Bracon (Gabrobracon) peroculatus Wesmael, 1838

Papp, Jenő & Xviii, Budapest, 2012, A revision of the Bracon Fabricius species in Wesmael’s collection deposited in Brussels (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae), European Journal of Taxonomy 21, pp. 1-154: 76-78

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2012.21

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:993FCC8B-F8B1-42DD-B776-CA8435E08112

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3858900

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F8008D0E-FFCE-FFBC-06C9-4965FA95FA2D

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Bracon (Gabrobracon) peroculatus Wesmael, 1838
status

 

Bracon (Gabrobracon) peroculatus Wesmael, 1838  

Fig. 36 View Fig A-L

Braco peroculatus Wesmael, 1838: 46   ♀ (type series: 1 ♀), type locality: “environs de Liège” ( Belgium), ♀ holotype (“Je ne possède qu’un seul individu de cette espèce,...” Wesmael l.c., present designation) in the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels; examined.

Braco peroculatus   – Szépligeti 1901: 266 (in key, in Hungarian); 1904 (1901): 187 (in key, in German). Bracon (Glabrobracon) peroculatus   – Fahringer 1927: 282 (♀, in key) and 1928: 481 (redescription), assigned to “Section Glabrobracon   ”. — Telenga 1936: 143 (♀, in key), 180 (redescription) (in Russian) and 345 (in key, in German). — Shenefelt 1978: 1579 (literature up to 1971). — Tobias 1986: 136 (in key, in Russian). — Tobias & Belokobylskij 2000: 148 (in key, in Russian).

Designation of the ♀ holotype of B. peroculatus  

(First label, handwritten) “47”; (second label, printed) “Coll. Wesmael”; (third label, printed) “2060”; (fourth label) “ Braco   ♀ / peroculatus mihi L” (handwritten) “dét. C. Wesmael” (printed); (fifth label, printed) “Type”; (sixth label with my handwriting) “ Belgique / Liège / leg. M. Robert” (above) “teste J. Papp 1987” (reverse); seventh label is the holotype card attached by me. Holotype is in fairly poor condition: (1) micropinned; (2) flagelli deficient; (3) right fore wing distally (beyond pterostigma) deficient; (4) missing: hind pair of wings and pair of ovipositor sheath.

Material examined

4 ♀♀ from four countries: AUSTRIA, Salzburg, Mattsee: 1 ♀, taken from an umbellifer flower, 9 Sep. 1957, leg. Babiy. GERMANY, Thüringen, Triptis, Braunsd. Wald: 1 ♀, 7 Jun. 1972, leg. H. Schnee. HUNGARY, Edde, Alsóbogát: 1 ♀, taken from Stenactis annua   flower, 22 Jun. 1985, leg. Zs. Józan. MACEDONIA, Üsküb (=Skopje): 1 ♀, 4 Jun. 1914, leg. Schulze.

Redescription of the ♀ holotype of B. peroculatus   ( Fig. 36 View Fig A-G)

LENGTH. Body 5 mm long.

ANTENNAE. Deficient (according to the original description antenna with 40 antennomeres), right antenna with 16 and left antenna with 14 flagellomeres. First flagellomere 1.6 times and 16th flagellomere 1.3 times as long as broad apically.

HEAD. In dorsal view transverse ( Fig. 36A View Fig ), just less than twice (i.e. 1.9 times) as broad as long, eye somewhat protruding and 1.4 times as long as temple, temple receded, occiput weakly excavated. Horizontal diameter of oral opening one-fifth longer than shortest distance between opening and compound eye ( Fig. 36B View Fig ). Head polished.

MESOSOMA. In lateral view 1.3 times as long as high. Propodeum polished, around lunule with short subrugulosity.

LEGS. Hind femur 3.3 times as long as broad medially ( Fig. 36C View Fig ). Claw of hind leg clearly downcurved and its basal lobe fairly large ( Fig. 36D View Fig ).

WINGS. Forewing about one-quarter longer than body. Pterostigma wide ( Fig. 36E View Fig ), 2.8 times as long as wide and issuing r just   proximally from its middle, r slightly   shorter than width of pterostigma; second submarginal cell less long, 3-SR somewhat longer than 2-SR, SR1 more than twice as long as 3-SR, straight and reaching tip of wing; 1-R1 clearly 1.5 times as long as pterostigma. First discal cell high, 1-M a bit more than twice as long as m-cu, 1-SR-M bent and 1.2 times longer than 1-M ( Fig. 36F View Fig ).

