Paromoionchis Dayrat & Goulding,

Dayrat, Benoît, Goulding, Tricia C., Khalil, Munawar, Apte, Deepak, Bourke, Adam J., Comendador, Joseph & Tan, Shau Hwai, 2019, A new genus and three new species of mangrove slugs from the Indo-West Pacific (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Euthyneura: Onchidiidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 500, pp. 1-77: 19-20

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2019.500

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0BC37B08-C5C4-4DC2-8EAB-3BBF4BB51391

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/4506A7F2-CC0B-4F23-8F5E-4DE2AA42B61F

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:4506A7F2-CC0B-4F23-8F5E-4DE2AA42B61F

treatment provided by

PlaziZenodoSync

scientific name

Paromoionchis Dayrat & Goulding
status

gen. nov.

Paromoionchis Dayrat & Goulding  gen. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:4506A7F2-CC0B-4F23-8F5E-4DE2AA42B61F

Type species

Onchidium tumidum Semper, 1880  , designated here.

Diagnosis

Body not flattened. No dorsal gills. Dorsal eyes present on notum. Retractable, central papilla (usually with four dorsal eyes) present, often raised above dorsal surface. Eyes at tip of short ocular tentacles. Male opening below right ocular tentacle and to its left. Foot wide. Pneumostome median, on ventral hyponotum. Intestinal loops of type II. Rectal gland absent. Accessory penial gland present or absent. When present, accessory penial gland with muscular sac. Penis with or without hooks.

Differential diagnosis

No external diagnostic feature unambiguously distinguishes Paromoionchis  gen. nov. from all other genera (which is not surprising because many onchidiid species from different genera are very similar externally). However, Paromoionchis  gen. nov. is characterized by a unique combination of internal and external characters: no dorsal gills, male opening below and to the left of the right eye tentacle, no rectal gland and intestinal loops of type II (see Labbé 1934a: 177, fig. 3, for a comparison of digestive types). According to our data, any onchidiid slug with this combination of characters must belong to a species of Paromoionchis  gen. nov.

Etymology

The name Paromoionchis  is a combination of parómoios (παρóμoιoς), which means ʻsimilarʼ in Greek (because members look very similar externally) and onchis, a word derived from the Greek onchos (ὁ ὂγκος) and one of the early names used to refer to onchidiid slugs.

Gender

Masculine, the gender of onchis (ICZN Art. 30.1.1), a word derived from the masculine Greek word ὁ ὂγκος (onchos), which means ʻmassʼ or ʻtumor.ʼ As a result (ICZN Art. 31.2), the ending of the specific name tumidum  (a Latin adjective) must be changed from neuter (because Onchidium  is a name of neuter gender) to masculine ( tumidus  ).

Distribution

The new genus described here is distributed from the western coast of India in the west, all the way to the subtropical waters of Japan (~33° N), Papua New Guinea and the subtropical waters of southeastern Australia (~32° S) in the east ( Fig. 6View Fig). We did not find Paromoionchis  gen. nov. in South Africa, Madagascar or Mauritius, but it is possible that it is present in areas east of Papua New Guinea, such as Fiji and New Caledonia, where we did not collect.

Habitat

The five known species of Paromoionchis  gen. nov. primarily live on mud, in or next to mangroves, which explains why three species have just been discovered now, because the mangroves of South- East Asia have been very poorly explored. Occasionally, these slugs can also be found in or on muddy logs, coral rubble, sandy mud or even sand with very little mud in it. Paromoionchis tumidus  , which is widespread and very common, can be found in nearly all these habitats, even though the mud surface remains where it is most commonly found, like all other species of the genus. Because members of Paromoionchis  gen. nov. prefer the mud surface, live animals are often covered with mud.

Remarks

A new generic name is needed because no existing name applies to the clade described here. Our remarks are based on the examination of all the type specimens available, especially those of the type species of all genera, the careful analyses of all the original descriptions (especially when no type specimens were available), and our ongoing taxonomic revision of each genus of the family. Three existing generic names are junior synonyms of Onchidella J.E. Gray, 1850  , which is not found in the tropical Indo-West Pacific and is characterized by a completely different anatomy ( Dayrat 2009; Dayrat et al. 2011b). Seven generic names apply to the clade including all the onchidiid slugs with dorsal gills, i.e., Peronia Fleming, 1822  ( Dayrat 2009). Labella Starobogatov, 1976 is a junior synonym of Onchidium Buchannan, 1800  , which applies to a distinct clade including three species ( Dayrat et al. 2016). Paraoncidium Labbé, 1934  is a junior synonym of Onchidina Semper, 1882  , which applies to a distinct monotypic genus from southeastern Australia (Dayrat & Goulding 2017). Peronina Plate, 1893  applies to a clade including slugs characterized by a pneumostome located at the margin between the dorsal notum and the ventral hyponotum. Platevindex Baker, 1938  applies to a clade including species with a distinctly flattened body and a narrow foot. Semperoncis Starobogatov, 1976  applies to species characterized by a very different anatomy and which are adapted to terrestrial life in the Philippines ( Dayrat 2010). And, finally, Melayonchis Dayrat & Goulding, 2017  applies to a distinct clade including slugs with a different anatomy (Dayrat et al. 2017).