Bracon (Bracon) fulvipes Nees, 1834

Papp, Jenő & Xviii, Budapest, 2012, A revision of the Bracon Fabricius species in Wesmael’s collection deposited in Brussels (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae), European Journal of Taxonomy 21, pp. 1-154: 122-126

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2012.21

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:993FCC8B-F8B1-42DD-B776-CA8435E08112

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3858847

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F8008D0E-FFFC-FF8C-0514-4CF2FAD6FDBD

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Bracon (Bracon) fulvipes Nees, 1834
status

 

Bracon (Bracon) fulvipes Nees, 1834  

Figs 60 View Fig A-J, 61A-E

Bracon fulvipes Nees, 1834: 74   ♀♁ (number of type specimens uncertain), type locality: “prope Sickershausen” ( Germany), type series destroyed.

Bracon (Striobracon) kiritshenkoi Telenga, 1936: 159   (in key), 235 (description) (in Russian) and 361 (in key), 393 (description) (in German) ♀, type locality: “ Dagestan ” (European Russia), type series in Zoological Institute, Saint Petersburg; not examined.

Bracon (Striobracon) sylvanus Greese, 1928: 154   ♀, type locality: “Darniza (Bezirk Kiew)” ( Ukraine), type series in?Zoological Institute, Kiew or?Zoological Institute, Sankt Petersburg; not examined.

Bracon fulvipes   – Wesmael 1838: 26 ♀♁ (first reviser, redescription). — Szépligeti 1901: 183 (in key, in Hungarian); 1904 (1901): 159 (♀), 163 (♁) (in key, in German).

Bracon (Orthobracon) fulvipes   – Fahringer 1927: 265, 266 (♀), 276 (♁) (in key) and 389 (redescription), assigned to “Section Orthobracon   ” — Tobias 1961: 165 (redescription).

Bracon (Striobracon) fulvipes   – Telenga 1936: 159 (♀), 167 ♁) (in key), 236 (redescription) (in Russian) and 361 (♀), 369 (♁) (in key, in German), assigned to “Section Striobracon ” (= Bracon   s. str.).

Bracon (Bracon) fulvipes   – Papp 1968: 193 (in key), 198 (taxonomy, assigned first to subgenus Bracon   ). — Shenefelt 1978: 1485 (literature up to 1974). — Tobias 1986: 127 (in key, in Russian). — Tobias & Belokobylskij 2000: 130, 135 (in key, in Russian).

Bracon (Striobracon) kiritshenkoi   – Tobias 1986: 127 (in key, synonymization).

Bracon (Striobracon) sylvanus   – Tobias 1961: 165 (synonymization).

Taxonomic remarks

1) On the basis of the description the name B. parvus Niezabitowski, 1910: 12   (56) and 18 (62) (type locality: “Rytro”, Poland) seems to be a junior synonym of B. fulvipes   .

2) Bracon fulvipes Nees   : Wesmael 1838: 26 ♀♁. Wesmael’s series (22 ♀♀ + 11 ♁♁) of this species was taken in Belgium: 19 ♀♀ + 11 ♁♁ in the environment of Brussels (in the original description this locality is not indicated; however, it is well-known that Wesmael’s collecting site was “environs de Bruxelles ” frequently visited) and 3 ♀♀ in the environment of Liège. I have examined 16 ♀♀ and 3 ♁♁ of this series (one ♀ with the name label det. Wesmael and the rest of ♀♀ with the name label det. Marshall). The single ♀ with the name label Bracon fulvipes   det. Wesmael was selected and designated here as the ♀ neotype of B. fulvipes   , its locality is Liège, Belgium. 11 ♀♀ (+ 1 ♀ missing from the micropin)) + 3 ♁♁ received the name B. fulvipes   and, furthermore, 1 ♀ proved to represent B. erraticus   as well as 2 ♀♀ proved to represent B. intercessor Nees. Supposedly   this series (12 +1 + 2 ♀♀ and 3 ♁♁) belong to the original series (19 ♀♀ + 11 ♁♁) by Wesmael (indicated before); however, labelled as “det. Marshall” of unknown reason.

