Cunicumara anae St Laurent

St. Laurent, Ryan A., 2016, Revisions of the genera Lurama Schaus, 1928 and Ulmara Schaus, 1928 (Lepidoptera, Mimallonoidea, Mimallonidae) with the descriptions of three new Ulmara species and a new genus, ZooKeys 611, pp. 57-92 : 83-84

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scientific name

Cunicumara anae St Laurent

sp. n.

Taxon classification Animalia Lepidoptera Mimallonidae

Cunicumara anae St Laurent sp. n. Figs 29-30, 31; Map 3

Type material.

Holotype, ♂. BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz: Asumpcion [ Asunción], Bolivia, June 15, 1909, Haseman/ Carn. Mus., Acc. 4043/ Asumpsion, Bolivia, June 15-1909/ St Laurent diss.: 3-14-16:6/ HOLOTYPE ♂, Cunicumara anae St Laurent 2016 [handwritten red label]/ ( CMNH). Type locality: Bolivia: Santa Cruz: Asunción.

Paratypes, 2 ♂. BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz: 1 ♂, Asunción: 15.VI.1909, Haseman leg. ( CMNH). PARAGUAY: Concepción: 1 ♂, Garay Cue, 22°41'S, 57°22'W, 212 m: 4-9.VI.2013, Coll. D. Herbin, BC-Her 4868 [BOLD barcode number], D. Herbin genitalia prep. H1105 (CDH). - Paratypes with the following yellow label: PARATYPE ♂ Cunicumara anae St Laurent, 2016.


See generic diagnosis.


See generic description.


(Map 1). This species is known only from Santa Cruz Department, Bolivia, and Concepción Department, Paraguay at low elevations.


This species is named for Ana Paula dos Santos de Carvalho, a lepidopterist interested in the sexual dynamics of Papilionoidea. Ana is the best friend and source of the most joy in the author’s life.


This new species, and thus the genus Cunicumara in general, is very poorly represented in collections. However, very little Mimallonidae material is available from the type locality or similar regions in Brazil, Paraguay, and Bolivia, and thus the rarity of this species in collections is probably only due to under collecting. The two localities both border on the Brazilian Pantanal Biome ( IBGE 2004), and thus it is possible that this species is endemic to the wet lowlands, or the borders thereof, of this part of South America.

The two figured specimens (Figs 29 and 30) differ in coloration and antenna size. However, it is critical to note that the Bolivian specimens were collected in 1909 while the Paraguayan specimen was collected much more recently, in 2013. Therefore, differences in color can be attributed to the wide range of dates of collection. The salmon color that is apparent on the fresh specimen is faint, but present, when examining the wings of the old specimens under magnification. Furthermore, the figured Bolivian specimen (the holotype) is missing the distalmost portion of the antennae. Genitalia of these specimens are nearly identical (St Laurent diss.: 3-14-16:6 and D. Herbin genitalia prep. H1105).

According to Daniel Herbin (pers. comm.) the COI barcode data for Paraguayan paratype (BC-Her 4868) is quite distinct from other genera.