Bracon (Bracon) pectoralis var. fumigatus ( Szépligeti, 1901 )

Papp, Jenő & Xviii, Budapest, 2012, A revision of the Bracon Fabricius species in Wesmael’s collection deposited in Brussels (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae), European Journal of Taxonomy 21, pp. 1-154: 74-75

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2012.21

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:993FCC8B-F8B1-42DD-B776-CA8435E08112

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3858922

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F8008D0E-FFCC-FFBB-07D7-4989FA9CF8D2

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Bracon (Bracon) pectoralis var. fumigatus ( Szépligeti, 1901 )
status

 

Bracon (Bracon) pectoralis var. fumigatus ( Szépligeti, 1901)   (= var. maculatus Papp, 1968   )

Material examined

25 ♀♀ + 14 ♁♁ from 14 countries: ENGLAND: 1 ♀. GERMANY: 1 ♀. HUNGARY: 9 ♀♀ + 3 ♁♁ from seven localities. ROMANIA (Transsylvania): 1 ♀ + 1 ♁ from two localities. SLOVENIA: 1 ♀. BULGARIA: 1 ♁. ALBANIA: 1 ♀. GREECE: 1 ♀ + 1 ♁ from two localities. SPAIN: 3 ♀♀ + 2 ♁♁ from five localities. ITALY: 3 ♀♀ from three localities. ALGERIA: 5 ♁♁ from five localities. EGYPT: 1 ♀. CYPRUS: 2 ♀♀ + 1 ♁ from one locality. TURKMENISTAN: 1 ♀.

Deviation from the nominate form

Ground colour of body testaceous with brown, dark brown to black(ish) pattern laterally on mesoscutum, prosternum, mesosternum, propodeum, laterally from scutellum (or axille) and (partly) coxae + trochanters. ♀ ♁: 2.5-4 mm long. - Distributed in the western Palaearctic Region.

Taxonomic position

Within the subgenus Bracon   s. str. the species Bracon pectoralis   is nearest to the albanic form of B. luteator Spinola   (Palaearctic Region) viewing their somewhat less transverse head in dorsal view, long ovipositor sheath and reddish yellow to testaceous corporal colour. The two species are distinguished by the following features:

1 (2) Tergites 2-3 of equal length, second tergite at most a bit longer than third tergite and anterolaterally without a pair of fields; first tergite broader behind than long, distinctly broadening posteriorly ( Figs 33G View Fig ; 34A View Fig ; 35F View Fig ). Temple in dorsal view rounded to more rounded ( Figs 33A View Fig ; 35A View Fig ). Hind femur broadening distally ( Figs 33C View Fig ; 35 View Fig B-C). Femora yellow. ♀: 3-4.5 mm, ♁: 2.6-3.6 mm .......................................................................................................... B. (B.) pectoralis Wesmael, 1838  

2 (1) Second tergite 1.2-1.3 times longer than third tergite and antero-laterally with a pair of faintly distinct fields with weak sculpture; first tergite somewhat longer than broad behind, weakly broadening posteriorly; sculpture of tergites 2-3 slightly less dense ( Fig. 34E View Fig ). Temple in dorsal view moderately rounded ( Fig. 33J View Fig ). Hind femur nearly evenly broad or, less frequently, just broadening ( Figs 34F View Fig ). Femora more or less blackish to black. ♀ ♁: (2.2-) 2.5-5.5 mm .............. B. (B.) luteator Spinola, 1808  

Bracon pectoralis   is also near to the species B. (B.) mesasiaticus Tobias   ( Uzbekistan) viewing their testaceous body colour and transverse weak furrows on hind part of tergites 3-7; the two species are separated by the following marks keyed:

1 (2) Temple in dorsal view rounded; eye less long, (1.25-)1.3 times as long as temple ( Fig. 33A View Fig ). Forewing: marginal cell (or vein R 1) reaching tip of wing ( Fig. 33E View Fig ). First tergite broadening posteriorly, tergites rugose-rugulose ( Fig. 33G View Fig ). Body testaceous with a few to more ( var. fumigatus   ) dark coloured pattern. ♀: (2.8-) 3-4.5 mm, ♁: 2.6-3.6(-4) mm .... B. (B.) pectoralis Wesmael, 1838  

2 (1) Temple in dorsal view strongly rounded; eye almost twice as long as temple ( Fig. 35J View Fig ). Forewing: marginal cell (or vein R 1) approaching tip of wing ( Fig. 35K View Fig ). First tergite parallel-sided and as long as broad behind ( Fig. 26B View Fig ). Tergites rugulo-granular ( Fig. 35L View Fig ). ♀: 3-3.2 mm ........... ......................................................................................................... B. (B.) mesasiaticus Tobias, 1957  

Bracon pectoralis   is near to the Nearctic ( U.S.A.) species B. (B.) mellitor Say   considering their common features: testaceous body colour, strongly downcurved claw and weak transverse furrows on hind part of tergites 3-7; the two species are distinguished as follows:

1 (2) First tergite as long as broad behind, its pair of spiracles near to middle of tergite, scutum postero-laterally with a pair of rather transverse keels ( Fig. 26C View Fig ). ♀: tergites 2-3 granularly sculptured ( Fig. 26C View Fig ), rarely second tergite anteriorly with rugulo(-rugose) elements ( Fig. 26D View Fig ); ♁: tergites 2-3 rugulose, less frequently rugulose-granulose. Eye in dorsal view 1.5 times longer than temple ( Fig. 34B View Fig ). Basal lobe of claw not pointed ( Fig. 34C View Fig ). Hind femur not broadening posteriorly, 2.9-3 times as long as broad medially ( Fig. 34D View Fig ). Hind tibia and all tarsi brown to blackish. ♀: (3.5-)4-4.5(-5) mm, ♁: 3-3.5(-4) mm ...................................... B. (B.) mellitor Say, 1836  

2 (1) First tergite one-fifth broader behind than long, its pair of spiracles less near to middle of tergite, scutum without transverse pair of keels. Females: tergites 2-3 rugose-rugulose ( Fig. 33G View Fig ; ♁: tergiteds 2-3 with striate elements ( Fig. 34A View Fig ). Eye in dorsal view 1.2-1.25 times longer than temple ( Fig. 33A View Fig ). Basal lobe of claw somewhat pointed ( Fig. 33D View Fig ). Hind femur broadening posteriorly, 3.3-3.5 times as long as broad distally ( Figs 33C View Fig ; 35 View Fig B-C). Hind tibia yellow, tarsi brownish. ♀: (2.8-) 3-4.5 mm, ♁: 2.6-3.6(-4) mm .......................................................................... B. (B.) pectoralis Wesmael, 1838  

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Braconidae

Genus

Bracon