Designation of the ♀ neotype of Bracon fulvipes Nees sensu Wesmael  

(first label, printed) “ Coll. Wesmael ”; (second label, printed) “2048”; (third label) “ Braco fulvipes   ” (handsript) “dét. C. Wesmael ” (printed); fourth label is the locality “ Belgique / LiègeLiège / leg. M. Carlier ” and the fifth label is the neotype card (fourth and fifth labels were attached by me). Neotype is in good condition: (1) pinned by mesosoma (hind half of mesoscutum invisible owing to the thick

pin, pin somewhat covered with copper vitriol crystals); (2) left antenna apically deficient, i.e. with 31 antennomeres; (3) fifth tarsomere of right hind leg missing.

Material examined

103 ♀♀ + 55 ♁♁ from 27 countries: IRELAND: 1 ♀. SCOTLAND: 2 ♀♀ from two localities. ENGLAND 4 ♀♀ + 3 ♁♁ from five localities. THE NETHERLANDS: 8 ♀♀ + 2 ♁♁ from five localities. SWEDEN: 1 ♀. DENMARK: 1 ♀ + 1 ♁ from two localities. GERMANY: 5 ♀♀ + 4 ♁♁ from six localities. SWITZERLAND: 1 ♀. POLAND: 1 ♁. BOHEMIA: 4 ♀♀ + 1 ♁ from five localities. SLOVAKIA: 3 ♀♀ + 1 ♁ from four localities. HUNGARY: 55 ♀♀ + 19 ♁♁ from 62 localities. ROMANIA: 5 ♀♀ + 8 ♁♁ from ten localities. SPAIN: 2 ♀♀ from two localities. ITALY: 1 ♀. KOSOVO: 2 ♁♁ from one locality. MACEDONIA: 1 ♁. SERBIA: 1 ♀. BULGARIA: 2 ♀♀ + 2 ♁♁ from four localities. TURKEY: 1 ♁. ALGERIA: 2 ♀♀ from two localities. TUNISIA: 3 ♀♀ + 3 ♁♁ from one locality. UKRAINE: 1 ♁. EUROPEAN RUSSIA: 1 ♁. GEORGIA: 1 ♁. IRAN: 2 ♁♁ from two localities. KOREA: 2 ♀♀ + 1 ♁ from two localities.

Description of the ♀ neotype of B. fulvipes   ( Figs 60 View Fig A-J; 61A)

LENGTH. Body 4.8 mm long.

ANTENNAE. (right one) Shorter than body and with 38 antennomeres. First flagellomere twice and penultimate flagellomere 1.6 times as long as broad ( Fig. 60A View Fig ).

HEAD. In dorsal view transverse ( Fig. 60B View Fig ), 1.7 times as broad as long, eye 1.8 times longer than temple, temple receded, occiput weakly excavated. OOL almost twice as long as POL. In lateral view eye 1.4 times as high as wide and 1.7 times wider than temple, temple ventrally somewhat broadening ( Fig. 60C View Fig ). Oral opening: its horizontal diameter 1.3 times as long as shortest distance between opening and compound eye ( Fig. 60D View Fig ). Head polished, face and frons shagreened and dull.

MESOSOMA. In lateral view elongated, 1.5 times as long as high, polished. Notaulix distinct. Propodeum rugulo-rugose, medio-longitudinal carina less distinct ( Fig. 60E View Fig ).

LEGS. Hind femur 3.1 times as long as broad distally ( Fig. 60F View Fig ). Claw downcurved, its basal lobe less distinct ( Fig. 60G View Fig ).

WINGS. Forewing as long as body. Pterostigma ( Fig. 60H View Fig ) 2.8 times as long as wide and issuing r distally   from its middle, r 0.7 times as long as width of pterostigma. Second submarginal cell fairly long, 3-SR 1.4 times longer than 2-SR, SR1 straight, 1.7 times as long as 3-SR and reaching tip of wing. First discal cell usual in size, 1-M twice as long as m-cu, 1-SR-M bent anteriorly and somewhat longer than 1-M ( Fig. 60I View Fig ).

TERGITES. First tergite quadrate in form ( Fig. 60J View Fig ), just broader behind than long, beyond pair of spiracles moderately broadening, scutum behind rugose, margin of scutum with crenulae. Second tergite nearly 2.8 times as broad as long medially, suture between tergites 2-3 straight, deep and finely crenulated. Third tergite somewhat shorter than second tergite. Second tergite rugose, further tergites transversely rugulose ( Fig. 60J View Fig ). Hypopygium pointed, ovipositor sheath long, as long as hind tibia + hind tarsomeres 1-2 combined ( Fig. 61A View Fig ).

