Bracon (Lucobracon) fortipes Wesmael, 1838

Papp, Jenő & Xviii, Budapest, 2012, A revision of the Bracon Fabricius species in Wesmael’s collection deposited in Brussels (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae), European Journal of Taxonomy 21, pp. 1-154: 27-31

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2012.21

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:993FCC8B-F8B1-42DD-B776-CA8435E08112

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3858861

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F8008D0E-FF9F-FFEF-0529-4EEAFA9CFAB1

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Bracon (Lucobracon) fortipes Wesmael, 1838
status

 

Bracon (Lucobracon) fortipes Wesmael, 1838  

Figs 10 View Fig A-J, 11A-I

Braco fortipes Wesmael, 1838: 18   ♀ (type material: one ♀), type locality: “environs de Liège” ( Belgium), ♀ holotype (“La seule femelle...” Wesmael l.c., present designation) in the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels; examined.

Bracon crocatus Schmiedeknecht, 1897: 540   ♀♁ (type material: at least one ♀ + one ♁), type locality: “Provinz Oran in Algerien ”, ♀ lectotype in Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin.); examined.

Further synonyms of B. fortipes   (see also Papp 2004: 173, 2005: 203): curiosus Szépligeti, 1901, indubius   var. 2. Szépligeti, 1901, lautus Szépligeti, 1901   and semirugosus Szépligeti, 1901.

Bracon fortipes   – Szépligeti 1901: 184 (in key, in Hungarian); 1904 (1901): 163 (in key, in German).

Bracon (Bracon) fortipes   – Telenga 1936: 164 (♀), 169 (♁) (in key), 257 (redescription) (in Russian) and 367 (♀), 371 (♁) (in key, in German), assigned to “Section Striobracon ” (= Bracon   s. str.).

Bracon (Lucobracon) fortipes   – Fahringer 1927: as valid species 251 (♀), 257 (♁) (in key) and 352 (redescription), assigned to “Section Lucobracon   ”. — Papp 1969: 319 (in key) and 324 (taxonomic remark). — Shenefelt 1978: 1618 (literature up to 1971). — Tobias & Belokobylskij 2000: 164 (as synonym with question-mark of B. erraticus   ).

Bracon crocatus   – Szépligeti 1901: 264 (in key, in Hungarian); 1904 (1901): 176 (in key, in German) ♀ ♁. — Fahringer 1927: as valid species 259 (♀), 274 (♁) (in key) and 377 (redescription), assigned to “Section Orthobracon   )”. — Telenga 1936: as valid species 173 (♀), 177 (♁) (in key), 282 (redescription) (in Russian) and 375 (♀), 379 (♁) (in key in German). — Shenefelt 1978: 1477 (as valid species, literature up to 1968). — Papp 1999: 297 (synonymization).

Designation of the ♀ holotype of Bracon fortipes  

(First label, handwritten) “II/1.”, (second label, printed) “Coll. Wesmael”, (third label, printed) “2028”, (fourth label) “ Braco fortipes   mihi ♀ ” (handwritten) “dét. C. Wesmael” (printed), (fifth label, printed red) “Type”, (sixth label with my handwriting) “ Belgique / Liège / leg. M. Robert” (above on label, locality after Wesmael l.c.), “teste J. Papp 1987” (reverse on label), seventh label is the holotype card. The ♀ holotype is in poor condition: (1) head together with antenna missing, (2) hind pair of tarsi damaged: hind right leg with tarsomeres 1-2 and hind left leg with only basitarsus.

Material examined

(32 ♀♀ + 47 ♁♁ from 19 countries): PORTUGAL: 1 ♀. SPAIN: 1 ♁. FRANCE: 1 ♀. ITALY: 1 ♀ + 2 ♁♁ from three localities. GERMANY: 1 ♀. SWEDEN: 1 ♁. AUSTRIA: 1 ♁. HUNGARY: 13 ♀♀ + 23 ♁♁ from thirty-one localities. SERBIA: 1 ♁. CROATIA: 4 ♀♀ + 4 ♁♁ from seven localities. BULGARIA: 3 ♀♀ + 1 ♁ from four localities. GREECE: 4 ♀♀ + 5 ♁♁ from seven localities. TUNISIA: 1 ♀. TURKEY: 3 ♀♀ + 1 ♁ from four localities. CYPRUS: 1 ♁. IRAN: 3 ♁♁ from two localities. KAZAKHSTAN: 1 ♁. MONGOLIA: 1 ♁. KOREA: 1 ♁.

