawa Is., Iwa., at light, 22.VII.1945, E. Ray leg. ( FMNH); 1 male, 1 female, same data as previous except: 24.VII.1945 ( FMNH); 1 male, same data as previous except: 26.VII.1945 ( FMNH); 5 males, 8 females, same data as previous except: 28.VIII.1945 ( FMNH); 1 male, same data as previous except: 1.IX.1945 ( FMNH); 1 female, same data as previous except: 13.IX.1945 ( FMNH); 1 female, Deragawa, on mud bank around stagnant pool, 5.VII.1945, E. Ray leg. ( FMNH); VIETNAM: 1 female, Binh Thuy, Army Post, 25.XI.1971, H. J. Harlan leg. ( FMNH).

Redescription. Body brownish. Head and pronotum a little darker, pronotum with pitchy posterior margin. Antennae, mandibles and legs dark yellow. Abdominal tergites II – VI each with posterior segmental membranes usually exposed, so in dorsal view 5 obvious stripes visible on abdomen. Length [average] male, 3.5 mm; female, 3.7 mm.

Male. Head ( Fig. 7A) subpentagonal, widest at eyes. Disc densely punctate, not pubescent. Clypeus subrectangular and not protruding, flat, almost 1/4 head length, surface impunctate and coriaceous, with anterior margin truncate and a little broadly rounded. Epistomal suture with lateral portions curved and running posteriorly. Vertex weakly convex, definitely distinguished from neck by middle portion of occipital suture, with midlongitudinal suture distinct. Eyes with coarse facets, convex and protruding laterally, over twice as long as temples. Temples lightly dilated. Occipital suture arc-shaped in dorsal view; nuchal ridge present in middle but obsolete, dorsal basal ridge absent.

Mandible ( Fig. 7C) slightly curved; two denticles on inner edge near middle and near apex each. Antenna (type I) a little shorter than or equal to head and pronotum together, with apical antennomere longer than preceding one.

Pronotum transverse, broadest at near anterior 1/3, almost equal to head. Disc punctate and 3-sulcate (as Fig. 1I); two paralateral depressions shallow, weakly rugose; lateral margin smooth and rounded in front but feebly crenulate behind. Elytra punctate and rugose, with lateral longitudinal ridge obsolete.

Abdomen coriaceous and covered with dense fine hairs, broadest at segment V. Sternite VII ( Fig. 7E) with posterior margin shortly produced in middle forming two close-neighbored teeth. Sternite VIII ( Fig. 7F) with subbasal ridge straight; posterior margin broad and with two V-shaped ruptures near middle, forming large and subrectangular median plate, apical margin of median plate slightly produced in middle. Tergite X ( Fig. 7G) longer than wide, posterior margin truncate with deep incision in middle, with two lines of setae on haired posterior part.

Aedeagus ( Figs. 7K–M). Median lobe oblong-ovoid, widest at middle; without any visible structures inside median lobe; apical orifice almost as large as median lobe width; apico-medial hook bifurcated in ventral view and bent at near base in lateral view, with apex flattened and narrower to tip; dorsal membranous area not covering all dorsum but almost across length of median lobe. Paramere horn-like, with seta on apical 1/3 of apical arm, with highlighted zone nearby; apex pointed, without furrow along basal arm.

Female. Head ( Fig. 7B) smaller than male. Vertex more convex, with mid-longitudinal suture present. Eyes convex and covering most of lateral plate of head. Pronotum wider than head. Mandible ( Fig. 7D) as long as in male but slenderer and sharper at apex.

Abdominal sternite VII with posterior margin straight and not modified. Sternite VIII ( Fig. 7G) with posterior margin broadly rounded. Tergite X ( Fig. 7I) scutiform, similar to male.

Spermatheca ( Fig. 7J) ʋ- shaped, basal portion lightly inflated.

Distribution. China (Beijing, Chongqing, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hong Kong, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Shanghai, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Cosmopolitan.

Remarks. This species is small compared to other Oxytelus species and can be recognized by the deep and narrow incision in tergite X, which exhibits remarkable difference to discriminate the O. incisus and O. subincisus . Unlike many other Oxytelus species , the males and females of O. incisus do not show much difference in dorsal view.


Field Museum of Natural History


California Academy of Sciences














Oxytelus incisus Motschulsky, 1857

Lü, Liang & Zhou, Hong-Zhang 2012

Oxytelus cordovensis

Hammond, P. M. 1975: 152
Bernhauer, M. 1910: 358

Oxytelus laxipennis

Fauvel, A. 1901: 71
Fairmaire, L. 1893: 527

Oxytelus bledioides

Fauvel, A. 1901: 71
Blackburn, T. 1885: 125

Oxytelus laevior

Fauvel, A. 1901: 71
Sharp, D. S. 1874: 92

Oxytelus ferrugineus

Cameron, M. 1934: 78
Kraatz, G. 1859: 173
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