COLOUR. Ground colour of head and metasoma with black pattern, mesosoma black. Scape blackish brown, pedicel reddish, flagellum greyish brown. Ocellar field widely black. Mandible yellow, apically blackish, palpi with brownish tint. Lateral part of pronotum and pair of antero-lateral maculae on declivous part of mesoscutum yellow. Tegula pale yellow. First tergite entirely and median maculae of tergites 2-4 black to blackish. Legs yellow, fifth tarsomeres brownish. Wings faintly brownish fumous, pterostigma and veins brown.

Variable features of eleven ♀♀ det. Marshall in Wesmael’s Collection ( Fig. 61 View Fig B-E)

Body 4-5 mm long. Antenna with 30-38 antennomeres (1 ♀: 30, 1 ♀: 31, 1 ♀: 32, 1 ♀: 33, 1 ♀: 38). Hind femur 2.7 times (1 ♀, Fig. 61B View Fig ) and 3.3 times (1 ♀, Fig. 61C View Fig ) as long as broad distally. First tergite slightly longer than broad behind (2 ♀♀, Fig. 61D View Fig ). Tergites with weak sculpture: first tergite rugose, second tergite antero-medially rugulose, otherwise together with third tergite weakly granulose (2 ♀♀, Fig. 61E View Fig ). Mesosoma with much reddish yellow pattern.

Variable features of the ♀ (103 ♀♀) ( Fig. 61D, F View Fig )

Body (2.5-)3-5(-5.5) mm long. Antenna about as long as body and with 26-41, usually 30-37, antennomeres. Flagellum attenuating distally, flagellomeres (1.5-)1.7-1.8 times as long as broad. Head in dorsal view 1.7-1.85, usually 1.75-1.8, times as broad as long. Hind femur 2.6-3(-3.4) times as long as broad distally. First tergite somewhat broader behind than long (6 ♀♀, cf. Fig. 61F View Fig ), or somewhat longer than broad behind ( Fig. 61D View Fig ). Tergites 3-6 weakly rugulose (16 ♀♀) to uneven (7 ♀♀). Ovipositor sheath short, i.e. as long as hind tibia (18 ♀♀) to long, i.e. as long as hind tibia + tarsus combined (11 ♀♀).

Variable features of the ³ (55 ³³) ( Fig. 61D, F View Fig ; 64G View Fig )

Similar to the ♀. Body 2.3-4.5(-5) mm long. Antenna somewhat longer than body and with 27-42, usually 34-39, antennomeres. Flagellum just attenuating distally, flagellomeres 1.7-2 times as long as broad. Head in dorsal view 1.6-1.8 times as broad as long, temple rather rounded (14 ♁♁, cf. Fig. 64G View Fig ). Hind femur 2.5-3 times as long as broad distally. First tergite usually somewhat longer than broad behind ( Fig. 61D View Fig ). Second tergite longer than third tergite (cf. Fig. 61F View Fig ). Sculpture of tergites 2-6 variable: rugose to uneven. Body usually with much dark, i.e. dark brown to black, colour pattern.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Braconidae

Genus

Bracon

Loc

Bracon (Bracon) fulvipes Nees, 1834

Papp, Jenő & Xviii, Budapest 2012
2012
Loc

Bracon (Striobracon) kiritshenkoi

Tobias V. I. 1986: 127
1986
Loc

Bracon (Bracon) fulvipes

Tobias V. I. & Belokobylskij S. A. 2000: 130
Tobias V. I. 1986: 127
Shenefelt R. D. 1978: 1485
Papp J. 1968: 193
1968
Loc

Bracon (Striobracon) kiritshenkoi

Telenga N. A. 1936: 159
1936
Loc

Bracon (Striobracon) sylvanus

Greese N. 1928: 154
1928
Loc

Bracon fulvipes Nees, 1834: 74

Bracon fulvipes Nees, 1834: 74
Loc

Bracon fulvipes

Wesmael 1838: 26
Szépligeti 1901: 183
Loc

Bracon (Orthobracon) fulvipes

Fahringer 1927: 265, 266
Tobias 1961: 165
Loc

Bracon (Striobracon) fulvipes

Telenga 1936: 159
Loc

Bracon (Striobracon) sylvanus

Tobias 1961: 165