Redescription of the ♀ holotype of B. fortipes   ( Fig. 10 View Fig A-H)

HEAD. Missing.

LENGTH. Length of body, or meso- and metasoma combined: 3.5mm.

MESOSOMA. In lateral view 1.6 times as long as high, polished. Notaulix anteriorly faintly distinct. Propodeum above lunule with oblique rugae, otherwise polished ( Fig. 10C View Fig ).

LEGS. Hind femur thick, 2.5 times as long as broad medially ( Fig. 10D View Fig ). Middle claw moderately downcurved, its basal lobe middle sized and pointed ( Fig. 10E View Fig ).

WINGS. Forewing about as long as meso- and metasoma combined. Pterostigma ( Fig. 10F View Fig ) three times as long as wide, issuing r from   its middle, r somewhat   shorter (i.e. 0.7 times) than width of pterostigma; submarginal cell short and wide, 3-SR 1.4 times as long as 2-SR, SR1 just not straight, 1.5 times as long as 3-SR and reaching tip of wing ( Fig. 10F View Fig ). First discal cell less high and fairly long, 1-M 1.6 times length of m-cu, 1-SR-M straight and 1.6 times as long as 1-M ( Fig. 10G View Fig ).

TERGITES. First tergite broad ( Fig. 10H View Fig ), slightly broader behind than long, pair of spiracles near before middle of tergite, beyond spiracles tergite parallel-sided, hind half of scutum rugose, margin of scutum crenulate, lateral rim of tergite rugo-rugulose. Tergites 2-3 transverse, suture between them bisinuate and just subcrenulate; third tergite medially a bit longer than second tergite, second tergite 3.3 times as broad behind as long laterally. Tergites 2-3 longitudinally striate, third tergite laterally smooth ( Fig. 10H View Fig ), further tergites polished. Ovipositor sheath as long as hind tibia + tarsomeres 1-2 combined (right leg!).

COLOUR. Ground colour of body reddish yellow. Prosternum, propodeum and scutum behind (first tergite) dark to blackish brown. Tegula yellowish. Legs reddish yellow, hind coxa anteriorly dark to blackish brown. Hind tibia apically and all tarsi brownish fumous. Wings faintly fumous, pterostigma and veins light brownish.

Description of the head

The description is based on a ♀ quite identical to the ♀ lectotype (taken in Hungary, Makó, 12 July 1950, ex larva Dypessa ulula Borkhausen, Lep.   Cossidae   , leg. et educ. Dr. B. Nagy).

Antenna short, as long as head + mesosoma + tergites 1-2 combined and with 32 antennomeres. First flagellomere 1.4 times and penultimate flagellomere 1.2 times as long as broad, middle flagellomeres cubic and last 7-8 flagellomeres somewhat longer than broad. Head in dorsal view ( Fig. 10A View Fig ) transverse, almost 1.9 times as broad as long, eye somewhat protruding and almost 1.3 times length of temple, temple moderately rounded, occiput excavated. Oral opening fairly large, its horizontal diameter onethird longer than shortest distance between opening and compound eye ( Fig. 10B View Fig ). Head polished.

Variable features of the ♀ (32 ♀♀) ( Figs 10 View Fig I-J; 11A-E)

Body 3-4.3, usually 3.5-4, mm long. Antenna with 26-33 antennomeres. Head in dorsal view less transverse, 1.7-1.85 times as broad as long, eye 1.2 to 1.4 times length of temple ( Fig. 11A View Fig ). Hind femur usually 2.5 times, less usually 2.8-2.9 times, as long as broad medially ( Fig. 10 View Fig I-J). Pterostigma 2.7-3 times as long as wide, 3-SR 1.25-1.4 times as long as 2-SR ( Fig. 11B View Fig ). First discal cell more low to low, 1-M 1.4-1.6 times length of m-cu ( Fig. 11C View Fig ). First tergite beyond spiracles sometimes just broadening ( Fig. 11D View Fig ). Tergites 2-3 usually rather longitudinally rugose to rugulose ( var. curiosus Szépligeti   ; Fig. 11E View Fig ), third tergite sometimes almost smooth ( var. lautus Szépligeti   ) or sculpture varying to nearly smooth tergites 2-3, i.e. rugo-rugulosity restricting around medio-basal field of second tergite. Vertex, mesoscutum, propodeum and first tergite with black pattern of variable extent. Tergites 2-3(4) rarely blackish to back medially.