TERGITES. First tergite ( Fig. 36G View Fig ) 1.3 times as long as broad behind, beyond pair of spiracles parallelsided, margin of scutum crenulated, scutum posteriorly with line-shape subrugulae. Second tergite one-sixth longer than third tergite, suture between them faintly biconcave, fairly deep and smooth. Second tergite anteo-medially (below small areola) subrugulose, otherwise together with further tergites polished. Ovipositor sheath as long as hind tibia + tarsus combined.

COLOUR. Antenna, head, mesosoma and legs black, metasoma yellow. Pedicel, orbit, clypeus and mandible brownish yellow. Palpi brownish. Tegula brown. Trochanteri partly, femora + tibiae apically and tarsi ventrally rusty yellow. Scutum of first tergite black. Wings brownish fumous, pterostigma and veins light brown.

Variabilities of three ♀♀ ( Fig. 36 View Fig F-L)

Body 4.5-5 mm long. Antenna somewhat shorter (1 ♀) to as long as body (2 ♀♀), with 33-39 antennomeres. First flagellomere 1.5-1.6 times and penultimate flagellomere 1.3 times as long as broad. Head in dorsal view 1.8-1.85 as broad as long, eye somewhat less protruding ( Fig. 36H View Fig ). Hind femur as in Fig. 36I View Fig . Pterostigma 2.5 times as long as wide ( Fig. 36J View Fig ). First tergite slightly broadening beyond pair of spiracles ( Fig. 36K View Fig ). First tergite entirely black, further tergites medially with a black streak. Posterior end of ovipositor apparatus as in Fig. 36L View Fig . Fore leg yellow except coxa + trochanter. Tegula brown to yellow. Mandible rusty.

Male unknown.

Host

LEP. Tortricidae   : Cnephasia chrysantheana Duponchel.  

Distribution

Belgium, Germany, Austria, Macedonia, European Russia, Asiatic Russia (Primorski Krai).

Taxonomic position

Bracon peroculatus   is nearest to B. megapterus Wesmael   (Europe, Mongolia) considering their corporal structure and colour pattern; however, they are differentiated by the following features:

1 (2) Scutum of first tergite postero-laterally without a pair of impressions, second tergite anteromedially with a usual small areola, tergite laterally not impressed: subgeneric difference of Glabrobracon   ( Fig. 36G View Fig ). Temple in dorsal view receded, head transverse, 1.8-1.9 times as broad as long ( Fig. 36A, H View Fig ). Second submarginal cell less long, 3-SR somewhat longer than 2-SR ( Fig. 36E View Fig ). ♀: 4.5-5 mm ................................................................................. B. (Gl.) peroculatus Wesmael, 1838  

2 (1) Scutum of first tergite postero-laterally with a pair of impressions, second tergite antero-medially with a well prominent areola margined with crenulae, tergite laterally longitudinally impressed: subgeneric difference of Foveobracon   ( Fig. 22H, J View Fig ). Temple in dorsal view rounded, head less transverse, 1.7 times as broad as long ( Fig. 22A View Fig ). Second submarginal cell long, 3-SR 1.7-1.8 times longer than 2-SR ( Fig. 22F View Fig ). ♀ ♁: 5 mm ......................................... B. (Fov.) megapterus Wesmael, 1838  

Bracon peroculatus   is also near to B. plugarui   considering their corporal structure, form of second submarginal cell of fore wing and colour of body; the two species are distinguished as follows:

1 (2) First and second tergites without impression: subgeneric difference of Glabrobracon   . Second tergite clearly longer than third tergite; second tergite around areola not (or weakly) sculptured ( Fig. 36G View Fig ). Eye in dorsal view somewhat protruding ( Fig. 36A View Fig ). Ovipositor sheath as long as hind tibia + tarsus combined. Mandible brownish yellow to rusty. ♀: 4.5-5 mm ..................................................... ........................................................................................................ B. (Gl.) peroculatus Wesmael, 1838  

2 (1) Scutum of first tergite and second tergite laterally with a pair of impressions: subgeneric difference of Foveobracon   . Tergites 2-3 equal in length; second tergite around areola rugo-rugulose ( Fig. 23D View Fig ). Eye in dorsal view not protruding ( Fig. 23B View Fig ). Ovipositor sheath at most as long as hind tarsus. Mandible pale yelolw. ♀: 2-3 mm ................................................ B. (Fov.) plugarui Tobias, 1986  

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Braconidae

Genus

Bracon

Loc

Bracon (Gabrobracon) peroculatus Wesmael, 1838

Papp, Jenő & Xviii, Budapest 2012
2012
Loc

Braco peroculatus

Wesmael C. 1838: 46
1838
Loc

Braco peroculatus

Szépligeti 1901: 266
Fahringer 1927: 282
Telenga 1936: 143
Shenefelt 1978: 1579
Tobias 1986: 136
Tobias & Belokobylskij 2000: 148