Ammodaimon platythrix, Londt, 2010

Londt, Jason G. H., 2010, A review of Afrotropical Acnephalum Macquart, 1838, including the reinstatement of Sporadothrix Hermann, 1907 and descriptions of two new genera (Diptera: Asilidae: Stenopogoninae), African Invertebrates 51 (2), pp. 431-431 : 464-466

publication ID 10.5733/afin.051.0212

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Ammodaimon platythrix

sp. nov.

Ammodaimon platythrix View in CoL sp. n.

Figs 4 View Figs 1–5 , 10 View Figs 6–11 , 17, 22 View Figs 12–23 , 58–60 View Figs 52–63 , 68 View Fig

Sporadothrix gracilis: Oldroyd 1974: 81–83 View in CoL (fig. 77 – entire specimen). Misidentification.

Etymology: From Greek platys (broad, wide, flat) and thrix (hair); noun in apposition. The name refers to the many dorsoventrally compressed, scale-like setae characteristic of this species.

Description (Based on holotype ( Fig. 4 View Figs 1–5 ). Condition: Excellent. The specimen is doublemounted and pinned laterally with a minuten pin.):

Head: Dark red-brown, white setose, silver and golden pruinose.Antenna ( Fig. 17 View Figs 12–23 ): Set low on head (below an imaginary line drawn across maximum width of head in anterior view); scape and pedicel yellowish, postpedicel dark red-brown, style dark red-brown except for yellowish tip. Segmental ratios 1.0:1.2:2.2:0.4:1.6 – scape slightly shorter than pedicel, both segments white setose (macrosetae do not jut out to level achieved by postpedicel); postpedicel about twice length of scape and pedicel combined; style subequal in length to postpedicel. Face gently convex, entirely silver pruinose. Mystax shiny white, covers entire face (there is a narrow asetose strip below antennal sockets) setae dorsoventrally flattened and scale­like. Frons and vertex white setose, entirely silver pruinose; postocular region white setose, silver-gold pruinose; angle subtended by eye margins at level of frons/vertex c. 11°. Proboscis short, straight, dark red-brown, weakly whitish setose. Palpus small 1-segmented.

Thorax: Uniformly dark red-brown, white setose (long setae regular, short setae scale-like), entirely silver and gold pruinose. Pronotum white setose. Mesonotum white setose. Lateral macrosetae well developed, long, pale translucent white (4 or 5 dc, 2 ppn, 3 npl, 2 spal, 1 pal). Pleura largely asetose except for some long, straight, white katatergals and a few scale-like setae ventrally on anepisternum and dorsally on katepisternum. Scutellum dark red-brown, silver-gold pruinose (except for hind margin), with poorly developed transverse, subapical groove. 12 well developed, long, white apical macrosetae, unaccompanied by shorter setae; disc asetose. Postmetacoxal area membranous. Legs: Dark red brown, cox silver pruinose, white setose (scale-like setae); fem tib and tar 1 with long translucent macrosetae and small scale-like white setae; tar 2–5 with short, white, regular setae. Pro- and mesothoracic tar longer than tib, metathoracic tar subequal in length to tib. Claws black, long (about as long as tarsomere 5), fairly straight; empodia and pulvilli absent ( Fig. 22 View Figs 12–23 ). Haltere pale yellow-white, base brownish. Wing ( Fig. 10 View Figs 6–11 ): 3.1× 1.2 mm. Veins pale brownish; membrane lacking microtrichiae, transparent except for brown-stained distal end; C continues around wing to A 1 (anal cell and alula without bordering vein); R 4 lacking basal stump-vein.

Abdomen: Cylindrical, uniformly dark red-brown to black, mostly white setose (some pale yellowish on distal terga). Discal setae long, erect, normal, translucent white; minor setae scale-like, white, recumbent. Eight segments discernable, genitalia rotated through 90°, not withdrawn between subterminal terga and sterna. Terga apruinose, except for narrow silver pruinose lateral strips; sterna entirely fine silver pruinose, virtually all setae short, white, scale-like and recumbent. Genitalia ( Figs 55–57 View Figs 52–63 ) slightly clockwise rotated (<90°): Epand medially deeply incised to form two defined lobes fused proximally; lobes falling short of distance achieved by external parts of goncx. Proc juts out to about same level achieved by hypd (lateral view). External lobe of goncx in lateral view rounded basally, interior lobe slender, projecting beyond levels reached by either proc or hypd; interior lobe fairly broad in lateral view with slightly downturned (lateral view), bifurcate (dorsal & ventral views) tip. Gonst small, normally hidden from view except in ventral view, slightly curved with two relatively well-developed ventral setae distally. Aed short with simple tip. Hypd somewhat truncate basally, gradually tapering distally to finger­like medial lobe (ventral view); in lateral view hypd had a dorsally projecting subapical flange.

Holotype: ♂ NAMIBIA: ‘S. W. AFRICA (3) / Noachabeb [27°26'S: 18°31'E] 27 mls. [c. 43 km] / NNE. Grunau / 10–12.i.1972 ’, ‘Southern / African Exp. / B.M. 1972-1’, ‘ Sporadothrix / gracilis Hermann / det. H. Oldroyd 1973’ (BMNH).

Note: This is the specimen identified and described as Sporadothrix gracilis by Oldroyd (1974).Although he correctly stated in his text that it was a male, the caption for his useful illustration gives the sex as female. Distribution ( Fig. 68 View Fig ), phenology (Table 3) and biology: The species is known only from the holotype collected in January ( A. acares being collected in September). The species probably has a similar behaviour to A. acares which rests on the ground in open, fairly arid situations (Londt 1985).

Similar species: A. platythrix is similar to A. acares , but can be easily separated by the following brief key.

1 Wing with brown-stained tip; mesonotum and scutellar disc entirely pruinose; antennal scape and pedicel yellowish, postpedicel dark red-brown.......................... .................................................................................................... platythrix sp. n.

– Wing uniformly transparent; mesonotum pruinose centrally only, margins and scutellar disc shiny apruinose; antennae uniformly dark red-brown .......................... ............................................................................................... acares Londt, 1985 View in CoL














Ammodaimon platythrix

Londt, Jason G. H. 2010

Sporadothrix gracilis:

OLDROYD, H. 1974: 83
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