Description of the ³ (47 ³³) ( Figs 10 View Fig I-J; 11F-I)

Similar to the ♀. Body 2.8-3.5 mm long. Antenna about as long as body or somewhat shorter and with 30-35 antennomeres. Flagelloneres distally clearly longer than broad. Head in dorsal view ( Fig. 11F View Fig ) 1.6-1.7 times as broad as long. Hind femur 2.6-2.9 times as long as broad medially ( Fig. 10 View Fig I-J). Second submarginal cell less short, 3-SR 1.4 to 1.5 times as long as 2-SR ( Fig. 11G View Fig ); SR1 rarely only approaching tip of wing. First discal cell sometimes less low, 1-M 1.9 times as long as m-cu ( Fig. 11H View Fig ). First tergite as long as broad ( Fig. 11I View Fig ) or slightly broader behind, tergites 2-3 usually less broad, 2.2-2.4 times as broad as long ( Fig. 11I View Fig ); second tergite rugose, third tergite rugose-rugulose, sculpture varying like that of ♀. Ground colour reddish yellow to testaceous with rich blackish to black pattern on head (vertex), mesoscutum, propodeum, mesopleuron, mesosternum and tergites 1-7.

Distribution

Palaearctic Region, Korea; in Europe widely distributed.

Hosts

COL. Buprestidae   : Sphaeroptera jugoslavica Obenberger. Curculionidae   : Lixus anguinus Linnaeus.   Cerambycidae   : Plagionotus floralis Linnaeus.   — LEP. Cossidae   :! Dyspessa ulula Borkhausen   , new host. Sesiidae   : Bembecia scopigera Scopoli.   Noctuidae   : Gortyna xanthenes Germar.  

Taxonomic position

Within the subgenus Lucobracon   the species Bracon fortipes   is nearest to B. erraticus Wesmael   (Palaearctic Region) viewing their wide first tergite and thick hind femur, the two species are separated by the following key features:

1 (2) Second tergite rugose, third tergite rugulose-subrugulose ( Fig. 8J View Fig ). Claw clearly downcurved ( Fig. 8G View Fig ). Forewing: second submarginl cell relatively less wide (as usually), 3-SR at most 1.3 times length of 2-SR ( Figs 8H View Fig ; 9D, G View Fig ). Pterostigma brown ( Figs 8H View Fig ; 9D, G View Fig ), ground colour of body black with more or less reddish yellow to yellow pattern. ♀ ♁: 2.5-4.5 mm ........ B. (Lu.) erraticus Wesmael, 1838  

2 (1) Tergites 2-3 longitudinally striated ( Fig. 10H View Fig ) or longitudinally rugose-rugulose ( Fig. 11E View Fig ). Claw less downcurved ( Fig. 10E View Fig ). Forewing: second submarginal cell relatively wide, 3-SR (1.25-)1.4 times length of 2-SR ( Fig. 10F View Fig ). Pterostigma light brownish ( Fig. 10F View Fig ), ground colour of body reddish yellow with less dark pattern. ♀: (3-) 3.5-4.3 mm, ♁: 2.8-3.5 mm ............... B. (Lu.) fortipes Wesmael, 1838  

By its yellowish reddish ground colour B. erraticus var. confinis (Szépligeti)   superficially resembling B. fortipes   ; however, they are distinguished by the following key features:

1 (2) Claw less downcurved ( Fig. 10E View Fig ). Tergites 2-3 longitudinally striate ( Fig. 10H View Fig ). Pterostigma yellow. ♀ ♁: 2.8m- 4.3 mm .................................................................. B. (Lu.) fortipes Wesmael, 1838  

2 (1) Claw more downcurved ( Fig. 8G View Fig ). Tergites 2-3 rugose-rugulose ( Fig. 8J View Fig ). Pterostigma opaque brown, exceptionally yellow. ♀ ♁: 2.5-5.5 mm ........ B. (Lu) erraticus var. confinis ( Szépligeti, 1901)  

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Braconidae

Genus

Bracon

Loc

Bracon (Lucobracon) fortipes Wesmael, 1838

Papp, Jenő & Xviii, Budapest 2012
2012
Loc

Bracon fortipes

Szepligeti Gy. 1901: 184
1901
Loc

Bracon crocatus

Schmiedeknecht O. 1897: 540
1897
Loc

Braco fortipes

Wesmael C. 1838: 18
1838
Loc

B. fortipes

Papp 2004: 173
Loc

Bracon (Bracon) fortipes

Telenga 1936: 164
Shenefelt 1978: 1618
Tobias & Belokobylskij 2000: 164
Loc

Bracon crocatus

Szépligeti 1901: 264
Shenefelt 1978: 1477
Papp 1999: 297